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He is put in a dungeon.

JEREMIAH, XXXVIII. He confers with Zedekiah.

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cepted before thee; th it thou cause u ch.38.9.
me not to return to the house of
Jonathan the scribe, lest I die there.

a ch.37.3.

king is not he that can do any thing against you.

6 Then d took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah the son of 2 Hammelech, that was in the court of the prison: and they let down Jeremiah with cords. And in the dungeon there was no water, but mire: so Jeremiah sunk in the mire.

7 Now when Ebed-melech & the Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs which was in the king's house. heard that they had put Jeremiah in the dungeon; (the king then sitting in the gate of Benjamin ;)

8 Ebed-inelech went forth out of the king's house, and spake to the king, saving,

9 My lord the king, these men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have cast into the dungeon; and he 3 is like to die for hunger in the place where he is: for there is no more bread ƒ in the

21 Then Zedekiah the king com- (CHAP. 33.) city.
manded that they should commit
Jeremiah into the court s of the
prison, and that they should give b ch.21.1-10.
him daily a piece of i bread out of

the bakers' street, until all the c ch.26.11.
bread in the city were spent. u Thus
Jeremiah remained in the court of 1 peace.
the prison.


1 Jeremiah, by a false suggestion, is

put into the dungeon of Malchiah: d'ch.37.21.
7 Eled-melech getteth him some en-


HEN Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of Pashur, and Jucala the son of Shelemiah, and Pashurb the son of Malchiah, heard the words that Jeremiah had spoken unto all the people, saying,




or, the king,


e ch.39.16.

3 will.

f ch.37.21.

4 in thine

2 Thus saith the LORD, He that remaineth in this city shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth forth to the Chaldeans shall live; I for he shall have his life for a prey, 5 or, princi

and shall live.


2Ki. 16.18.

3 Thus saith the LORD, This city
shall surely be given into the hand
of the king of Babylon's army, g 2K1.2.2.
which shall take it.



4 Therefore the princes said unto h Nu. 16.22.
the king, We beseech thee, let this
man be put to death: c for thus he
weakeneth the hands of the men
of war that remain in this city, and


10 Then the king commanded Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, saying, Take from hence thirty men 14 with thee, and take up Jeremiah the prophet out of the dungeon, before he die.

11 So Ebed-melech took the men with him, and went into the house of the king under the treasury, and took thence old cast clouts and old rotten rags, and let them down by cords into the dungeon to Jeremiahi.

12 And Ebed-melech the Ethiopian said unto Jeremiah, Put now these old cast clouts and rotten rags under thine arm-holes under the cords. And Jeremiah did so.

13 So they drew up Jeremiah with cords, and took him up out of the dungeon: and Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison.

14 Then Zedekiah the king sent, and took Jeremiah the prophet unto him into the 5 third entry that is in the house of the LORD: and the

king said unto Jeremiah, I will ask

thee a thing; hide nothing from me. 15 Then Jeremaiah said unto Zedekiah, If I declare it unto thee, wilt thou not surely put me to death? and if I give thec counsel, wilt thou not hearken unto me?

16 So Zedekiah the king sware secretly unto Jeremiah, saying, Asg the LORD liveth, that made h us this soul, I will not put thee to

the hands of all the people, in i Ps.80.7.14. death, neither will I give thee into

speaking such words unto them: for this man seeketh not the 1 welfare of this people, but the hurt.

5 Then Zedekiah the king said, Behold, he is in your hand: for the

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Jeremiah counsels the king.

I ver.2. 2Ki,24.12.

m ch.39.3.

Jerusalem is taken.


1 Jerusalem is taken. 7 Zedekiah is made blind and sent to Babylon. 9 The people carried away captive. IN the a ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, came Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon and all his army against Jerusalem, and they besieged it.

JEREMIAH, XXXIX. If thou wilt assuredly go forth B. C. 589. unto the king of Babylon's princes, m then thy soul shall live, and this city shall not be burned with fire; and thou shalt live, and thine house; 18 But if thou wilt not go forth to the king of Babylon's princes, n ver.23. then shall this city be given into ch.32.4. the hand of the Chaldeans, and 34.3. they shall burn it with fire, and o 1Sa.31.4. thou shalt not escape out of their hand. P 2Ch.20.20.

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Ja. 1.22.

19 And Zedekiah the king said! unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the q Is.55.3. Jews that are fallen to the Chal-r Pr. 1.30,31, deans, lest they deliver me into Is. 1.19,20. their hand, and they mock o me. 20 But Jeremiah said, They shall thy peace. The men of not deliver thee. Obey, p I beseech thee, the voice of the LORD, which & L.1.2. Mi.7.5. I speak unto thee: so it shall be well unto thee, and thy soul q shall t Ps.69.2,14. live.

u Is.42.17.


21 But if thou refuser to go forth, this is the word that the LORD hath v ch.39.6. showed me: 22 And, behold, all the women w ch.52.8-13. that are left in the king of Judah's burn. house shall be brought forth to the x ch.37.15,20. king of Babylon's princes, and those women 8 were silent shall say, Thy friends s have set thee on, and from. have prevailed against thee: thy y ch.39.14. feet are sunk in the mire, t and they are turned u away back.

23 So they shall bring out all thy wives and thy children v to the Chaldeans: and thou shalt not escape out of their hand, but shall be w taken by the hand of the king of Babylon and thou shalt 7 cause this city to be burned with fire. 24 T Then said Zedekiah unto Jeremiah, Let no man know of these words, and thou shalt not die. 25 But if the princes hear that I have talked with thee, and they come unto thee, and say unto thee, Declare unto us now what thou e hast said unto the king, hide it not from us, and we will not put thee to death; also what the king said unto thee:

(CHAP. 39.) a ch.52.4,&c. 2Ki.25.1,


b ver. 13. ch.38.17. c ch.32.4. 38,18,23. d La. 1.3. 1 spake with him judg


ments, ch.4.12. ch.52.11. Eze.12.13. two brazen chains, or, fetters.

26 Then thou shalt say unto them, f La.2.2.

3 chief of the

2 And in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, the city was broken up.

3 And all the princes 5 of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate, even Nergal-sharezer, Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris, Nergal sharezer, Rab-mag. with all the residue of the princes of the king of Babylon.

4 And it came to pass, that when Zedekiah the king of Judah saw them, and all the men of war, then they fled, and went forth out of the city by night, by the way of the king's garden, by the gate betwixt the two walls and he went out the way of the plain.

sued after them, and overtook d 5 But c the Chaldeans' army purZedekiah in the plains of Jericho: and when they had taken him, they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he gave judgment upon him.

6 Then the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah in Riblah before his eyes: also the king of Babylon slew all the nobles of Judah. 7 Moreover e he put out Zedekiah's eyes, and bound him with 2 chains, to carry him to Babylon.

8 And the Chaldeans burned the king's house, and the houses f of the people, with fire, and brake down the walls of Jerusalem.

9 Then Nebuzar-adan, the 3 captain of the guard carried away captive into Babylon the remnant of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to him, with the rest of the people that remained.

10 But Nebuzar-adan the captain

I presented my supplication before the king, that he would not cause executioners, of the guard left of the poor of the me to return to Jonathan's house, x or, staugh- people which had nothing in the to die there. ter-men,or, land of Judah, and gave them vinechief mar yards and fields 4 at the same time. 11 Now Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon gave charge concerning Jeremiah 5 to Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard, saying.

27 Then came all the princes unto Jeremiah, and asked him: and he told them according to all these words that the king had commanded. So they left off speaking with him; for the matter was not perceived.

shal; and so ver. 10,11. Ge.37.36. 4 in that day. 5 by the

hand of. 6 set thine

eyes upon.

28 So Jeremiah abode in the court of the prison until y the day that Jerusalem was taken: and he was g Ps. 105.15. there when Jerusalem was taken.

12 Take him, and 6 look well to him, and do him no harm; g but do unto him even as he shall say unto thee.

13 So Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard sent, and Nebushas

Jeremiah's preservation.

JEREMIAH, XL. ban, Rab-saris, h and Nergal-sha- B. C. 589. rezer, Rab-mag, and all the king of Babylon's princes;

h ver.3. 14 Even they sent, and took Jeremiah out of the court of the pri-i ch.38.28. son, and committed him unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the k ch.40.5. son of Shaphan, that he should carry him home: so he dwelt among the people.

15 Now the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah while he was shut up in the court of the prison, saying,

7 ch.26.24.

m ch.38.7, 12.

n Da.9.12.

o Job 5.19-21.



r 1Ch.5.20.

The Jews repair to him.

bylon hath made governor over the cities of Judah, and dwell with him among the people: or go wheresoever it seemeth convenient unto thee to go. So the captain of the guard gave him victuals and a reward, and let him go.

6 Then went Jeremiah unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, to Mizpah; and dwelt with him among the people that were left in the land. 7 Now when all the captains of the forces which were in the fields, even they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam governor in the land, and had committed unto him men, and women, and children, and of the poor g of the land, of them that were not carried away captive to Babylon; 8 Then they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael h the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan i and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, k and Jezaniah the son of a Maachathite, 7 they and their men. b ch.50.7. 9 And Gedaliah the son of Ahic De.29.24.25. kam, the son of Shaphan, sware Ne.9.28,33. unto them, and to their men, sayDa.9.11. ing, Fear not to serve the Chaideans: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.


16 Go and speak to Ebed-melech m the Ethiopian, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Is-p 2Sa.24.14. rael; Behold, I will n bring my words upon this city for evil, and q ch.21.9. not for good; and they shall be accomplished in that day before thee. 17 But I will deliver thee in that o day, saith the LORD: and thou shalt not be given into the hand of the men p of whom thou art afraid. 18 For I will surely deliver thee, and thou shalt not fall by the sword, but thy life q shall be for a prey unto thee: because r thou hast put thy trust in me, saith the LORD. CHAPTER XL.

1 Jeremiah, being set free by Nebuzar-adan, goeth to Gedaliah: 7 The Jews repair to him. 15 Ishmael's conspiracy.

HE word that came to Jeremiah

Tfrom the LORD, after that Ne

(CHAP. 40.)

a ch.39.14.

1 manacles.

2 or, are.

d ch.39.12.

10 As for me, behold, I will dwell

buzar-adan the captain of the guard 3 set mine eye at Mizpah, to 4 serve the Chal


had let hima go from Ramah,
when he had taken him, being
bound in 1 chains among all that e ch.41.2.
were carried away captive of Jeru-
salem and Judah, which were car-
ried away captive into Babylon.

f Ju.20.1.

2 And the captain of the guard took Jeremiah, and b said unto him, g ch.39.10. The LORD thy God hath pronounced this evil upon this place.


i ch.43.2,4,5.

3 Now the LORD hath brought it, h ch.41.1,&c. and done according as he hath said: c because ye have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed his voice, therefore this thing is come upon you.

k Ezr.2.22.

Jos. 12.5.

stand be-
De. 1.38.

m ch.39.10.

4 And now behold, I loose thee this day from the chains which 2 were upon thine hand. If d it seem good unto thee to come with me into Babylon, come; and I will 3 look well unto thee: but if it seem ill unto thee to come with me into n Is. 16.4. Babylon, forbear: behold, all the land is before thee: whither it o Ezr.25.2. seemeth good and convenient for thee to go, thither go.

5 Now while he was not yet gone! back, he said, Go back also to e Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan whom the king of Ba-l

p ch.41.10.

5 strike thee
in soul.

deans, which will come unto us: but ye, gather m ye wine, and summer-fruits, and oil, and put them in your vessels, and dwell in your cities that ye have taken.

11 Likewise when all the Jews that were in Moab, n and among the Ammonites, o and in Edom, and that were in all the countries, heard that the king of Babylon had left a remnant of Judah, and that he had set over them Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan;

12 Even all the Jews returned out of all places whither they were driven, and came to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah, unto Mizpah, and gathered wine and summerfruits very much.

13 Moreover Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were in the fields, came to Gedaliah to Mizpah,

14 And said unto him, Dost thou certainly know that Baalis the king of the Ammonites hath sent p lshmael the son of Nethaniah to 5 slay thee? But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam believed them not. 15 Then Johanan the son of Ka

Ishmael killeth Gedaliah.

JERE. HAH, XLI, XLII. The captives recovered.

| men, (whom he had slain 2 because of Gedaliah.) was it which Asa the king had made for fear of Baasha man (CHAP. 41.) king of Israel and Ishmael the son of Nethaniah filled it with them that were slain.

a ch.40.6,8. 2K1.25.25.

reah, spoke to Gedaliah in Mizpah B. C. 588. secretly, saying. Let me go, I pray thee, and I will slay Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and no shall know it: wherefore should he slay thee, that all the Jews which are gathered unto thee should be scattered, and the remnant in Judah perish? 16 But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam b 1Sa.27.11. said unto Johanan the son of Kareah, Thou shalt not do this thing: for thou speakest falsely of Ishmael. CHAPTER XLI.

Ishmael treacherously killeth Gedaliah and others.


OW it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael a the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and the princes of the king, even ten men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat bread together in Mizpah.

2 Then arose Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and the ten men that e were with him, and smote Gedaliah| the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan with the sword, and slew him, whom the king of Babylon had made governor over the land.

3 Ishmael also slew all the Jews that were with him, even with Ge-| daliah, at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans that were found there, and the men of war.

4 And it came to pass the second day after he had slain Gedaliah, and and no man knew b it,

c Le.19.27,28. De. 14. 1. 251.10.4. Is. 15.2.

d 1S3.1.7.

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in going and weeping, 2Sa.3.16.

Job 2.4.

Pr. 13.8.

by the hand of, or, side of; or,near.

f 1Ki.15.22.

5 That there came certain from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, even fourscore men, hav- 2Ch. 16.6. ing their beards shaven, c and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with offerings d and incense in their hand, to bring them to the house of the LORD.

h ch.43.6.

i Ne.2. 10,19.


6 And Ishmael the son of Nethaniah went forth from Mizpah to meet them, I weeping all along as he went and it came to pass, as he k ver.2,3,7, met them, he said unto them, Come to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam.


7 And it was so, when they came into the midst of the city, that Ish-1 mael the son of Nethaniah slew m 2Sa. 19.37, them, and cast them into the midst of the pit, he, and the men that were with him.


8 But ten men were found among n ch.40.5. them that said unto Ishmael, Slay us not for we have treasures e in the field, of wheat, and of barley, (CHAP. 42.) and of oil, and of honey. So he forbare, and slew them not among their brethren.

9 Now the pit wherein Ishmael had cast all the dead bodies of the

a ch.40.8.

10 Then Ishmael carried away captive all the residue of the people that were in Mizpah, g even the king's daughters, and all the people that remained in Mizpah, whom Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard had committed to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam; and Ishmael the son of Nethaniah carried them away captive, and departed to go over to the i Ammonites.

11 But when Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, heard of all the evil & that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had done,

12 Then they took all the men, and went to fight with Ishmael the soa of Nethaniah, and found him by the great waters / that are in Gibeon.

13 Now it came to pass, that when all the people which were with Ishmael saw Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, then they were glad.

14 So all the people that Ishmael had carried away captive from Mizpah cast about and returned, and went unto Johanan the son of Kareah.

15 But Ishmael the son of Nethaniah escaped from Johanan with eight men, and went to the Ammonites.

16 Then took Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, all the remnant of the people whom he had recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, from Mizpah, after that he had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, even mighty men of war, and the women, and the children, and the eunuchs, whom he had brought again from Gibeon:

17 And they departed, and dwelt in the habitation of Chimham, m which is by Beth-lehem, to go to enter into Egypt,

18 Because of the Chaldeans: for they were afraid of them, because Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, whom n the king of Babylon made governor in the land.

CHAPTER XLII. 1 Johanan desireth Jeremiah to inquire of God, promising obedience. 7 Jeremiah's answer, etc. THEN all the captains a of the forces, and Johanan the son of


Johanan's request.

Kareah, and Jezaniah the son of B. C.588.
Hoshaiah, and all the people from
the least unto the greatest, came

2 And said unto Jeremiah the prophet, Let, we beseech thee, our supplication 1 be accepted before thee, and pray b for us unto the LORD thy God, even for all this remnant; (for we are left but a few c of many, as thine eyes do behold us :)

3 That d the LORD thy God may show us the way e wherein we may walk, and the thing that we may


1 or, fall.

b ch.17.15,16.


Is. 1.15.

c Le.26.22.

La. 1.1.

d De.5.28,29.
e Ezr.8.21.
f Ex.9.29.
g 1Ki.22.14.
h 1Sa.3.18.




De.5.27. ch.7.23. De.6.3.

4 Then Jeremiah the prophet said unto them, I have heard you; be-l hold, I will pray f unto the LORD your God according to your words; and it shall come to pass that whatsoever g thing the LORD shall m ch.31.28. answer you, I will declare it unton ch. 18.8. you; I will keep nothing backh De.32.36. from you.

5 Then they said to Jeremiah, The LORD i be a true and faithful witness between us, if we do not even according to all things for the which the LORD thy God shall send thee to us.

6 Whether it be good, or whether it be evil, we will k obey the voice of the LORD our God, to whom we send thee; that it may be well with us, when we obey the voice of the LORD our God.

7 And it came to pass after ten days, that the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah.

o Mat. 10.28.
p Is.43.5.

9 Ps. 106.45.

& De.29.19,20.

t De. 17.16.
u ch.44.13.
v Eze. 11.8.

2 cleave.

3 all the men

w ver.22.

8 Then called he Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of r ch.7.20. the forces which were with him,! y ch.39.2. and all the people, from the least La.2.5. even to the greatest, z ch.24.9.

9 And said unto them, Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, unto whom ye sent me to present your supplication before him;

Hypocrisy reproved,

| shall see no war, nor hear the sound of the trumpet, nor have hunger of bread; and there will we dwell:

15 (And now therefore hear the word of the LORD, ye remnant of Judah, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; If ye wholly set your faces to enter into Egypt, t and go to sojourn there;)

16 Then u it shall come to pass, that the sword, which e ye feared, shall overtake you there in the land of Egypt, and the famine, whereof ye were afraid, shall 2 follow close after you there in Egypt; and there ye shall die.

17 So shall 3 it be with all the men that set their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn there; they w shail die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: and none of them shall remain or escape from the evil that I will bring upon them.

18 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; As a mine anger and my fury hath been y poured forth upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem; so shall my fury be poured forth upon you, when ye shall enter into Egypt and z ye shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach; and ye shall see this place no more.

19 T The LORD hath said concerning you, O ye remnant of Judah; Go ye not into Egypt: know certainly that I have 4 admonished you this day.

20 For ye 5 dissembled a in your b hearts, when ye sent me unto the LORD your God, saying, Pray c for us unto the LORD our God; and according unto all that the LORD 29.18,22, our God shall say, so declare unto us, and we will do it.


4 testified

10 If ye will still abide in this land,! then will I build m you, and not pull you down, and I will plant you, s or, have and not pluck you up: for I repent n me of the evil that I have done

unto you.

used deceit
your souls,
Nu. 16.38.
a Ga.6.7.
b ch.17.10.

c ver.2.

11 Be not afraid o of the king of Babylon, of whom ye are afraid; be not afraid of him, saith the LORD; for Ip am with you to save you, and to deliver you from his hand. 12 And q I will show mercies unto d De.11.26,27. you, that he may have mercy upon e ver. 17. you, and cause you to return to your own land.


f Ho.9.6.
6 or, to go to

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13 But if ye say, We will notr dwell in this land, neither obey the voice of the LORD your God, 14 Saying, No: but we will go a ch.42.1. into the land of Egypt, where s wel

21 And now I have this day d declared it to you; but ye have not obeyed the voice of the LORD your God, nor any thing for the which he hath sent me unto you.

22 Now therefore know e certainly that ye shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, in the f place whither ye desire to go and to sojourn.

Jeremiah prophesieth the conquest of
Egypt by the Babylonians.

ND it came to pass, that when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking unto all the people all the words of the LORD their God, for which the LORD their God had sent him to them, even all these words.

2 Then a spake Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, and Johanan the son

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