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God observeth our ways.

JOB, XXIII, XXIV. Wickedness is oft unpunished.

28 Thou shalt also decree a B. C. 1520. WHY, seeing times are not hid

thing, and it established unto thee: and the light shall shine upon thy ways.


from Almighty, do theythat know him not see his days? 2 Some remove the landmarks: they violently take away flocks, and feed 1 thereof.

29 When men are cast down, then thou shalt say, There is lifting up; and he shall save 15 the humble m person.

30 16 He shall deliver the island of the innocent: and it is delivered by the pureness of thine hands. CHAPTER XXIII.

God, who is invisible, observeth our

THEN Job answered and said,
2 to-day a is my com-
plaint bitter: my 1 stroke is heavier
than my groaning.

3 Oh b that I knew where I might find him! that I might come even to his seat!

15 him that

hath low

10 But he knoweth the way that

2 I take: when e he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold,

11 My foot hath held his steps, his way have I kept, and not declined. 12 Neither have I gone back from the commandment of his lips; If have 3 esteemed the words of his mouth more than my 4 necessary food.g

13 But he is in one mind, and who can turn him? and what his soul desireth, even that he doeth.

m 1Pe.5.5.

16 or, The
shall de-

liver the
Ge. 18.26.

(CHAP. 23.)
a Ps.77.2.9.

1 hand.

b Is.26.8.

4 I would order my cause c before him, and fill my mouth with arguments.

5 I would know the words which he would answer me, and understand what he would say unto me. 6 Will d he plead against me with his great power? No; but he would put strength in me.

7 There the righteous might dispute with him; so should I be delivered for ever from my judge.

8 Behold, I go forward, but he is not there; and backward, but I cannot perceive him:

g Je.15.16.

9 On the left hand, where he doth h 1Th.3.3. work, but I cannot behold him he hideth himself on the right hand, i Ps. 119.120. that I cannot see him:

c Is.43.26.

d Is.57.16.

2 is with me,

e 1Pe.1.7.

f Ps. 19.9, 10.
3 hid, or,
laid up.

4 or, ap-

(CHAP. 24.)
1 or, them.

a De.24.6,17.

2 mingled

corn, or,

3 the wicked
gather the


14 For he performeth the thing that is appointed h for me: and c Ps. 10.8-11. many such things are with him.

15 Therefore am I troubled at his presence: when I consider, I am afraid i of him.

16 For God maketh my heart soft, and the Almighty troubleth me: 17 Because I was not cut off before the darkness, neither hath he covered the darkness from my face. CHAPTER XXIV. 1 Wickedness goeth often unpunished. 17 There is a secret judgment for the wicked.

d Pr.7.8,9.

setteth his
face in


e Jno.3.20.

f Ps.73.18,19.
5 violently

g Pr.10.7.

3 They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take a the widow's ox for a pledge.

4 They turn the needy out of the way: the poor of the earth hide themselves together.

5 Behold, as wild asses in the desert, go they forth to their work; rising betimes for a prey: the wilderness yieldeth food for them and for their children.

6 They reap every one his 2 corn in the field: and 3 they gather the vintage of the wicked.

7 They cause the naked to lodge without clothing, that they have no covering in the cold.

8 They are wet with the showers of the mountains, and embrace b the rock for want of a shelter.

9 They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

10 They cause him to go naked without clothing, and they take away the sheaf from the hungry;

11 Which make oil within their walls, and tread their wine-presses, and suffer thirst.

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God's power is infinite.

JOB, XXV, XXVI, XXVII. 21 He evil-entreateth the barren | B. C. 1520. that beareth not, and doeth not good to the widow.

22 He draweth also the mighty with his power: he riseth up, 6 and no man is sure of life.

23 Though it be given him to be in safety, whereon he resteth; yet hish eyes are upon their ways. 24 They are exalted for a little i while, but 7 are gone and brought low; they are 8taken out of the way as all other, and cut off as the tops of the ears of corn.

25 And if it be not so now, who will make me a liar, and make my speech nothing worth?

6 or, he trusteth not his own life.


7 not.

h Pr.5.21-23. Ps.37.35,36. closed up. (CHAP, 25.) a Da.4.3,34.

Jude 25. b Mat. 5.45. c ch.4.17,&c.



Bildad showeth that man cannot be justified before God. HEN answered Bildad the Shu-(CHAP. 26.) hite, and said,

a Is.40.14.

b Ec.12.7.

2 Dominion a and fear are with him, he maketh peace in his high places.

or, with. c Ps. 189.8,11. Pr. 15.11. He.4.13.

3 Is there any number of his armies? and upon whom b doth not his light arise?

4 How then can man be justified c with God? or how can he be clean d that is born of a woman?

5 Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not; yea, the stars are not pure in his sight.

6 How much less man, that is a h He. 12.26. worm? and the son of man, which~~~ is a worm?

7 He stretched out d the north over the empty place, and hangeth the earth upon nothing.

8 He bindeth upe the waters in his thick clouds; and the cloud is not rent under them. 9 He holdeth back the face of his throne, and spreadeth his cloud ƒ upon it.

10 He hath compassed the waters with bounds, g until the 2 day and night come to an end.

11 The pillars of heaven tremble h

Ps. 143.2, &c parable, and said,


d Zec. 13. 1.
1Jno. 1.9.
Re. 1.5.

d Ps. 104.2. e Ge.1.6.7.

Pr.30.4. f Ps.97.2.

g Pr.8.29. 2 end of light with darkness.


i Ex. 14.21. Is 51.15.

Job reproveth the uncharitable spirit 3 pride. of Bildad.

A Da.4.37.


UT Job answered and said, 2 How a hast thou helped him that is without power? how savest thou the arm that hath no strength?

(CHAP. 27.)

3 How hast thou counselled him i added to that hath no wisdom? and how hast thou plentifully declared the thing as it is?

4 To whom hast thou uttered words? and whose spirit b came from thee?

5 Dead things are formed from under the waters, 1 and the inhabitants thereof.

6 Hell c is naked before him, and destruction hath no covering.

1 Ps.33.6.7.

m 1Co. 13.9,



take up.

made my soul bitter, Ru.1.20.

The wicked are cursed.

and are astonished at his reproof. 12 Hei divideth the sea with his power, and by his understanding he smiteth through 3 the proud.k 13 By his spirit hel hath garnished the crooked serpent. ed the heaven; his hand hath form

14 Lo, these are parts m of his ways: but how little a portion is heard of him? but the thunder of his power who can understand?


5 or, being in, f De.28.41.

2 Ki. 10.7,8. Hos.9.13.

The blessings which the wicked have are turned into curses. OREOVER Job 1 continued his

g Ps.78.64. h Ec.2.26.

i Lu. 16.22.23.

2 As God liveth, who hath taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, who hath 2 vexed my soul; 3 All the while my breath is in me, and the 3 spirit of God is in my nostrils.

13 This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage of oppressors, which they shall receive of the Almighty.

3 i. e. the
which God
14 Iff his children be multiplied,
gave him, it is for the sword: and his offspring


shall not be satisfied with bread.

a ch.2.3,9.
b Ac.24.16.

15 Those that remain of him shall be buried in death: and his widows shall not weep.g

4 from my
c Mat. 16.26.
d Pr.1.28.

16 Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay;

e Mat. 13.21.

4 My hips shall not speak wickedness, nor my tongue utter deceit. 5 God forbid that I should justify you: till I die I will not remove mine a integrity from me.

6 My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go; my heart b shall not reproach me 4 so long as I live. 7 Let mine enemy be as the wicked, and he that riseth up against mé as the unrighteous.

8 Forc what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God taketh away his soul? 9 Will God heard his cry when trouble cometh upon him?

10 Will he delight himself in the Almighty? will he always e call upon God?

il I will teach you 5 by the hand of God: that which is with the Almighty will I not conceal.

12 Behold, all ye yourselves have seen it; why then are ye thus altogether vain?

17 He may prepare it, but the just shall put it on, and the innocent shall divide the silver.

18 He buildeth his house as a moth, and as a booth that the keeper maketh.

19 The rich i man shall lie down, but he shall not be gathered: he openeth his eyes, and he is not.

Excellency of wisdom.

20 Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in the night.

21 The east wind carrieth him away, and he departeth: and as a k storm, hurleth him out of his place. 22 For God shall cast upon him, and not spare: 6 he would fain flee out of his hand.

23 Men shall clap their hands at him, and shall hiss him out of his place.


Job bemoaneth himself. B. C. 1520. | equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

20 Whence h then cometh wisdom? and where is the place of understanding?

21 Seeing it is hid from the eyes of all living, and kept close from the fowls of the 9 air.

22 Destruction and death say, We have heard the fame thereof with our ears.

23 God i understandeth the way thereof, and he knoweth the place thereof.

4 The flood breaketh out from the inhabitant; even the waters forgotten of the foot: they are dried up, they are gone away from men.

5 As for the earth, out of it cometh bread and under it is turned up as it were fire.

k Ps.58.9.

6 in fleeing
he would

(CHAP. 28.)

1 or, mine.
2 or, dust.

3 or, gold ore.

a ch.11.6.



There is a knowledge of natural things. URELY there is a 1 vein for the silver, and a place for gold where they fine it.

2 Iron is taken out of the 2 earth, and brass is molten out of the stone. 3 He setteth an end to darkness, e Ec.7.24. and searcheth out all perfection: f Pr.3. 13-15. the stones of darkness, and the 6 Fine gold shadow of death.

shall not be given for it.

4 or, flint.
b Hab.3.9.

c ch.25.8.

5 weeping.

d 1Co.4.5.


or, vessels.
8 or, Ramoth.


Pr.8.11,19. the fearm of the LORD, that is wis28 And unto man he said, Behold,


dom; n and to depart from evil is understanding.

h ver. 12.
Ja.1.5, 17.

9 or, heaven.

1 Pr.2.6.

m De.4.6.
Ps. 111.10.

6 The stones of it are the place of sapphires: and it hath 3 dust of gold. There is a path a which no fowl knoweth, and which the vulture's eye hath not seen:

8 The lion's whelps have not trodden it, nor the fierce lion passed by it.

k Pr. 15.3.

9 He putteth forth his hand up- Ps. 135.7. on the 4 rock; he overturneth the mountains by the roots.

10 Heb cutteth out rivers among the rocks; and his eye seeth every precious thing.

11 He bindeth c the floods from 5 overflowing; and the thing that is hid d bringeth he forth to light.


n Ja.3.17.

6 When c I washed my steps with 12 But where e shall wisdom be (CHAP. 29.) butter, and the rock poured 3 me found? and where is the place of understanding?

out rivers of oil:

1 added to

13 Man knoweth not the price f thereof; neither is it found in the land of the living.

take up. 2 or, lamp.

7 When I went out to the gate through the city, when I prepared my seat in the street!

a Ps.23.4.

14 The depth saith, It is not in me: and the sea saith, It is not with me.

8 The young men saw me, and hid themselves: and the aged arose, and stood up.

b Ps.25. 14.

156 It cannot be gotten for gold, gc De.33.24. neither shall silver be weighed for 3 with me. the price thereof.

9 The princes refrained talking, and laid their hand on their mouth. 10 4 The nobles held their peace, and their tongue cleaved to the roof of their mouth.

16 It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.

17 The gold and the crystal cannot equal it: and the exchange of it shall not be for 7 jewels of fine gold. 18 No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for the price of wisdom is above rubies.

19 The topaz of Ethiopia shall not

9.10. Ec. 12. 13.

4 The voice
of the
nobles was

d Lu.4.22.

e Ps.72.12.

24 For he k looketh to the ends of the earth, and seeth under the whole heaven;

25 To make the weight for the winds: and he weigheth the waters by measure.

26 When he made a decree for the rain, and a way for the lightning of the thunder:


27 Then did he see it, and 10 declare it; he prepared it, yea, and searched it out.


Job bemoaneth himself of his former prosperity.


OREOVER Job I continued his parable, and said,

2 Oh that I were as in months past, as in the days when God preserved


3 When his 2 candle shined upon my head, and when by his light I a walked through darkness;

4 As I was in the days of my youth, when the secret b of God was upon my tabernacle;

5 When the Almighty was yet with me, when my children were about

11 When the ear heard me, then it blessed d me; and when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me:

12 Because I deliverede the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him. 13 The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me:

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7 Among the bushes they brayed; under the nettles they were gathered together.


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whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.

2 Yea, whereto might the strength of their hands profit me, in whom old age was perished?

3 For want and famine they were 2 solitary; fleeing into the wilder-e ness 3 in former time desolate and waste.

Ps.49. 10-13.
men of no


b Ps.69.12.
c ch. 17.6.

6 withhold

not spittle

d Is.50.6.



If ch.9.31.



the strength of thy hand. 100r,wisdom.

turned to

5 They were driven forth from among men, (they cried after them as after a thief;)

6 To dwell in the cliffs of the val-g Ge.3.19. leys, in 4 caves of the earth, and in 11 heap. the rocks.

12 hard of

i La.4.8.

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28 I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation.

h Je.8.15.

29 I am a brother to dragons, and a companion to 13 owls.

8. They were children of fools, yea, 130r, ostriches 30 My skin i is black upon me, and children a of 5 base men: they were viler than the earth.

9 And now b am I their song, yea, I am their c by-word.

my bones are burned with heat.
31 My harp also is turned to
mourning, and my organ into the
voice of them that weep.

17 My bones are pierced in me in the night season: and my sinews take no rest.

18 By the great force of my disease is my garment changed: it bindeth me about as the collar of my coat. 19 He hath cast fme into the mire, and I am become like dust and ashes.

20 I cry unto thee, and thou dost not hear me: I stand up, and thou regardest me not.

21 Thou art 8 become cruel to me: with 9 thy strong hand thou opposest thyself against me.

22 Thou liftest me up to the wind; thou causest me to ride upon it, and dissolvest my 10 substance. 23 For I know that thou wilt bring me to death, and to the house appointed g for all living.

24 Howbeit he will not stretch out his hand to the 11 grave, though they cry in his destruction.

25 Did not I weep for him that was 12 in trouble? was not my soul grieved for the poor?

26 When h I looked for good, then evil came unto me: and when 1 waited for light, there came darkness.

27 My bowels boiled, and rested not: the days of affliction prevented

Job's protestation

CHAPTER XXXI. Job maketh a solemn protestation of his integrity.

of his integrity. my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken from 4 the bone.


MADE a covenant with mine ; upon a maid?

23 Fork destruction from God was a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure. 24 If m I have made gold my hope,

c Jno.1.48.

2 For what portion of God is there d Ps.44.20,21. or have said to the fine gold, Thou from above? and what inheritance 1 him weigh art my confidence ;

B. C. 1520.

of the Almighty from on high?

3 Is not destruction to the wicked? and a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity? 4 Doth c not he see my ways, and count all my steps? 5 Ifd I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit;

6 Let 1 me be weighed in an even balance, that God may know mine integrity.

7 If my step hath turned out of the way, and mine heart e walked after mine eyes, and if any blot hath cleaved to mine hands;

8 Then let me sow, and let another eat; yea, let my offspring be rooted out.

a Mat.5.28.
b Pr.6.25.

13 If I did despise the cause of my man-servant, or of my maidservant, when they contended with

me in balances of justice,

e Eze. 14.3-7.

f Le.20.10.

g Mal.3.5.

He. 13.4.

h Pr.22.2.

2 or, did he
not fashion

us in one

3 i. e. the

i De.24.13.

9 If mine heart have been deceiv-k ed by a woman; or if I have laid wait at my neighbour's door;

10 Then let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.

11 For this is an heinous crime; yea, it is fan iniquity to be punished by the judges.

12 For it is a fire that consumeth to destruction, g and would root out all mine increase.

4 or, the


Ps. 119. 120.

m 1Ti.6.17.


6 light.

8 my hand
hath kissed
my mouth.
n De. 17.2.7.

9 palate.

P Is.58.7.

q Ge.3.8, 12.
r Ex.23.2.


25 If I rejoiced because my wealth was great, and because mine hand had gotten much;

or,my sign

is that the Almighty will answer me.

26 If I beheld the 6 sun when it shined, or the moon walking 7 in brightness; ·

27 And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or 8 my mouth hath kissed my hand:

28 This also l were an iniquity to be punished by the judge: for I should have denied the God that is above. 29 If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:

30 (Neither have I suffered my 9 mouth to sin, o by wishing a curse to his soul.)

31 If the men of my tabernacle said not, O that we had of his flesh! we cannot be satisfied.

32 The stranger p did not lodge in the street; but I opened my doors to the 10 traveller.

33 If I covered my transgressions 11 as Adam, q by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom:

34 Did I fear a great multitude, r or did the contempt of families terrify me, that I kept silence, and went not out of the door?

He. 13.2. me; 14 What then shall I do when 10 or, way. God riseth up? and when he visit-11 or, after eth, what shall I answer him? the manner of men.

15 Did h not he that made me in the womb make him? and 2 did not one fashion us in the womb ?

16 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

17 Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof;

13 weep.

18 (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as with a father, and I have guided 3 her from my mother's womb ;)

19 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering;

14 strength.
15 or, the soul
of the own-
ers thereof
to expire,
or, breathe
16 or, noisome


20 If i his loins have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed fleece

Elihu is angry with Job and his three
1 to

with the have of my sheepy hand (CHAP. 32.) Sa these thre, because he was
against the fatherless, when I saw 1 from an-
my help in the gate:

22 Then let mine arm fall from


35 Oh that one would hear me ! behold, 12 my desire is, that the Almighty would answer me, and that mine adversary had written a book:

36 Surely I would take it upon my shoulder, and bind it as a crown to


37 I would declare unto him the number of my steps; as a prince would I go near unto him.

38 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof 13 complain;

39 If I have eaten the 14 fruits thereof without money, or have caused 15 the owners thereof to lose their life: s

40 Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and 16 cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

righteous in his own eyes.

2 Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu, the son of Barachel the

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