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Feast of tabernacles kept.
he was above all the people ;) and when he opened it, all the people stood g up.
B. C. 445.
6 And Ezra blessed h the LORD, the great God. And all the people answered, Amen, i Amen, with lifting k up their hands: and they bowed their heads, and worshipped the LORD with their faces to the ground.
7 Also Jeshua, and Bani, and She-m rebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and then Levites, caused m the people to understand the law: and the people stood in their place. 8 So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to understand n the reading.
h 2Ch.6.4. Co.14.16.
13 And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even 6 to understand the words of the law.
Ex. 12.27. 2Ch.20. 18. De.33.10. 2Ch. 17.7-9. Mal.2.7. Lu.24.27. Ac.S.30, &c. or, gover
9 And Nehemiah, which is the 5 Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught
Ro.7.9. r Ca.5.1.
the people, said unto all the people, Es.5.19,22. This o day is holy unto the LORD your God; mourn p not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard q the words of the law.
10 Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat r the fat, and drink the sweet, and send s portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for this day is holy unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; for the joy t of the LORD is your strength.
11 So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace, for the day is holy; neither be ye grieved.
Re. 11.10. t Ps. 149.2.
Is. 12.2.3. Joel 2.23. Phi.3.3. u Ps. 126.1-3. v Ro.7.1,8.
or, that they might instruct in.
7 by the
hand of. Le.23.34
z ch. 12 37,39. 2Ki. 14. 13.
12 And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth,u a2Ch.30.21. because v they had understood wb De.31.10the words that were declared unto them.
13. 8 restraint.
Ezr.9.2. 1 strange children, Ps. 144. 11. c ch.8.7,8.
14 And they found written in the law which the LORD had com- 2 or, scaffold. manded 7 by Moses, that the child-d Ps.3.4. ren of Israel should dwell in e Ps. 135.1,2. booths in the feast of the seventh f1Ch.29.13. g Ps. 16.2. 15 And that they should publish h Ps.86.10. and proclaim in all their cities, and Is.37.16. in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto i Ge.1.1. the mount, and fetch olive-branch- Ex.20.11. es, and pine-branches, and myrtle-1 Ps.36.6. branches, and palm-branches, and m Re.5.11-13. branches of thick trees, to make n Ge. 12.1. booths, as it is written.
k De. 10.14.
o Ge. 17.5.
p Ge. 15.6,18.
16 So the people went forth, and brought them, and made themselves booths, every one upon the roof
q Ps. 105.8.
The Levites' confession. of his house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the watergate, and z in the street of the gate of Ephraim.
17 And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very a great gladness.
18 Also b day by day from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a 8 solemn assembly, according unto the man
A solemn fast, and repentance of the people.
NOW in the twenty and fourth
day of this children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth a upon them.
2 And the seed of Israel separated themselves b from all 1 strangers, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers.
3 And they stood up in their place, and read c in the book of the law of the LORD their God one fourth part of the day; and another fourth part they confessed, and worshipped the LORD their God.
4 T Then stood up upon the 2 stairs, of the Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani, and cried d with a loud voice unto the LORD their God.
5 Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said, Stande up, and bless the LORD your God for ever and ever: and blessed ƒ be thy glorious name, which is exalted above g all blessing and praise.
6 Thou, h even thou art LORD alone; thou hast made i heaven, the heaven of heavens, k with all their hosts, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou / preservest them all; and the host m of heaven worshippeth thee.
7 Thou art the LORD the God, whon didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name o of Abraham;
8 And foundest his heart faithful p before thee, and madest a covenant q with him, to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the
Of God's goodness, and
NEHEMIAH, IX. Amorites, and the Perizzites, and B. C. 445. the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, andr Jos.23.14. hast performed 'r thy words; for thou art righteous:
t Ex. 14.10.
u Ex. VII-
9 And didst sees the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by t the Red sea;
10 And showedst signs u and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land for thou knowest that they dealt proudly v against them. So didst thou get thee a name, w as it is this day.
11 And r thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land; and their persecutors thou threwest into the deeps, as a stone into the mighty waters.
12 Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; y and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go.
y Ex. 13.21,
Ex.XX.&c. 3 laws of truth.
a Ex. 16. 14,
b Ex. 17.6.
13 Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them z right judgments and 3 true laws, good statutes and commandments: c De.31.27. 14 And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant: 15 And gavest them bread a from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water b for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst 4 sworn to give them.
h I3.63.11. 16 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened c their necks, i De.2.7. and hearkened not to thy com-k De.8.4. mandments, 1 Nu.21.21, &c.
17 And refused to obey, neither d
Ps.78.8,&c. d Ps.86.5,15.
e Nu. 14.4,
or, cisterns. 8 trees of food.
the people's wickedness.
20 Thou gavest also thy good h spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.
27 Therefore's thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies.
18 Yea, when ƒ they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations;
28 But after they had rest, they 9 did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thon heardest them from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them, according to thy mercies;
r 1 Ki. 18.4.
19 Yet thou in thy manifold mer- q Ps.50.17.
29 And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt
s Ps. 106.41.
thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a
21 Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, so that they lacked nothing; their k clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not.
22 Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan. 23 Their children also multipliedst thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest them into the land, concerning which thou hadst promised to their fathers, that they should go in to possess it.
24 So the children m went in and possessed the land, and n thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them 6 as they would.
25 And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, 7 wells digged, vine-yards, and olive-yards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, o and delighted themselves in thy great goodness.
26 Nevertheless they were dis obedient, p and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slewr thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations.
9 And the Levites: both Jeshua, the son of Azaniah, Binnui of the sons of Henadad, Kadmiel;
10 And their brethren, Shebaniah, Hodijah, Kelita, Pelaiah, Hanan, 11 Micha, Rehob, Hashabiah, 12 Zaccur, Sherebiah, Shebaniah, 13 Hodijah, Bani, Beninu.
14 The chief of the people; Parosh, c Pahath-moab, Elam, Zatthu, Baní,
15 Bunni, Azgad, Bebai, 16 Adonijah, Bigvai, Adin, 17 Ater, Hizkijah, Azzur, 18 Hodijah, Hashum, Bezai, 19 Hariph, Anathoth, Nebai, 20 Magpiash, Meshullam, Hezir, 21 Meshezabeel, Zadok, Jaddua, 22 Pelatiah, Hanan, Anaiah, 23 Hoshea, Hananiah, Hashub, 24 Hallohesh, Pileha, Shobek, 25 Rehum, Hashabnah, Maaseiah, 26 And Ahijah, Hanan, Anan, 27 Malluch, Harim, Baanah. 28 And d the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the porters, the singers, the Nethinims, and all they that had separated e themselves from the people of the lands unto the law f of God, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, every g one having knowledge, and having understanding;
The names of them
man do, he shall live in them;) and
32 Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all the 13 trouble seem little before thee, that hath 14 come upon us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time u of the kings of Assyria unto this day.
33 Howbeit thou art just v in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, butw we have done wickedly:
34 Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened z unto thy commandments and thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst testify y against them.
35 For z they have not served thee in their kingdom, and in thy great goodness that thou gavest them, and in the large and fat a land which thou gavest before them, neither turned they from their wicked works.
36 Behold, we are servants b this day, and for the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we are servants in it:
10 they gave
12 in the
hand of. 13 weariness. 14 found.
u 2Ki. 17.3.
v Ps. 119. 137.
w Ps. 106.6.
2 Ki. 17. 13.
15 are at the
1 at the
2 or, gover
29 They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, h to walk in God's law, which was given 3 by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes; 30 And that we would not give our daughters k unto the people of the land, nor take their daughters for our sons:
31 And if the people of the land bring ware, or any victuals, on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, l or on the holy-day: and that we would leave the m seventh year, and the exaction n of every 4 debt. 32 Also we made ordinances for Ezr.9 12,14. us, to charge ourselves yearly with 7 ch.13.15,&c. the third part of a shekel for Le.23.3. the service of the house of our God; De.5.12. 33 For the show-bread, o and for Is.58.13,14. the continual meat-offering, p and m Le,25.4. ch.5.1-13.
De. 15.2. 4 band.
q He. 10.11.
37 And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings c whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we are in great dis-3
The names of them that sealed the covenant.
TOW those 1 that sealed were Nehemiah, the 2Tirshatha, then son of Hachaliah, a and Zidkijah, 2 Seraiah, b Azariah, Jeremiah, 3 Pashur, Amariah, Malchijah, 4 Hattush, Shebaniah, Malluch, 5 Harim, Meremoth, Obadiah, 6 Daniel, Ginnethon, Baruch,
De.29. 12, 14.
38 And because of all this wek Ex.34.16. maked a sure covenant, and write it and our princes, Levites, and priests, 15 seal unto it.
for the q continual burnt-offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set-feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin-offerings, to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.
34 And we cast the lots among
Those that dwelt
the priests, the Levites, and the peo-| B. C. 445.
35 And to bring the first-fruits ut Le.6.12.
36 Also the first-born of our sons, and of our cattle, (as it is written v in the law,) and the firstlings of our herds and of our flocks, to bring to the house of our God, unto the priests that minister in the house of our God.
37 And that we should bring the first-fruits of our dough, w and our offerings, and the fruit r of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes y of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.
38 And the priest, the son of Aaron, shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, z into the treasure-house.
39 For the children of Israel and the children of Levi shall bring a the offering of the corn, of the new wine, and the oil, unto the chambers, where are the vessels of the sanctuary, and the priests that minister, and the porters, and the singers and b we will not forsake the house of our God.
A catalogue of those who dwelt at Jerusalem.
2 And the people blessed all the men, that willingly c offered themselves to dwell at Jerusalem.
AND the rulers of the people
dwelt at the rest
the people also cast lots, a to bring 1 or, Hagge
one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem, the holy b city, and nine parts to divell in other cities.
2 were over.
3 Now these are the chief of the province that dwelt in Jerusalem: k ch. 12.8. but in the cities of Judah dwelt every one in his possession in their cities, to wit, Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and thed Nethinims,and m Phi.4.6. the children of Solomon's servants. n ver.1. 4 And e at Jerusalem dwelt certain of the children of Judah, and 3 at the of the children of Benjamin. Of the children of Judah; Athaiah the son of Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son
I 1Ch. 16.4.
at Jerusalem. of Shephatiah, the son of Mahalaleel, of the children of Perez ;f
5 And Maaseiah the son of Baruch, the son of Col-hozeh, the son of Hazaiah, the son of Adaiah, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zechariah, the son of Shiloni.
6 All the sons of Perez that dwelt at Jerusalem were four hundred three score and eight valiant men. 7 And these are the sons of Benjamin, Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of Jesaiah.
8 And after him Gabbai, Sallai, nine hundred twenty and eight.
9 And Joel the son of Zichri was their overseer and Judah the son of Senuah was second over the city. 10 Of the priests: g Jedaiah the son of Joiarib, Jachin.
11 Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the sou of Ahitub, was the ruler of the house of God.
12 And their brethren, that did the work of the house, were eight hundred twenty and two: and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchiah,
13 And his brethren, chief of the fathers,two hundred forty and two: and Amashai the son of Azareel, the son of Ahasai, the son of Meshillemoth, the son of Immer,
14 And their brethren, mighty men of valour, an hundred twenty and eight: and their overseer was Zabdiel, the son of 1 one of the great men.
15 Also of the Levites; Shemaiah the son of Hashub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Bunni;
of the chief of the Levites, had 16 And Shabbethai and Jozabad,
the oversight h of the outward i business of the house of God.
17 And Mattaniah k the son of Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph, was the principal to begin the I thanksgiving in prayer: m and Bakbukiah the second among his brethren, and Abda the son of Shammua, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun.
18 All the Levites in the holy n city weretwohundred fourscore and four. 19 Moreover the porters, Akkub, Talmon, and their brethren kept the gates, o were an hundred seventy and two.
20 And the residue of Israel. of the priests and the Levites, were
Succession of high priests.
in all the cities of Judah, every one m his inheritance.
21 But p the Nethinims dwelt in p ch.3.26. 4 Ophel and Ziha and Gispa were 4 or, the over the Nethinims. tower.
22 The overseer also of the Le-q Ezr.6.8,9. vites at Jerusalem was Uzzi the son 7.20,&c. of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the 5 or, to a sure son of Mattaniah, the son of Micha. ordinance. Of the sons of Asaph, the singersr Ge.38.30, toere over the business of the house of God.
23 For q it was the king's comJaandment concerning them, that a certain portion should be for the singers, due for every day.
21 And Pethahiah the son of Meshezabeel,of the children of Zerah,r| the son of Judah, was at s the king's | hand in all matters concerning the people.
7 or, to.
25 And for the villages, with their fields, some of the children of Judah dwelt at Kirjath-arba, t and in
the villages thereof, and at Dibon, a Ezr.2.1,2. and in the villages thereof, and b ch.10.2-8. at Jekabzecl, and in the villages 1 or, Melicu, thereof,
26 And at Jeshua, and at Mola- 2 or, Shobadah, and at Beth-phelet,
27 And at Hazar-shual, and at Beer-sheba, and in the villages thereof,
28 And at Ziklag, and at Mekonah, and in the villages thereof, 29 And at En-rimmon, and at Zareah, and at Jarmuth,
30 Zanoah, Adullam, and in their villages, at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at Azekah, and in the villages thereof. And they dwelt from Beer-sheba u unto the valleyv of Hinnom.
31 The children also of Benjamin from Geba 7 dwelt at Michmash, and Aija, and Beth-el, and in their villages,
32 And at Anathoth, Nob, Ananiah, 33 Hazor, Ramah, Gittaim, 34 Hadid, Zeboim, Neballat, 35 Lod, and Ono, the valley w of craftsmen.
36 And of the Levites were divisions in Judah, and in Benjamin. CHAPTER XII.
The solemnity of the dedication of the walls.
v Jos. 15.8.
2 Amariah, 1 Malluch, Hattush, 3 2 Shechaniah, 3 Rehum, 4 Meremoth,
niah, ver. 14.
8 or, Sallai,
Certain chief Levites.
These were the chief of the priests and of their brethren, in the days of Jeshua. d
8 Moreover the Levites: Jeshua, Binnui, Kadmiel, Sherebiah, Judah, and Mattaniah,e which was over the thanksgiving, he and his brethren.
9 Also Bakbukiah and Unni, their brethren, were over against them in the watches.
10 And Jeshua begat Joiakim, Joiakim also begat Eliashib, and Eliashib begat Jolada,
11 And Joiada begat Jonathan, and Jonathan begat Jaddua.
12 And in the days of Joiakim were priests, the chief of the fathers of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah;
13 Of Ezra, Meshullam; of Amariah, Jehohanan;
14 Of Melicu, Jonathan; of Shebaniah, Joseph;
15 Of Harim, Adna; of Meraioth, Helkai;
16 Of iddo, Zechariah; of Ginnethon, Meshullam;
17 Of Abijah, Zichri; of Miniamin; of Moadiah, Piltai;
18 Of Bilgah, Shammua; of Shemaiah, Jehonathan;
19 And of Joiarib, Mattenai; of Jedaiah, Uzzi;
20 Of Sallai, Kallai; of Amok, Eber;
21 Of Hilkiah, Hashabiah; of Jedaiah, Nethaneel.
22 The Levites in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and Jaddua, were recorded chief of the fathers: also the priests, to the reign of Darius the Persian.
23 The sons of Levi, the chief of the fathers, were written ƒ in the book of the chronicles, even until the days of Johanan the son of Eliashib.
24 And the chief of the Levites: Hashabiah, Sherebiah, and Jeshua the son of Kadmiel, with their brethren over against them, to praise and to give thanks, according to the commandment of David the man of God, ward h over against ward.
25 Mattaniah, and Bakbukiah, Obadiah, Meshullam, Talmon, Ak
Now a these are the priests with ich.3.14.&c hub, were porters, keeping the ward
1Ch.XXIII at the 10 thresholds of the gates.
XXV. 26 These were in the days of Joia-
Jozadak, and in the days of Nehe
suries, or, assemblies. i ch.8.9.
miah i the governor, and of Ezra the priest, the scribe.
27 T And at the dedication of
4 Iddo, 5 Ginnetho, Abijah, c 56 Miamin, 7 Maadiah, Bilgah, k Ezr.7.6.11. the wall of Jerusalem they sought 6 Shemaiah, and Joiarib, Jedaiah, i Ps.50, title.the Levites out of all their places, 78 Sallu, Amok, Hilkiah, Jedaiah. I to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep