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Workmen prepared.

7 They gave money also unto the
masons, and to the 6 carpenters;
and meat, and drink, and oil, unto 6 or, work-
them of Zidon, and to them of men.
Tyre, to bring cedar trees from e 1Ki.5.6,9.
Lebanone to the sea of Joppa, ac-ƒ ch.6.3.
cording to the grant ƒ that they had
g ver.2.
of Cyrus king of Persia.

h 1Ch.23.24.
7 or. Hoda-

8 as one.

i Zec. 4. 10.

B. C. 535.

8 Now in the second year of their coming unto the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second. month, began g Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and the remnant of their brethren the priests and the Le-k1Ch.6.31, vites, and all they that were come out of the captivity unto Jerusalem; and appointed the Levites, from h twenty years old and upward, to set forward the work of the house of


&c. 16.4, &c. 25.1, &c. Ne. 12.24, &c.

4 Then the people of the land ƒ weakened the hands of the people of Judah, and troubled g them in building,

5 And hired counsellors h against 1Ch.16.34, all the days of Cyrus king of Perthem to frustrate their purpose, Ps.cxxxvi. Sia, even until the reign of Darius 145.1-11. king of Persia. Je.33.11.


m Re.21.10


6 And in the reign of 2 Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, wrote they unto him an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem. o Ps. 126.6. Je.31.8,9.

the LORD.

9 Then stood Jeshua with his sons and his brethren, Kadmiel and his sons, the sons of 7 Judah, 8 together, to set forward the workmen in the house of God: the sons of Henadad, with their sons and their n Hag.2.3. brethren the Levites.

10 And when the builders i laid the foundation of the temple of the LORD, they set the priests in their P Ps.5.11. apparel with trumpets, and the Le-9 Ju.2.5. vites the sons of Asaph with cymbals, to praise the LORD, after the ordinance of David king of Israel.

(CHAP. 4.)

b 2Ki.17.24,

11 And they sang together by course in praising and giving thanks unto the LORD; because he is good, for his mercy endureth for ever toward Israel. And all the people shouted with a great shout, when they praised the LORD, be- c2K1.19.37. cause the foundation m of the house d Ne.2.20. of the LORD was laid.



a ver.7,9.

1 sons of the


12 But n many of the priests and 3Jno.9,10.
Levites, and chief of the fathers, e ch.1.1-3.
who were ancient men, that had f Ne.6.9.
seen the first house, when the g ch.3.3.
foundation of this house was laidh Ac.24.1,&c.
before their eyes, wept o with a
loud voice; and many shouted p
aloud for joy:

2 Ahashve-

3 or,in peace.
13 So that the people could not
discern the noise of the shout of societies.
joy from the noise of the weeping qor, secre-
of the people for the people shout- tary.
ed with a loud shout, and the noise 6 societies.
was heard afar off.
i 2Ki. 17.30,

Letter to Artaxerxes.

you: for b we seek your God, as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto him since the days of Esarhaddon c king of Assur, which brought us up hither.


17 The decree of Artaxerxes. 23 The k Ro. 13.7. building is hindered.

7 Cheeneth.

Now when the adversaries a of



ver. 11,17. Judah and Benjamin that the 1 children of the captivity m Eze. 17.12builded the temple unto the LORD God of Israel;

21. 8 or, finished.

2 Then they came to Zerubbabel, 9 sewed togeand to the chief of the fathers, and ther. said unto them, Let us build with

3 But Zerubbabel, and Jeshua, and the rest of the chief of the fathers of Israel said unto them, Youd have nothing to do with us to build an house unto our God; but we ourselves together will build unto the LORD God of Israel, as king e Cyrus the king of Persia hath commanded us.

7 And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote 3 Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their 4 companions, unto Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the writing of the letter was written in the Syrian tongue, and interpreted in the Syrian tongue.

8 Rehum the chancellor and Shimshai the 5 scribe wrote a letter against Jerusalem to Artaxerxes the king in this sort:

9 Then wrote Rehum the chancellor, and Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their 6 companions; the Dinaites, i the Apharsathchites, the Tarpelites, the Apharsites, the Archevites, the Babylonians, the Susanchites, the Dehavites, and the Elamites.

[blocks in formation]

The building is hindered.

Letter to Darius.

the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, even unto them.

10 give.

will they not 10 pay toll, tribute,
n and custom, and so thou shalt en-
damage the 11 revenue of the kings.
14 Now, because we 12 have
maintenance from the king's palace, n ch.7.24.
and it was not meet for us to see 110r,strength.
the king's dishonour,therefore have
we sent and certified the king;

15 That search may be made in
the book of the records of thy fa-
thers: so shalt thou find in the
book of the records, and know that o Est.3.8.
this city is a rebellious city, and 13 made.
hurtful o unto kings and provinces,
and that they have 13 moved sedi-14 in the
tion 14 within the same of old time: midst
for which cause was this city de- thereof.
stroyed. p

2 Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem and with them were the prophets of God helping them. 3 At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shethar-boznai, and their companions, and said thus unto them, Who hath commanded you to build this house, and to make up this wall?

4 Then said we unto them after

16 We certify the king, that, if this P 2Ki.24.20. this manner, What are the names of


city be builded again, and the walls thereof set up, by this means thou shalt have no portion on this side the river.

the men that 1 make this building? 5 But the eye c of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, that they could not d cause them to cease, till the matter came to Darius: and then they returned e answer by letter concerning this matter.

17 Then sent the king an answer unto Rehum the chancellor, and to Shimshai the scribe, and to the rest of their 15 companions that dwell in Samaria, and unto the rest beyond the river, Peace, and at such a time.

12 are salted
with the
salt of the

B. C. 535.

15 societies.

16 by me a
decree is

24 Then ceased the work of the house of God, which is at Jerusalem. So it ceased unto the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.

92Ki. 18.7.

17 lifted up

r 1Ki.4.21,24.

18 The letterwhich ye sent unto us hath been plainly read before me. 19 And 16 I commanded, and search hath been made, and it is found that this city of old time hath 17 made insurrection against kings, and that rebellion and sedi- 19 arm. tion have been made therein.


Ge. 15. 18.
Jos. 1.3,4.

18 Make a


(CHAP. 5.)

20 There have been mighty kings also over Jerusalem, which r have a Hag. 1.1. ruled over all countries beyond sb Zec.1.1. the river; and toll, tribute, and custom was paid unto them.

21 18 Give ye now commandment to cause these men to cease, and that this city be not builded, until another commandment shall be given from me.

22 Take heed now that ye fail not to do this: why should damage grow to the hurt of the kings?

1 build.

c ch.7.6,28.

d Ps. 129.2-5.

23 Now when the copy of king e ch.6.6. Artaxerxes' letter was read before 2 in the midst Rehum, and Shimshai the scribe, and their companions, they went up in haste to Jerusalem, unto the Jews, and made them to cease by 19 force and power.


whereof. stones of rolling.

f ver.3,4.

g Da.3.26.

h 1Ki.6.1.

CHAPTER V. Zerubbabel and Jeshua set forward k 2Ki.24.2. the building of the temple.




the prophet, and Zechariah b the son of Iddo, prophesied untol

7 ch.1 1-8.

6 The copy of the letter that Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shethar-boznai, and his companions the Apharsachites, which were on this side the river, sent unto Darius the king:

7 They sent a letter unto him, 2 wherein was written thus; Unto Darius the king, all peace.

8 Be it known unto the king, that we went into the province of Judea, to the house of the great God, which is builded with 3 great stones, and timber is laid in the walls, and this work goeth fast on, and prospereth in their hands.

9 Then asked f we those elders, and said unto them thus, Who commanded you to build this house, and to make up these walls? 10 We asked their names also, to certify thee, that we might write the names of the men that were the chief of them.

11 And thus they returned us answer, saying, We are the servants g of the God of heaven and earth, and build the house that was builded these many years ago, which a great king of Israel h builded and set up.

12 But after i that our fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath, he gave them k into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, the Chaldean, who destroyed the house, and carried the people away into Babylon.

13 But in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon, the same king Cyrus made a decree to build this house of God.

14 And the vessels also of gold

Decree of Cyrus

and silver of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took m out of the temple that was in Jerusa-m Je.52.19. lem, and brought them into then Hag.1.14. temple of Babylon, those did Cyrus the king take out of the temple of 4 or, deputy. Babylon, and they were delivered 0 ch.3.8, 10. unto one n whose name was Sheshbazzar, whom he had made 4 goverp ch.6.15.


q ch.6.1,2.
(CHAP. 6.)

a ch.5.17.
1 books.


15 And said unto him, Take these vessels, go, carry them into the temple that is in Jerusalem, and let the house of God be builded in his place.


for building the temple.

B. C. 519.7 Let g the work of this house of God alone; let the governor of the Jews and the elders of the Jews build this house of God in his place. 8 Moreover 61 make a decree what ye shall do to the elders of these Jews for the building of this house of God: that of the king's goods, even of the tribute beyond the river, forthwith expenses be given unto these men, that they be not 7 hindered.

2 made to
or, Ecba-
tana, or, in
a coffer.

b 2Ch.36.22,


16 Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid o the foundation 3 of the house of God which is in Jerusalem and since that time even until now hath it been in building, and yet p it is not finished. 17 Now therefore, if it seem good c Ps. 122.4. to the king, let there be search q d 1Ki.6.36. made in the king's treasure-house, e ch. 1.7,8. which is there at Babylon, whether] 5.14. it be so, that a decree was made of Da.5.2. Cyrus the king to build this house 4 go. of God at Jerusalem, and let the fch.5.3. king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter.

5 their so



[blocks in formation]

g Ac.5.38,39. by me a decree is made.


in the house of the 1 rolls, where the treasures were 2 laid up in Babylon.

8 of rest. k Ti.2.1,2.

9 destroyed.

2 And there was found at 3 Achmetha, in the palace that is in the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein was a record thus written: 3 In the first year of Cyrus the king the same Cyrus the king made a decree concerning b the house of God at Jerusalem, Let the house be builded, the place c where they offered sacrifices, and let the foundations thereof be strongly m 1Ki.9.3. laid; the height thereof threescore n Ps. 137.8,9. cubits, and the breadth thereof Ob.10. threescore cubits; 0 ch. 5.1,2. 10 decree,

1 Da.2.5.

p ver.3.


4 With d three rows of great stones, and a row of new timber: and let the expenses be given out of the king's house: 5 And also let the golden andr ch.7.1. silver vesselse of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took forth out of the temple which is at Jerusalem, and 4 brought unto Babylon, be restored, and brought again unto the temple which is at Jerusalem, every one to his place, and placet them in the house of God.

6 Now therefore, Tatnai, f governor beyond the river, Shetharboznai, and 5 your companions the Apharsachites, which are beyond the river, be ye far from thence:

made to


h Is.49.23. i ch.7.23. Je.29.7.

11 sons of the transportation, ch.4.1.

s 1Ki.8.63. 2Ch.7.5. ver.22. Ne.8.10.


Ps. 122.1.

ch.8.35. 1Ch.24.1.

9 And that which they have need of, both young bullocks, and rams, and lambs, for the burnt-offerings of the God of heaven, wheat, salt, wine, and oil, according to the appointment of the priests which are at Jerusalem, let it be h given them day by day without fail:

10 That i they may offer sacrifices 8 of sweet savours unto the God of heaven, and pray for k the life of the king, and of his sons.

11 Also I have made a decree, that whosoever shall alter this word, let timber be pulled down from his house, and being set up, let him be 9 hanged thereon; and let his house be made a dunghill for this.

12 And the God that hath caused his name m to dwell there destroy n all kings and people that shall put to their hand to alter and to destroy this house of God which is at Jerusalem. I Darius have made a decree; let it be done with speed. 13 Then Tatnai, governor on this side the river, Shethar-boznai, and their companions, according to that which Darius the king had sent, so they did speedily.

14 And o the elders of the Jews builded,and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of lado. And they builded, and finished it, according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the 10 commandment of Cyrus, p and Darius, q and Artaxerxes king r of Persia.

15 And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king.

16 T And the children of Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the rest of the 11 children of the captivity, kept s the dedication of this house of God with joy.t

17 And offered u at the dedication of this house of God an hundred bullocks, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs; and for a sin-offering for all Israel, twelve he-goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel.

18 And they set the priests v in

Ezra goeth to Jerusalem.

their divisions, and the Levites w in their courses, for the service of God, which is at Jerusalem; 12 as it is written z in the book of Moses. 19 And the children of the captivity kept the passover upon the fourteenth day y of the first month. 20 For the priests and the Levites were purified z together, all of them were pure, and killed a the passover for all the children of the captivity, and for their brethren the priests, and for themselves.

CHAPTER VII. The gracious commission of Artaxerxes to Ezra.

OW after these things, in the

a of

Persia, Ezra the son of Seraiah, b the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah,

2 The son of Shallum, the son of Zadok, the son of Ahitub,

3 The son of Amariah, the son of Azariah, the son of Meraioth,

4 The son of Zerahiah, the son of Uzzi, the son of Bukki,

5 The son of Abishua, the son of Phinehas, c the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron d the chief priest:

EZRA, VII. B. C. 457.

w 1Ch.23.6. 12 according

6 This Ezra went up from Babylon; and he was a ready scribe e in the law of Moses, which the LORD God of Israel had given: and the king granted him all his request, according f to the hand of the LORD his God upon him.

to the

writing. x Nu.3.6.

21 And the children of Israel, which were come again out of captivity, and all such as had separated themselves unto them from the filthiness b of the heathen of the land, to seek the LORD God of Israel, did eat,

22 And kept the feast c of unleavened bread seven days with joy: for the LORD had made them joyful, and turned the heart d of the king of Assyria unto them, to d He.5.4. strengthen their hands in the work ever. 11,12,21. of the house of God, the God of Is-f ver.9. rael.


8.9. y Ex. 12.6. z 2Ch.30.15.

a 2Ch.35.11.

b ch.9.11.

c Ex. 12. 15.




1 Co.5.7,8. d ver. 6.

Pr.21.1. (CHAP. 7.) a Ne.2.1.


c Nu.25.11

ch.8.22,31. Ne.2.8,18. Pr.3.6.

g ch.8.1,15,


h Ch.2.43.

1 was the foundation of the going up. ver.6.

k 2Ch.19.3. Ps. 119.45.

m De. 16.12.
n De.33.10.
o Eze.26.7.

2 or, to Ezra
the priest, a
scribe of
the law of
the God of

7 And g there went up some of the children of Israel, and of the priests, and the Levites, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinims, h unto Jerusalem, in the se-p venth year of Artaxerxes the king.

heaven, peace, &c. from before the king. Es.1.14. Ps.68.29. 8 And he came to Jerusalem in the 76.11. fifth month, which was in the r 2Ch.6.2. seventh year of the king.


9 For upon the first day of the first

Ps.9.11. 26.8. 135.21.

month I began he to go up from 8 ch.8.25. Babylon, and on the first day of the ICh.29.6,9. fifth month came he to Jerusalem,u Nu.15.4-13. according to the good hand of his v De. 12.5-11. God upon him. 10 For Ezra had prepared k his heart to seek the law of the LORD,

w Ep.5.17. cors.

Artaxerxes' letter to Ezra.

and to do m it, and to teach n in Israel statutes and judgments. 11 T Now this is the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto Ezra the priest, the scribe, even a scribe of the words of the commandments of the LORD, and of his statutes to Israel.

12 Artaxerxes, king o of kings, 2 unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a time.

13 I make a decree, that all they of the people of Israel, and of his priests and Levites, in my realm, which are minded of their own free will to go up to Jerusalem, go with thee.

14 Forasmuch as thou art sent 3 of the king, and of his seven p counsellors, to inquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem, according to the law of thy God' which is in thine hand;

15 And to carry the silver and gold, which g the king and his counsellers have freely offered unto the God of Israel, whose habitation r is in Jerusalem,

16 And s all the silver and gold that thou canst find in all the province of Babylon, with the freewill-offering of the people, and of the priests, offering t willingly for the house of their God which is in Jerusalem:

17 That thou mayest buy spee with this money bullocks, rams, lambs, with their meat-offerings u and their drink-offerings, and offer them upon the v altar of the house of your God which is in Jerusalem. 18 And whatsoever shall seem good to thee, and to thy brethren, to do with the rest of the silver and the gold, that dow after the will of your God.

19 The vessels also that are given thee for the service of the house of thy God, those deliver thou before the God of Jerusalem.

20 And whatsoever more shall be needful for the house of thy God, which thou shalt have occasion to bestow, bestow it out of the king's treasure-house.

21 And I, even I, Artaxerxes the king, do make a decree to all the treasurers which are beyond the river, that whatsoever Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, shall require of you, it be done speedily,

22 Unto an hundred talents of silver,and to an hundred 4 measures of wheat, and to an hundred baths of wine, and to an hundred baths of oil, and salt without prescribing how much.

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Those who returned

23 Whatsoever is 5 commanded zi by the God of heaven, let it be diligently y done for the house of the God of heaven: for why should there be wrath against the realm | of the king and his sons?

26 And whosoever will not do the law of thy God, and the law of the king, let judgment be executed speedily upon him, whether it be unto death, or to 6 banishment, or to confiscation of goods, or to imprisonment.

27 T Blessed b be the LORD God of our fathers, which hath put c such a thing as this in the king's heart, to beautify the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem:

24 Also we certify you, that touching any of the priests and Levites, singers, porters, Nethinims, or ministers of this house of God, it, shall not be lawful to impose toll, tribute, or custom, upon them.

25 And thou, Ezra, after the wis-
dom of thy God that is in thine!
hand, set magistrates z and judges,
which may judge all the people
that are beyond the river, all such
as know the laws of thy God; and c ch.6.22.
teach a ye them that know them

d ch.9.9.
e ver.6.

The companions of Ezra, who return-
ed from Babylon.
HESE are now the


Ttheir fathers, and this is the genealogy of them that went up with me from Babylon, in the reign of Artaxerxes the king.

B. C. 457.

2 Of a the sons of Phinehas; Gershom of the sons of Ithamar; Daniel: of the sons of David; Hattush.b 3 Of the sons of Shechaniah, of the sons of Pharosh; c Zechariah: and with him were reckoned by genealogy of the males an hundred and fifty.

4 Of the sons of Pahath-moab; Elihoenai the son of Zerahiah, and with him two hundred males.

5 Of the sons of Shechaniah; the son of Jehaziel, and with him three hundred males.

6 Of the sons also of Adin; Ebed the son of Jonathan, and with him fifty males.

7 And of the sons of Elam; Jeshaiah the son of Athaliah, and with him seventy males.

8 And of the sons of Shephatiah;

of the

x ver. 18.

y Ps. 119.4.


a ver. 10.
Ro. 10. 14-17.

6 rooting out.
b 1Ch.29.10.

(CHAP. 7.) a 1Ch.6.4,&c.

b 1Ch.3.22.

c ch.2.3.

28 And d hath extended mercy unto me before the king, and his counsellors, and before all the king's mighty princes. And I was strengthened as e the hand of the LORD my 3 or, pitched. God was upon me, and I gathered together out of Israel chief men to d ch.7.7. go up with me.

e 1Ch.12.32.



1 or,youngest


or, Zaccur,

as some


k 2Ch.20.3.

Le. 16.29.

23.29. Is.58.3,5. Joel 2.13.

16 Then sent I for Eliezer, for Ariel, for Shemaiah, and for Elnathan, and for Jarib, and for Elnathan, and for Nathan, and for Zechariah, and for Meshullam, chief men; also for Joiarib, and for Elnathan, men of understanding.e

17 And I sent them with commandment unto Iddo the chief at the

place Casiphia, and 4 I told them

what they should say unto Iddo, and to his brethren the Nethinims, at the place Casiphia, that they should bring f unto us ministers for 4 I put words the house of our God. in their mouth, 2Sa, 14.3,19. f Tit. 1.5. Ne.8.7. 9.4,5. h ch.2.43. Phi.4.3.

18 And by the good hand of our God upon us they g brought us a man of understanding, of the sons of Mahli, the son of Levi, the son of Israel; and Sherebiah, with his sons and his brethren, eighteen;

19 And Hashabiah, and with him Jeshaiah of the sons of Merari, his brethren and their sons, twenty;

n Ps.8.2.

Mar. 10. 13,


with Ezra. Zebadiah the son of Michael, and with him fourscore males.

9 Of the sons of Joab; Obadiah the son of Jehiel, and with him two hundred and eighteen males.

o ICo.9.15.

10 And of the sons of Shelomith; the son of Josiphiah, and with him an hundred and threescore males.

11 And of the sons of Bebai; Zechariah the son of Bebai, and with him twenty and eight males.

12 And of the sons of Azgad; Johanan the son of Hakkatan, and with him an hundred and ten males.

13 And of the last sons of Adonikam, whose names are these, Eliphelet, Jeiel, and Shemaiah, and with them threescore males.

14 Of the sons also of Bigvai; Uthai, and 2 Zabbud, and with them seventy males.

m Ps.5.8.

Je. 10.23.

21 T Then I proclaimed a fast & 143.8, 10. there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God, to m seek of him a right way for us, and for our n little ones, and for all our substance.

15 And I gathered them together to the river that runneth to Ahava; and there 3 abode we in tents three days and I viewed the people and the priests, and found there none d of the sons of Levi.

20 Also of the Nethinims, h whom David and the princes had appointed for the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Nethinims: all of them were expressed by name.i

22 For o I was ashamed to require of the king a band of soldiers and horsemen to help us against the enemy in the way: because we had spoken unto the king, saying, The

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