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2 And moreover 1 in time past, even when Saul was king, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD thy God said unto thee, Thou shalt 2 feed b my people Israel, and thou shalt be ruler over my people Israel.





11 T And when all Jabesh-gilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul,

12 They arose, all the valiant men,
and took away the body of Saul,
and the bodies of his sons, and
brought them to Jabesh, and buried
their bones under the oak in Ja-2 rule.
besh, and fasted seven days.

b Pr.78.71.
by the
hand of.

13 So Saul died for his trans-
gression which he committed
against the LORD, even d against
the word of the LORD, which he e 1Sa. 16.1,12.
kept not, and also for asking cound
sel e of one that had a familiar spi-1
rit, to inquire of it;

Ju. 1.21.

19.10. 4 head.

14 And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned f the kingdom unto David the son of 7 Jesse.


(CHAP. 11.)
a 2Sa.5. 1,&c.
both yes-
and the

third day.


6 revived.

David by a general consent is made went in king at Hebron. going and increasing.

HEN all Israel

Tthemselves to David unto He-8 bron, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.

or, held

with him.

3 Therefore came all the elders of Israel to the king to Hebron; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD 3 by Samuel.c

4 And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus; d' where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land.

5 And the inhabitants of Jebus said to David, Thou shalt not come hither. Nevertheless David took the castle of Zion which is the city of David.

5 i. e. Zion,



1Sa. 16.1,12. or, son of Hachmoni.

1Sa. 17.1.

11 or, stood.
12 or, salva-

13 or, three
over the

f 2Sa.23.13,

15 Now 13 three of the thirty captains went down f to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim.g 16 And David was then in the hold, and the Philistines' garrison was 10 or, Ephes-17 And David longed, h and said, then at Beth-lehem. Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, that is at the gate!

6 And David said, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be 4 chief and captain. So Joab the m son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief.

g ch.14.9.

h Ps. 107.5.


k Le. 17.10,11.

14 with their


7 Ju.5.18.

His mighty men.

7 And David dwelt in the castle, therefore they called 5 it the city of David.

8 And he built the city round about, even from Millo round about: and Joab 6 repaired the rest of the city.

9 So David 7 waxed greater and greater for the LORD of hosts was with him.

9.17. 1Sa. 19.5.


10 T These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who 8 strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word e of the LORD concerning Israel.

11 And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had; Jashobeam, 9 an Hachmonite, the chief of the captains: he lifted up his spear against three hundred slain by him at one time.

12 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighties.

13 He was with David at 10 Pasdanmim, and there the Philistines were gathered together to battle, where was a parcel of ground full of barley, and the people fled from before the Philistines.

14 And they 11 set themselves in the midst of that parcel, and delivered it, and slew the Philistines; and the LORD saved them by a great 12 deliverance.

18 And the three brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: but David would not drink of it, but poured it i out to the LORD,

19 And said, My God forbid it me, that I should do this thing: shall I drink the blood k of these men 14 that have put their lives in jeopardy? for with the jeopardy of their lives they brought it. Therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mightiest.

20 T And m Abishai the brother of Joab, he was chief of the three: for lifting up his spear against &c. three hundred, he slew them, and had a name among the three.

A catalogue of

21 Of the three, he was more ho- B. C. 1048. nourable than the two, for he was their captain: howbeit he attained 15 great of

not to the first three.



22 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, 15 who had done many acts; he slew two lion-like men of Moab: also he went down and slew a lion in a pit in a snowy day,

23 And he slew an Egyptian, al man of 16 great stature, five cubits; high; and in the Egyptian's hand 19 or, Pallite, was a spear like a weaver's beam; and he went down to him with a

staff, and plucked the spear out of

the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own n spear.

21 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among the three mighties.

33 Azmaveth the Baharumite, Eliahba the Shaalbonite,

39 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite, the armour-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah, 40 Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 41 Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai.

45 Jedinel the 32 son of Shimri, and
Joha his brother, the Tizite,
46 Eliel the Maliavite, and Jeribai,
and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam,
and Ithmah the Moabite,

47 Eliel, and Obed, and Jasiel the
13 or, Harod-Mesobaite.

25 Behold, he was honourable among the thirty, but attained not to the first three: and David set him over his guard.

26 Also the valiant men of the armies were, Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Beth-lehem,

27 17 Shammoth the 18 Harorite, Helez the 19 Pelonite,

28 Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abi-ezer the Antothite,

29 20 Sibbecai the Hushathite, 21 Ilai the Ahohite,

30 Maharai the Netophathite, 22 Heled the son of Baanah the Netophathite,

31 Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah, that pertained to the children 32 or, Shimof Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite,


32 23 Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, 24 Abiel the Arbathite,

42 Adina the son of Shiza the Reu

benite, a captain of the Reubenites, and thirty with him.

16 measure.

n 1Sa. 17.51.
17 or, Sham-

43 Hanan the son of Maachah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite,


The companies that came to David at


20 or, Mebun NOW a these are they that came

to David to


1 while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war.

2 They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left b in hurling stones and shooting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul's brethren of Benjamin. 3 The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of 2 Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; and Berachah, and Jehu the Antothite,

4 And Ismaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; and Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Josabad the Gederathite,

21or, Zalmon.
22 or, Hleb.
23 or, Hiddai.

24 or, Abi-
25 or, Jashen,

26 or, Sharar.
27 or, Eli-

23 or, Ahas


5 Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite,

6 Elkanah, and Jesiah, and Azareel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korhites,

7 And Joelah, and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gador.

(CHAP. 12.)
1 being yet
shut up.

34 The sons of 25 Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shage the Hararite,

8 And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David, into the hold to the wilderness, men of might, and men 3 of war fit for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were 4 as

Ju.20.16. 2 or, Hasmaah.


35 Ahiam the son of 26 Sacar the Hararite, 27 Eliphal the son of 3 of the host. swift as the roes c upon the moun28 Ur, 4 as the roes 36 Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahiupon the jah the Pelonite, mountains to make haste.

37 29 Hezro the Carmelite, 30 Naarai the son of Ezbai, 38 Joel the brother of Nathan, c 2Sa.2.18. Mibhar 31 the son of Haggeri,


David's mighty men.

| 44 Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel the sons of Hothan the Aroerite,

29 or, Hezrai.
30 or, Paarai
the Arbite.
31 or, the

5 or, one that
was least
could resist
an hun-
dred, and
the greatest
a thousand.
6 filled over.

d Jos.3.15.

9 Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third,

10 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth,

11 Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12 Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth,

13 Jeremiah the tenth, Machbanai the eleventh.

14 These were of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: 5 one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand.

15 These are they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had 6 overflown d all his banks; and they put to flight all them of

The number of


David's men of war.

16 And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David.

the valleys, both toward the east, B. C. 1048. greatest part of them had kept and toward the west. the ward of the house of Saul. 30 And of the children of Ephraim, twenty thousand and eight hundred, mighty men of valour, 17 famous throughout the house of their fathers.

17 And David went out 7 to meet 8 be one. them, and answered and said unto 9 or, violence. them, If ye be come peaceably unto 'me to help me, mine heart shall 8 be knit unto you: but if ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, seeing there is no 9 wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look thereon and rebuke it.

18 Then the spirit 10 came upon e Amasai, who was chief of the captams, and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

22 For at that time, day by day, there came to David to help him, until it was a great host, like the host of God.

7 before


23 And these are the numbers of the 13 bands that were ready armed to the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn h the kmgdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.

10 clothed,

24 The children of Judah that bare shield and spear were six thousand and eight hundred, ready 14 armed to the war.

e 2Sa. 17.25.


11 on our

19 And there fell some of Manasseh to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle: but they helped them not: for the lords of the Philistines, upon advisement, sent him away, saying, He will fall to his master Saul 11 to the jeopardy of our heads.

k 2Sa.2.8.9.

20 As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, 16 a multicaptains of the thousands that were tude. of Manasseh.

with a band.

g 1Sa.30.1-10. 13 heads, or,

captains, or, men.

12 or,

21 And they helped David 12against the band g of the rovers for 1 men of they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host.


h ch.11.1.

14 or, pre-

15 brethren.

I Es. 1.13.

Ja.3. 13, 17.
18 or,rangers
of battle,
or, ranged
in battle.

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20 without a
heart and
a heart,
Ps. 12.2.

(CHAP. 13.)
1 break forth,
and sind.

31 And of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, which were expressed by name, to come and make David king.

32 And of the children of Issachar, which I were men that had understanding of the times to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment.

33 Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, 18 expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand, were 20 not of double heart. which could 19 keep rank: they

34 And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them, with shield and spear, thirty and seven thousand.

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25 Of the children of Simeon,
mighty men of valour for the war,
seven thousand and one hundred. 21 or, keeping there was joy in Israel,
26 Of the children of Levi, four
thousand and six hundred.


their rank,
Joel 2.7.

David fetcheth the ark from Kirjath-

27 And Jehoiada was the leader of

the Aaronites, and with him were 22 or, victual

of meal.

three thousand and seven hundred;
28 And Zadok, i a young man
mighty of valour, and of his father's
house twenty and two captains.
29 And of the children of Benja-
min, the 15 kindred of Saul, three
thousand: for hitherto k 16 the

40 Moreover they that were nigh them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and 22 meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for

ND David consulted with the

A captains of thousands and hun

dreds, and with every leader. 2 And David said unto all the congregation of Israel, If it seem good unto you, and that it be of the LORD jour God, let us 1 send abroad unto Four brethren every where, that are

Death of Uzza.

left a in all the land of Israel, and with them also to the priests and Levites which are in 2their cities and suburbs, that they may gather themselves unto us:


7 And they 4 carried the ark of God in a new cart out of the house of g Abinadab: and Uzza and Ahio drave the cart.

The Philistines smitten.

C. 1058. up on high, because of his people


3 And let us bring 3 again the ark of our God to us: for b we inquired not at it in the days of Saul. 4 And all the congregation said 3 about. that they would do so for the thing was right in the eyes of all b 1Sa.7.1,2. the people.

5 Soc David gathered all Israel c 28a.6. 1,&c. together, from Shihord of Egypt d Jos. 13.3. even unto the entering of Hemath, Je.2.18. to bring the ark of God from Kirjath-jearim.

6 And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, e that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the LORD, that dwelleth f between the cherubims, whose name is called on it.

13 So David 9 brought not the ark home to himself to the city of David, but carried it aside into the house of Obed-edom the Gittite.


2 His

2 the cities

of their

7 And Elishama, and 2 Beeliada, and Eliphalet.

8 T And when the Philistines heard that David was anointed king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek David. And David heard of it, and went out against them.


9 And the Philistines came and spread themselves c in the valley h 2 Sa.6.5,&c. of Rephaim.

10 And David inquired of God, saying, Shall I go up against the Philistines? and wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto him, Go up; for I will deliver them into thine hand. 11 So they came up to Baal-pera

8 And David and all Israel played before God with all their might, and with 5 singing, and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, i ch. 15.13,15. zim; and David smote them there. and with cymbals, and with trumpets.

Nu.4. 15.

9T And when they came unto the threshing-floor of 6 Chidon, Uzza put forth his hand to hold the ark; for the oxen 7 stumbled.

Then David said, God hath broken in upon mine enemies by mine hand, like the breaking forth of waters: therefore they called the name of that place 3 Baal-perazim. 12 And when they had left their gods there, David gave a commandment, and they were burned with fire.

10 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzza, and he smote him, because he put his hand to the ark: and there he died before God.

13 And the Philistines yet againd spread themselves abroad in the

11 And David was displeased, be- (CHAP. 14.)

a 2Sa.5.11,&c.

cause the LORD had made a breach upon Uzza: wherefore that place is called Perez-uzza to this day. 12 And David was afraid of God that day, saying, How shall I bring the ark of God home to me?

e Jos. 15.9,60.

f 1Sa.4.4.

4 made the
ark to ride.

5 songs.

6 called
25a 6.6,
shook it.

k Le.10.2.


i. e. The
breach of

9 removed.



b ch.3.5,&c.

2 or, Eliada,

c ch.11.15.

3 i.e. a place
of breaches.

14 And the ark of God remained
with the family of Obed-edom in
his house three months. And the
LORD blessed the house of Obed-
edom, and all that he had.
1 Hiram's kindness to David.
OW a Hiram king of Tyre sent f Jos.6.27.
messengers to David, and tim-
ber of cedars, with masons and car-
penters, to build him an house.

2 And David perceived that the g De.2.25. LORD had confirmed him king over Israel, for his kingdom was lifted


d ver.9.

e 2Sa.5.25,

2Ch 26.8.
Ps. 18.44.


And David took 1 more wives at Jerusalem and David begat more sons and daughters.

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The ark brought from

1 CHRONICLES, XVI. the house of Obed-edom. a place for the ark of God, and B. C. 1045. | Ben, and Jaaziel, and Shemirapitched for it a a tent.

2 Then David said, 1 None bought to carry the ark of God but the Levites for them hath the LORD chosen to carry the ark of God, and to minister unto him for ever.

moth, and Jehiel, and Unni, Eliab, and Benaiah, and Maaseiah, and Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obed-edom, and Jeiel, the porters.

3 And David gathered all Israel together to Jerusalem, to bring up c the ark of the LORD unto his place, which he had prepared for it.

b Nu.4.2-15.

4 And David assembled the child-
ren of Aaron, and the Levites :
5 of the sons of Kohath; Uriel the
chief, and his 2 brethren an hun-2 or, kins
dred and twenty.

De. 10.8.
c ch. 13.5.


d Ex.6.22.

e Ex.6.18.

6 Of the sons of Merari; Asaiah chief, and his brethren two hundred and twenty. 7 Of the sons of Gershom; Joel f2Ch.5.11. the chief, and his brethren an hundred and thirty.

8 Of the sons of Elizaphan; d Shemaiah the chief, and his brethren two hundred.

9 Of the sons of Hebron; e Eliel the chief, and his brethren four


g ch.13.9.10.

h 2Ch. 13. 17-

11 And David called for Zadok k 2Ch.5.13. and Abiathar the priests, and for 1 ch.6.33. the Levites, for Uriel, Asaiah, and ch.6.39. Joel, Shemaiah, and Eliel, and Amminadab,

n ch.6.44.


10 Of the sons of Uzziel; Ammin-i adab the chief, and his brethren an hundred and twelve.

(CHAP. 15.)

a ch.16.1.
1 It is not to

12 And said unto them, Ye are the chief of the fathers of the Levites: sanctify yourselves, both ye and your brethren, that ye may bring up the ark of the LORD God of Is-4 rael unto the place that I have prepared for it.

13 For because ye did it not at the first, the LORD our God made a breach g upon us, for that we sought him not after the due order.h

14 So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel. 15 And the children of the Levites bare the ark of God upon their shoulders with the staves thereon, as Moses i commanded according to the word of the LORD.

16 And David spake to the chief of the Levites to appoint their brethren to be the singers with instruments of music, psalteries and harps and cymbals, sounding, by lifting k up the voice with joy.

18 And with them their brethren of the second degree, Zechariah,

carry the
ark of God,
but for the

3 Jaaziel,

ver. 18.


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o Ps.46, title.
or, eighth

to oversee,
Ps.6, title.
or, was for

the car



19 So the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, were appointed to sound with cymbals of brass;

20 And Zechariah, and 3 Aziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, and Eliab, and Maaseiah, and Benaiah, with psalteries on Alamoth; o

21 And Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obed-edom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps on the 4 Sheminith to excel.

riage: he

about the

lifting up.
Nu. 10.8.


Joel 2.1, 15. 728.6.15,&c.


7 or, car-
r ch. 13.8.

29 And it came to pass, as the
ark of the covenant of the LORD
came to the city of David, that
Michal the daughter of Saul look-
Ez.3.10,11. ing out at a window saw king Da-
Ps.47.1,&c. vid dancing s and playing: and she
despised him t in her heart.

68.25. 98.4-6. 150.3-5.

17 So the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brethren, Asaph m the son of Bere-s Ps. 149.3. chiah; and of the sons of Merari Ec.3.4.

their brethren, Ethan n the son of t Ps.69.7-9.So

22 And Chenaniah, chief of the Levites, 5 was for 6 song: he instructed about the song, because he was skilful.

23 And Berechiah and Elkanah were door-keepers for the ark.

24 And Shebaniah, and Jehoshaphat, and Nethaneel, and Amasai, and Zechariah, and Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, did blow p with the trumpets before the ark of God: and Obed-edom and Jehiah were door-keepers for the ark.

25 So q David, and the elders of Israel, and the captains over thousands, went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the house of Obed-edom with joy. 26 And it came to pass, when God helped the Levites that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, that they offered seven bullocks and seven rams.

27 And David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, and all the Levites that bare the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the master of the 7 song, with the singers: David also had upon him an ephod of linen.

28 Thus r all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouting, and with sound of the cornet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps.

1 David's festival sacrifice: 7 His
psalm of thanksgiving.
they brought the ark of God,

and set it in the midst of the (CHAP. 16.) tent that David had pitched for it: a 2Sa.6. 17-19. and they offered burnt-sacrifices and peace-offerings before God.

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