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Orpah leaveth Naomi.

14 And they lifted up their voice, and wept again. And Orpah kissed her mother-in-law; but Ruthi Pr. 17. 17. clave i unto her. k Ju.11.24.

6 Be not against me. m 2K1.2.2,6. Lu.24.28, 29.

15 And she said, Behold, thy sis-1 Jos.24.15. ter-in-law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods: k return / thou after thy sister-in-law. 16 And Ruth said, 6 Entreat me not to leave m thee, or to return from following after thee: for whether thon goest, I will go; and n ch.2.11,12. where thou lodgest, I will lodge:o 1Sa.3.17. thy n people shall be my people, and thy God my God: 17 Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the o LORD do so to me, and more also, if aught but p death part thee and


18 When q she saw that she 7 was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking unto her.

19 So they two went until they came to Beth-lehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Beth-lehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this r Naomi ?

20 And she said unto them, Call me not 8 Naomi, call me 9 Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.

RUTH, II. B. C. 1322.

CHAPTER II Ruth gleaneth in the fields of Boaz. AND Naomi had a kinsman a of

her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was 1 Boaz.

P Ac.20.24.

9 Ac.21. 14. strengthened herself.

r Is.23.7. Lam.2.15.

8 that is, pleasant. 9 that is, bitter.

s Job 1.21.

(CHAP. 2.) a ch.3.2,12.

1 called

Booz, Mat.1.5. b Lev. 19.9. De.24.19. happened.

211 went out full, and the LORD S hath brought me home again empty: why then call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified c Ps. 129.7,8. against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me.

Luke 1.28. 2Th.3.16.

22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, which returned out of the Country of Moab: and they came to Beth-lehem in the beginning of barley-harvest.

d 1Ti.6.2.

Cant. 1.7,8. f Ge.20.6. Pr.6.29. g 1Sa.25.23. h ch.1.14-17.

i 1Sa.24.19. Pr.11.18.

2 And Ruth the Moabitess said k Ps. 17.8. unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean b ears of corn after hum in whose sight I shall find grace. And she said unto her, Go, my daughter.

36.7. 57.1. 63.7.

1 ch.1.16.

1Sa. 1.18.

3 And she went, and came, and 3 or, Ifind. gleaned in the field after them Ge.33.15. reapers; and her hap 2 was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech.

to the heart, Ge.34.3. Ju. 19.3.

4 And behold, Boaz came from Beth-lehem, and said unto then Ps.23.5. reapers, c The LORD be with you. 5 shame. And they d answered him, The LORD bless thee.

o Jam.1.5.

5 Then said Boaz unto his servant

Ruth in the field of Boaz. that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this?

6 And the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab:

7 And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves: so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that she tarried a little in the house.

8 Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another field, neither e go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens:

9 Let thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou after them have I not charged the young men that they shall not touchf thee? and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn.

10 Then she fell g on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger?

11 And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed meh all that thou hast done unto thy mother-in-law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore.

12 The LORD recompense i thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou k art come to trust.

13 Then she said, 3 Let me find m

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Ruth's kindred


17 So she gleaned in the field until B. C. 1312. even, and beat out that she had gleaned and it was about an ephiahp Ps.41.1. of barley.

18 And she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother-inlaw saw what she had gleaned and she brought forth, and gave to her that she had reserved after she was sufficed.

21 And Ruth the Moabitess said, He said unto me also, Thou s shalt keep fast by my young men, until they have ended all my harvest.

22 And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter-in-law, It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they 7 meet thee not in any other field.

23 So she kept t fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley-harvest and of wheatharvest; and dwelt with her mother-in-law.


1 By Naomi's instruction, 5 Ruth lieth at Boaz's feet.

HEN Naomi her mother-in-law'

9 ch.3.10.

2Sam.2.5. Job 29.13. 2Sa.9.1.

19 And her mother-in-law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day and where wroughtest thou? blessed bep he that did take knowledge of thee. And she shewed her mother-in-law with whom she had wrought, and said, The man's name with whom 1 wrought to day is Boaz.

10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning,g inasmuch as thou fol

20 And Naomi said unto her

daughter-in-law, Blessed a be he (CHAP, 3.) lowedst not young men, whether

of the LORD, who hath not left off This kindness to the living and to the dead. And Naomi said unto her, The man is near of kin unto us, one 6 of our next kinsmen.

5 And she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me I will do.

or, that
hath right

to redeem,

s Cant. 1.7,8.

7 or, fall not

t Pr. 13.20.

a 1Cor.7.36.


b ch.1.9.

c ch.2.8.23.

d 2Sa. 14.2.

1 or, lift up
the clothes
that are on.

e Ju. 19.6,9,

22. 25.13.28. Es. 1.10. Ec.8.15. 9.7. 10.19.

2 or, took

hold on.


3 or, one

Eze. 16.8.

shall a I not seek rest b for thee, that it may be well with thee?

2 And now is not Boaz of our kin-, dred, with whose maidens thou wast? c Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshing-floor.

g ch.1.8.


3 Wash thyself therefore, and d anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to h Pr.12.4. the floor but make not thyself 31.10. known unto the man, until he i ch.4.1. shall have done eating and drinking.

k ch.4.5.

4 And it shall be when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and 1 uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do.

that hath
a right to


m Ro. 14. 16.
ICo. 10.32.

5 or, sheet,

acknowledged by Boaz.

7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, e he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down.

8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and 2 turned himself: and behold, a woman lay at his feet.

9 And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid spread ƒ therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art 3 a near kinsman.

or, apron.

6 T And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that n Ps.37.3,5. her mother-in-law bade her.

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13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part k of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman's part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.

14 And she lay at his feet until the morning and she rose up be fore one could know another. And he said, m Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor.

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1 I said I

2 And he took ten men of the bb 1Ki.21.8. elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down. 3 And he said unto the kinsman, will reveal Naomi, that is come again out of the in thine ear. country of Moab, selleth a parcel c Je.32.8,25. of land, which was our brotherd Ge. 23. 18. Elimelech's:

4 And I thought to advertise e ch.3. 13. thee, saying, Buyc it before d the ƒ De.25.7-9. inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know for there is none to redeem it besides thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it. 5 Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up e the name of the dead upon his inheritance.

k Ge.38.29.

6 T And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem Ge..20.17, thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it.

7 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel.

8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe.

g Ps. 127.3. 128.3.

h Ge.XXIX. XXX. 2 or, get thee riches, or,



3 proclaim

thy name.

18. 33.5.

m Ro.12.15.


5 or, re

caused to cease unto.


He marrieth Ruth.

| dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day.

11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORDg make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which twoh did build the house of Israel: and 2 do thou worthily in Ephratah, i and 3 be famous in Beth-lehem:

12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar k bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman.

13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gavel her conception, and she bare a son.

14 And m the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not 4 left thee this day without a 5 kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.

15 And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and 6 a nourisher of 7 thine old age: for thy daughter-in-law, which loveth thee, which is better n to thee than seven sons, hath borne him.

16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it.

to nourish, Ge.45.11. Ps.55.22.

7thy gray hairs.

n 1Sam. 1.8.

9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, o Luke. 1.58. and all that was Chilion's and Mah-p Mat.1.3,&c. lon's, of the hand of Naomi.

10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, 9 Nu. 1.7. the wife of Mahlon, have I pur-8 or, Salmah. chased to be my wife to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the

r 1Ch.2.15.


17 And o the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the vid. father of Jesse, the father of Da

18 T Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez p begat Hezron.

19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,

20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, q and Nahshon begat 8 Sal


21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed,

22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.r

The First Book of SAMUEL, otherwise called
The First Book of the KINGS.

From the Creation, 2833....Before Christ, 1171.... Year of the Exodus, 320.

CHAPTER I. Hannah having borne Samuel, presenteth him to the LORD.

OW there was a certain man of

of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elka

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B. C. 1171. indeed h look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember! me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid 6 a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor k come upon his head.

12 And it came to pass, as she 7 continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth.

13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought that she had been drunken.

a 1Ch.6.27,


from year

to year.

10 And she was 5 in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.

11 And she vowedg a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt)


nah, a the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:

e De. 12.5-7.

2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: 2 or, double. and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.

d Ge.30.2.

3 And this man went up out of 3 angered. his city 1 yearly b to worship and

e Job 24.21.

to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests, of the LORD, were there.

4 T And when the time was that Elkanah offered, c he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:

f Ru.4. 15.

5 But unto Hannah he gave a 2 worthy portion; for he loved Han-5 bitter of. nah butd the LORD had shut up g Ju.11.30.

b Ex.23.14.
Luke 2.41.

from her
going up,
or, from

the time
that she

her womb.

6 And her adversary also 3 pro- h 2Sa. 16.12. voked here sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.

7 And as he did so year by year, 4 when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.

8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I bet-meditation. terf to thee than ten sons?

i Ge.30.22.


seed of men.

to pray.

8 hard of

7 Ps. 62.8.

m Ps.20.3,5.

9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they n Ec.9.7. had drunk. (Now Eli the priest o ver. 11. sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD;)

10 in revolu
tion of days.
11 that is,
asked of

14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee. 15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman 8 of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD.

16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my 9 complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.

17 Then Elí answered and said, Go in peace and the God of Israel grant m thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him.

18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, n and her countenance was no more sad.

19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped be fore the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife and the LORD remembered o her.

20 Wherefore it came to pass, 10 when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name 11 Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD.

21 And the man Elkanah, and all

Hannah's song.

his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and

his vow.

22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appearp before the LORD, and there abide for ever.

B. C. 1171.

p Luke 2.22.

9 Nu.30.7.

r 2Sa.7.25.

8 Phi.4.6.

t Ps. 145.18,


23 And Elkanah her husband said
unto her, Dog what seemeth thee 12 or, return- 9 He will keep the feet p of his
good; tarry until thou have wean-
ed him; only r the LORD establish
his word. So the woman abode,
and gave her son suck until she
weaned him.

ed him,
whom I
have ob-
tained by
petition, to
the LORD.

saints, and the wicked shall be
silent in darkness; for by strength q
shall no man prevail.

And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young.

13 or, he
whom I
have ob-
tained by
shall be
(CHAP. 2).
a Lu. 1.46,&c.
b Ps. 112.8,9.

25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.

c Ps. 13.5.

26 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD. 27 For this child I prayed; s and td Ex. 15.11. the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him:

e De.32.31.

23 Therefore also I have 12 lent him to the LORD; as long as he iveth 13 he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.

f Ps.94.4.

g Je.17.10.

h Ps.37. 15,17.
i Ps. 113.9.


k De.32.39.

1 Hannah's song in thankfulness. 1 Job 1.21. 12 The sin of Eli's sons.

AND Hannah prayed, and said, a

My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, m Ps.75.7. mine horn is exalted b in the LORD; my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice c in thy salvation.

Ps. 113.7,8.

6 The LORD killeth, k and maketh alive he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.

7 The LORD maketh poor, and


o Ps. 102.25.


2 There d is none holy as the P Ps. 121.3.
LORD: for there is none beside thee: Ec.9.11.
neither is there any rocke like ourr Ex. 15.6.
3 Talk no more so exceeding & Ps. 18. 13,14.
proudly; let f not 1 arrogancy comet Ps.96.13.
out of your mouth for the LORD g
is a God of knowledge, and by him
actions are weighed.

u Ps.S9.24.
v Jer.22.16.

4 The bows h of the mighty men are broken, and they that stumbled are girded with strength.

w Le.3.3-5,16

2 as on the

x Ge. 13. 13.

5 They that were full have hired
out themselves for bread; and they
that were hungry ceased: so that y Mal.2.8.
the i barren hath borne seven; 2 Ex.28.4.
and she that hath many children
is waxed feeble.

a ch.1.3.

The sin of Eli's sons. maketh rich hem bringeth low, and lifteth up.

8 He n raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory for the pillars of the earth are the LORD'S, and he hath set o the world upon them.

10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be brokenr to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunders upon them the LORD shall judget the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt u the horn of his anointed.

11 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child did minister unto the LORD before Eli the priest. 12 Now the sons of Eli were the LORD. sons of Belial; they knew not v

13 And the priest's custom with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a flesh-hook of three teeth in his hand;

14 And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the flesh-hook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither.

3 or, petition
which she

15 Also before they burnt the fat w the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw.

16 And if any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat 2 presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, Nay; but thou shalt give it me now and if not, 1 will take it by force.

17 Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred y the offering of the LORD.

18 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded z with a linen ephod.

19 Moreover his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from year to year, when she came a up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.

20 And Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife, and said, The LORD give thee seed of this woman for the 3 loan which is lent to the

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