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Gaal's conspiracy.

JUDGES, IX. 21 And Jotham ran away, and fled, B. C. 1209. and went to Beer, t and dwelt there, for fear of Abimelech his brother. 22 TWhen Abimelech had reigned three years over Israel,

23 Then God sent u an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem; and the men of Shechem v dealt treacherously with Abimelech :

t 2Sa.20.14.

u 1Sa. 16.14.

IKI. 12. 15. 22.22,23. Is. 19.14. 2Th.2.11, 12.

v Is.33.1.

21 That w the cruelty done to the threescore and ten sons of Jerubhaal might come, and their blood be laid upon Abimelech their bro-w 1Ki.2.32. ther, which slew them, and upon the men of Shechem, which 7 aided him in the killing of his brethren.


28 And Gaal the son of Ebed said, Who is y Abimelech, and who is Shechem, that we should serve him? is not he the son of Jerubbaal? and Zebul his officer? serve! the men of Hamor z the father of Shechem: for why should we serve him?

29 And would a to God this people were under my hand! then would I remove Abimelech. And he said to Abimelech, Increase thine army, and come out.

7 strengthen ed his hands to kill.

25 And the men of Shechem set liers in wait for him in the top of the mountains, and they robbed all that came along that way by them: and it was told Abimelech.

26 And Gaal the son of Ebed came with his brethren, and went over to Shechem: and the men of She-x ver.4. chem put their confidence in him.


27 And they went out into the y 18a.25.10. fields, and gathered their vineyards, and trode the grapes, and made 8 merry, and went into the house of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech.


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or, songs,

Is. 16.9, 10. Jer.25.30.

a 2Sa. 15.4. Ps. 10.3.

9 or, hot.

10 craftily,or! to Tormah.

11thine hand shall find, 1Sa.10.7. 25.8. Ec.9.10.

30 T And when Zebul the ruler of the city heard the words of Gaal 12 navel. the son of Ebed, his anger was 9 kindled.

13 or, the regarders of the times, De. 18.14.

31 And he sent messengers unto Abimelech 10 privily, saying, Behold, Gaal the son of Ebed, and his brethren, be come to Shechem; and behold, they fortify the city b ver.28,29. against thee.

32 Now therefore up by night, c ver.20. thou and the people that is with thee, and lie in wait in the field:

d 2Ki.3.25.

Eze.47.11. Zep.2.9.

33 And it shall be, that in the morning, as soon as the sun is up, e De.29.23. thou shalt rise early, and set upon the city and behold, when he and the people that is with him come out against thee, then mayest thou f ch.8.33. do to them as 11 thou shalt find occasion. 34 T And Abimelech rose up, and all the people that were with him,

g Ps.68.14.

Gaal's flight. by night, and they laid wait against Shechem in four companies.

35 And Gaal the son of Ebed went out, and stood in the entering of the gate of the city: and Abimelech rose up, and the people that were with him, from lying in wait. 36 And when Gaal saw the people, he said to Zebul, Behold, there come people down from the top of the mountains. And Zebul said unto him, Thou seest the shadow of the mountains as if they were men. 37 And Gaal spake again, and said, See there come people down by the 12 middle of the land, and another company come along by the plain of 13 Meonenim.

38 Then said Zebul unto him, Where is now thy mouth, wherewith thou saidst, b Who is Abimelech, that we should serve him? Is not this the people that thou hast despised? go out, I pray now, and fight with them.

39 And Gaal went out before the men of Shechem, and fought with Abimelech.

40 And Abimelech chased him, and he fled before him, and many were overthrown and wounded, even unto the entering of the gate. 41 And Abimelech dwelt at Arumah and Zebul thrust out Gaal and his brethren, that they should not dwell in Shechem.

42 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the people went out into the field; and they told Abimelech.

43 And he took the people, and divided them into three companies, and laid wait in the field, and looked, and behold, the people were come forth out of the city; and he rose up against them, and smote them.

44 And Abimelech, and the company that was with him, rushed forward, and stood in the entering of the gate of the city: and the two other companies ran upon all the people that were in the fields, and slew them,

45 And Abimelech fought against the city all that day; and c he took the city, and slew the people that was therein, and beat downd the city, and sowed it with salt.e 46 And when all the men of the tower of Shechem heard that, they entered into an hold of the house of the god Berithf

47 And it was told Abimelech that all the men of the tower of Shechem were gathered together.

48 And Abimelech gat him up to mount Zalmon, g he and all the people that were with him; and

Abimelech slain.

Abimelech took an axe in his hand, and cut down a bough from the trees, and took it, and laid it on his shoulder, and said unto the people that were with him, What ye have seen 14 me do, make haste, and do as I have done.

h 2Sa.11.21.

i lSa.31.4.

49 And all the people likewise cut k ver.24. down every man his bough, and followed Abimelech, and put them to the hold, and set the hold on fire upon them; so that all the men of the tower of Shechem died also, about a thousand men and women. 50Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and took it.

Ps.94 23.

51 But there was a strong tower within the city, and thither fled all the men and women, and all they of the city, and shut it to them, and gat them up to the top of the tower. 52 And Abimelech came unto the tower, and fought against it, and went hard unto the door of the tower to burn it with fire.

JUDGES, X. B. C. 1206.


Tola judgeth Israel in Shamir. ND afterAbimelech there arose,

14 I have done.

ver.20,45. (CHAP. 10.) i save, or,


53 And h a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abime- c lech's head, and all to break his skull.

3 And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two years. 4 And he had thirty sons that rode a on thirty ass-colts, and they had thirty cities, which bare called 2 Havoth-jair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead.

5 And Jair died, and was buried in Camon.

a ch.5.10.


b Deut.3.14. 2 or, the vil lages of Jair, Nu.32.41.

54 Then i he called hastily unto the young man his armour-bearer, and said unto him, Draw thy sword, d 1Ki. 11.33. and slay me, that men say not of e 1Sa. 12.9,10. me, A woman slew him. And his 3 crushed. young man thrust him through, and he died.


55 And when the men of Israel g Ex. 14.30. saw that Abimelech was dead, they h Nu.21.21departed every man unto his place.

56 Thus God rendered k the wickedness of Abimelech, which he did unto his father, in slaying k ch.5.19. his seventy brethren:

57 And all the evil of the men of ch.6.3. Shechem did God render upon their m Ps. 106.42. heads and upon them came then Jer.2.13. curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal.

o De.32.37,


of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim.


2 And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir.


6.1. 13.1.

9 Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan, to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim: so that Israel was sore distressed f

10 And the children of Israel ch.2.11-14. cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.





38. 2Ki.3. 13. Jer. 2.28. ISa.3.18. 2Sa.15.26.

is good in thine eyes. 2Ch.7.14.


5 gods of strangers. 6 shortened.

r Ps. 106.44, 45. Is.63.9.

1 cried.

8 ch.11.11,29. Ge.31.49.

Israel oppressed. 6 T And c the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods ofd Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.

7 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold e them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.


8 And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan, in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead.

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15 And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thoup unto us whatsoever 4 seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day.

16 And they put away g the 5strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was 6 grieved r for the misery of Israel.

17 Then the children of Ammon were 7 gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh.s

18 And the people and princes of Gilead said one to another, What man is he that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.

Jephthah chosen captain. CHAPTER XI.

The covenant between Jephthah and the Gileadites.

Nwas ou mighty man of valour, a He.11.32, TOW Jephthah a the Gileadite

(CHAP. 11.)

and he was the son of 1 an harlot and Gilead begat Jephthah.

called Jepthae.

2 And Gilead's wife bare him sons; and his wife's sons grew up, and they thrust out Jephthah, and said unto him. Thou shalt not c inherit | in our father's house; for thou art the son of a strange woman.

3 Then Jephthali fled 2 from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob and there were gathered vain d men to Jephthah, and went out with him.

4 T And it came to pass 3 in process of time, that the children of Ammon made war against Israel.


B. C. 1161.


7 And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, Did e not ye hate me, and expel me out of my father's house? and why are ye come unto me now when ye are in distress?

b ch.6.12.


1 a woman, an harlot.

c Ge. 21.10. Gal.4.30.

13 And the king of the children of Ammon answered unto the messengers of Jephthah, Because Israel took away my land, when

2 from the face of.

5 And it was so, that when the children of Ammon made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to fetch Jephthah out of the

land of Tob:

f Luke 17.4. 6 And they said unto Jephthah, Come, and be our captain, that weg ch. 10. 18. may fight with the children of Am

h Jer.42.5.

d ch.9.4. 1Sa.22.2.

3 after days,

e Ge.26.27.

the hearer.

i ver.S.

k ch.20.1. 1Sa.10.17.

8 And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, Therefore we turn Nu.21.24. again to thee now, that thou mayest go with us, and fight against the children of Ammon, and be our head g over all the inhabitants of m Ge.32.22. Gilead.

9 And Jephthah said unto the el-n De.2.9,19. ders of Gilead, If ye bring me home again to fight against theo Nu.14.25. children of Ammon, and the LORD Deut. 1.40. deliver them before me, shall I be your head? 10 And the elders of Gilead said P Nu.20.1,14,



unto Jephthah, The h LORD be 4 witness between us, if we do not so according to thy words.

11 Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head i and captain overs them and Jephthah uttered all his words before the LORD in k Mizpeh.

q Nu.21.4,&c.


12 And Jephthah sent messengers unto the king of the children of Ammon, saying, What hast thou to do with me, that thou art u come against me to fight in my land?

t Nu.21.29. IKI. 11.7. Jer.48.7.

Mi.4.5. De. 18. 12. Ps.78.55.

w Nu.22.2,


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16 But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked o through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came p to Kadesh;

17 Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken thereto. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab; but he would not consent. And Israel abode in Kadesh.

18 Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed q the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab for Arnon was the border of Moab.

19 And Israel sent s messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my lace.

20 But Sihon trusted not Israel 10 pass through his coast; but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel.

21 And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country.

22 And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan. 23 So now the LORD God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before his people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it?

24 Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh t thy god giveth thee to possess? Sou whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive v out from before us, them will we pos

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23 Howbeit the king of the children of Ammon hearkened not unto the words of Jephthah which he sent him.

B. C. 1143.

Nu.21.25. y Deut.2.36. 2 Ge. 18.25.

Ec. 12.14.

a Ge. 16.5. 1Sa.24.12,


seems to have been judge only of Northeast Israel. d Ge.28.20. 1Sa, 1.11. Ec.5.2,4,5. 5 that which com th

forth, which shall

come forth.

b ch.3.10. c Jephthah

29 Then the Spirit b of the LORD came upon Jephthah,c and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over unto the children of



6 or, or.

30 And Jephthah vowed d a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, 31 Then it shall be, that 5 what-f Eze.27.17. soever cometh forth of the doors of or, Abel. my house to meet me, when I re-g ver. 11. h Ex. 15.20. turn in peace from the children of 1Sa. 18.6. Ammon, shall e surely be the Ps.68.25. LORD'S, 6 and I will offer it up for a Jer.31.4. burnt offering.


So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them: and the LORD delivered them into his hands.

35 And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he renti his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot k go back. 36 And she said unto him, My father, if thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, even of the children of Ammon.


37 And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: Let


Lev.27.2,3. 1Sa. 1.11,28.


33 And he smote them from Aroer


even till thou come to Minnith feven twenty cities, and unto 7 the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. 34 And Jephthah came to Miz-go and go down. pehg unto his house, and behold, his daughter came out to meet him with h timbrels and with dances and she was his only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.

m ver.31.

of himself, or, he had not of his own either

son or


Ge.37.29,34 Nu.30.2.

Ps. 15.4.

1 25a, 18, 19,


1Sa. 1.22,24. 10 or, ordi

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from year


to year. 12 or, talk

with. ch.5.11.

(CHAP. 12.) a ch.8.1.

were called. 1Sa. 19.5.

Job 13.14.

Ps. 119.109. ch.3.25.


The Ephraimites slain. me alone two months, that I may 9 go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows.

38 And he said, Go. And he sent her away for two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains.

2 Which signifieth a stream, or, flood, Ps.69.2,15. Is.27.12.

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5 And the Gileadites took the passages c of Jordan before the Ephraimites: and it was so, that when those Ephraimites which were escaped said. Let me go over; that the men of Gilead said unto him, Art thou an Ephraimite? If he said, Nay;

6 Then said they unto him, Say now 2 Shibboleth: and he said Sibboleth: for he could not frame to pronounce it right. Then they took him, and slew him at the passages of Jordan. And there fell at that time of the Ephrainites forty and two thousand.

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ND the children of Israel 1 did:

A aging in sight the

LORD; and the LORD delivered b them into c the hand of the Philistines forty years.

2 And there was a certain man of Zorah, d of the family of the Danites, whose name was Manoah; f 1.Sa. 1.11. and his wife was barren, and bare g Nu.6.2,&c.

c 1Sa. 12.9.

Manoah's sacrifice. thou shalt conceive and bear a son: and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean thing: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death.

d Jos. 19.41. e Lu. 1.11,&c.


3 And the angel e of the LORD ap-h 1Ki.17.24. peared unto the woman, and said; Mat.28.3. unto her, Behold, now, thou art Acts 6.15. barren, and bearest not: but thou shalt conceive, and bear a son.


4 Now therefore beware, I pray 2 thee, and drink not wine strong drink, and eat not any unclean thing:

5 For lo, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and nof razor shall come on his head: for the child shall be a g Nazarite unto God from the womb: and he shall be-! gin to deliver Israel out of the hand of the Philistines.

6 Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, Ah man of God came unto me, and his countenance i was like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible : but I asked him not whence he was, neither told he me his name: 7 But he said unto me, Behold,

8 Then Manoah entreated the LORD, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born.

9 And God hearkened to the voice of Manoah; and the angel of God came again unto the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoah her husband wes not with her.

what shall Le the manner of. 3 what shall be his work, or, what shall he do.

k ver.4.

1 ch.6.18,&c. 4 before.

10 And the woman made haste. and ran, and shewed her husband. and said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, that came unto me the other day.

11 And Manoah arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto him. Art thou the man that spakest unto the woman? And he said, I am.

12 And Manoah said, Now let thy words come to pass. 2 How shall we order the child, and 3 how shall we do unto him?

m Ge.32.29. sor, wonderful, 1s.9.6.

n ch.6.19-23.

13 And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah. Of all that 1 said unto the woman, let her be


14 She may not eat of any thing that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink. nor eat any unclean thing: all that I commanded her let her observe. 15 And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let! us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid 4 for thee.

16 And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thon detain me, I will not eat of thy bread and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he was an angel of the LORD.

17 And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What m is thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass, we may do thee honour?

18 And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is 5 secret?

19 So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and n offered it upon ja rock unto the LORD: and the angel did wonderously; and Manoah and his wife looked on.

20 For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the

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