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The acts of Benjamin.


Of Zebulun, Asher, &c. smiteth Kirjath-sepher, and taketh | B. C. 1425. | land of the c Hittites, and built a it, to him will I give Achsah, my daughter to wife.

city, and called the name thereof Luz: which is the name thereof unto this day.


l Ge.33.11. 13 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, 1Pet.3.9. Caleb's younger brother, took it:m ch.4.11,17. and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.


n Deut.31.3.

o Nu.21.1.

14 And it came to pass, when she came to him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and P Nu.10.29she lighted from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt thou?

32. 1Sa.15.6.

q ver.3.

15 And she said unto him, Giver Nu.21.3.
me a blessing for thou hast s Jos. 11.22.
given me a south land; give me t ver.2.
also springs of water. And Caleb
gave her the upper springs and the
nether springs.

2Ki. 18.7.

or, pos-
sessed the

16 T And the children of the m4 Kenite, Moses' father-in-law, went up out of the n city of palm-trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of o Arad; and p they went and dwelt among the people.

17 And Judah q went with Simeon his brother, and they slew the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. And the name of the city was called Hormah.r


Ex. 14.7,&c.
Jos. 17.16.

Jos. 14.9-14.
w Nu. 14.24.
Jos. 15.63.

y ver. 19.
z Jos.7.2.

18 Also Judah took Gaza s with
the coast thereof, and Askelon
with the coast thereof, and Ekrona Ge.28.19.
with the coast thereof.

b Jos.2.12.
1Sa.30. 15.

19 And the LORD t was with Judah; and he 4 drave out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots u of iron. 20 And they gave Hebron v unto e Rom.7.21. Caleb, as Moses said: w and he ex-f Jos. 16. 10. pelled thence the three sons of Anak.


c 2Ki.7.6.

d Jos. 17.11



g Jos. 19.15. 21 And the children of Benjamin xh Jos. 19.24. did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebu-i Ps. 106.35. sites dwell with the children of k Jos. 19.32Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this



(CHAP. 2.)

or, messen

Z ver.30.

22 T And the house of Joseph, Ps. 18.44.
they also went up against Beth-elm Jos. 10.12.
and the y LORD was with them.

23 And the house of Joseph sent 5 was heavy.
to descry z Beth-el. (Now the
name of the city before was Luz.a)

6 or, Maaleh-1
Jos. 15.3.

24 And the spics saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Shew us, we pray thee, the entrance into the city, and web will shew thee mercy.

26 And when he shewed them the entrance into the city, they smote the city with the edge of the sword: but they let go the man and all his family. 26 And the man went into the


a ver.5.

b Ge. 17.7.


c Deut.7.2.

d Deut. 12.3.

Neither did Manasseh d drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns; but the Canaanites would e dwell in that land.

28 And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out.

29 Neither did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; f but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.

30 Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; g but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries.

31 Neither did Asher h drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob:

32 But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; for they did i not drive them out.

33 Neither did Naphtali k drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, nor the inhabitants of Bethanath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land nevertheless the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh and of Beth-anath became tributaries / unto them.

34 And the Amorites forced the children of Dan into the mountain: for they would not suffer them to come down to the valley:

35 But the Amorites would dwell in mount Heres in Aijalon, m and in Shaalbim yet the hand of the house of Joseph 5 prevailed, so that they became tributaries.

36 And the coast of the Amorites was from 6 the going up to Akrabbim, from the rock, and upward. CHAPTER II.

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The wickedness of the people.

tars: but e ye have not obeyed my
voice why have ye done this?
3 Wherefore I also said, I will not
drive them out from before you;
but they shall be as thorns fin your
sides, and their gods g shall be af Jos.23.13.
snare h unto you.

4 And it came to pass, when the angel of the LORD spake these words unto all the children of Israel, that the people lifted up their voice and wept.

5 And they called the name of that place 2 Bochim: and they sacrificed there unto the LORD.

6 And when i Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land.

7 And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that 3 outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD, that he did for Israel.

B. C. 1406.

e ver.20.

Ps. 106.34


16 Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, s which 4 delivered t them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.

5 ch.3,6.

h Ex.23.33.

i Jos.24.28.




1Ch.28.9. Ps.92.5,6. Jer.9.3. 22.16. Gal.4.8. 2Th. 1.S. Tit. 1. 16.

8 And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred and ten years old.

9 And they buried him in the bor- m De.31.16.
der of his inheritance in Timnath-n Deut.5.9.
heres, k in the mount of Ephraim,
0 ch.3.7,8.
on the north side of the hill Gaash.

Ps. 106.40-

10 And also all that generation
were gathered unto their fathers:
and there arose another generation
after them, which knew not the P 2Ki.17.20.
LORD, nor yet the works which he q ch.4.2.
had done for Israel.


3 prolonged
days after.
Jos. 19.50.


21.30, 19 And it came to pass, when a Timnath-the judge was dead, that they returned, and 5 corrupted themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they 6 ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way. 20 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because y that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice; 21 I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died:

22 That through them I may prove z Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD, to walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not.

11 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim:

12 And they forsook m the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of t Ps. 106.43the people that were round about them, and bowed n themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to


u Ex.34.15,


r Lev.26.17.

s Acts 13.20.

4 saved.


13 And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

v Jos. 1.5.

14 And the anger o of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he de- w Ge.6.6. livered p them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold q them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.

De.32.36. Ho. 11.8. 2 ch.4.1. 8.33.

15 Whithersoever r they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto thein: and they were greatly distressed.

were cor-
let nothing
fall of.

y Jos.23.16.

z Ps.66.10.


(CHAP. 3.)
a Jos. 13.3.

God's anger and pity to Israel. 17 And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring u after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; but they did not so.

18 And when the LORD raised them up judges, then v the LORD them out of the hand of their enewas with the judge, and delivered

mies all the days of the judge: (for it repented w the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.)

23 Therefore the LORD 7 left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered he them into the hands of Joshua.



1 The nations which were left to prove Israel: 5 By communion with them, they commit idolatry. TOW these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, (even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan;

2 Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof;) 3 Namely, five a lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baal-hermon unto the entering in of Hamath.

4 And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

Israel judged by Othniel.

5 And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:

6 And they took b their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.

7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim, and the groves.

2 saviour.

e ch.1.13.

f ch.6.34.

8 Therefore the anger of the
LORD was hot against Israel, and
he sold them into the hand of c
Chushan-rishathaim king of 1 Me-
sopotamia and the children of Is-3 was.
rael served Chushan-risha im 4 Aram.
eight years.



9 And when the children of ls-5 ch.1.16. rael d cried unto the LORD, the h De.28.18. LORD raised up a 2 deliverer to or, the son the children of Israel, who deliof Jemini. vered them, even Othniel e the son shut of his of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother. right hand. 10 And the Spirit f of the LORD $ came upon him, and he judged Is- Ps.73.7,19. rael, and went out to war: and the or, graven LORD delivered Chushan-risha- images. thaim king of 4 Mesopotamia into k Jos.4.20. his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushan-rishathaim.

18 And when he had made an end to offer the present, he sent away the people that bare the pre


JUDGES, IV. B. C. 1406.

19 But he himself turned again from the quarries that k were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret er

b De.7.3,4.

c Hab.3.7.

11 And the land had rest forty years and Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

12 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.

13 And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the g city of palm-trees. 14 So the children of Israel served h Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years. 15 But when the children of Is-o ch.7.9,15. rael cried unto the LORD, the LORD 11 fat. raised them up a deliverer, Ehud Ps. 17.10. the son of Gera, 5 a Benjamite, a p ch.5.6. man 6 left-handed: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab.

q ch.5.8.

16 But Ehud made him a dagger which had two edges, of a cubit length and he did gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh.

15.15. 1Sa. 17.47. r So part is called Is

rael, ch.4. 1,3,&c.

17 And he brought the present unto Eglon king of Moab and Eglon was a very fat i man.

It seems to concern

only the country next to the Philistines.

20 And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in 8 a summer Aram-na- parlour, which he had for himself alone: and Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. And he arose out of his seat.


d 1Sa. 12. 10. Ne.9.27. Ps. 107.13, 19.

8 a parlour of cooling, Am.3.15.

9 or, it came out at the

fundament. 10 or, doeth his easement. 1Sam.24.3. ver. 19. m ch.6.34. ISa. 13.3. n Jos. 17.15.

The Moabites subdued.

rand unto thee, O king: who said, Keep silence. And all that stood by him went out from him.

(CHAP. 4.)

a ch.2.19.

21 And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly:

22 And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and 9 the dirt came out.

23 Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors of the parlour upon him, and locked them.

24 When he was gone out, his that, behold, the doors of the parservants came; and when they saw lour were locked, they said, Surely he 10 covereth his feet in his summer chamber.

25 And they tarried till they were ashamed: and behold, he opened not the doors of the parlour; therefore they took a key, and opened them: and, behold, their lord was fallen down dead on the earth.

26 And Ehud escaped while they tarried, and passed beyond the quarries and escaped unto Seirath.

27 And it came to pass when he was come,that he blewm a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them.

28 And he said unto them. Follow after me: for the LORD hath delivered o your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over.

29 And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all 11 lusty, and all men of valour: and there escaped not a man.

30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel: and the land had rest fourscore years.

31 And after him was Shamgarp the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with q an ox-goad: and he also delivered Israel.r


4, 6 Deborah and Barah deliver Israel from Jabin and Sisera.

ND the children of Israel again

LORD, when Ehud was dead.

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7 And I g will draw unto thee, to the river Kishon, h Sisera the captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into thine hand.

b 1Sa. 12.9.

It seems to


only North

c Jos. 11.1, 10.
d ver. 13,16.

e ch.1.19.

f Ge.35.8.

g Ex.14.4.

h ch.5.21.

i ver. 18.20.
k ch.5.18.


m Nu.10.29.

n Zaanan

Jos. 19.33,

gathered by
cry, or,

o Deut.9.3.

11 Now Heber the Kenite, I which vas of the children of Hobab, m the father-in-law of Moses,had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaacaim, n which is by Kedesh. 12 And they shewed Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam was gone up to mount Tabor.

13 And Sisera 1 gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon.


Jael killeth Sisera.

[down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him.

8 And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt go with me, then I will go: but if thou wilt not go with me, then I will not go.

9 And she said, I will surely go with thee: notwithstanding the p Ps.83.9,10. a nail of the tent, and took an journey that thou takest shall not be for thine honour; for the LORD shall sell Sisera into the hand of a woman. i And Deborah arose, and went with Barak to Kedesh.

Jos. 10.10. 9 Heb.11.32. rls.43.17.

hammer in her hand, and went
softly unto him, and smote the nail
into his temples, u and fastened it
into the ground: for he was fast
asleep and weary. So he died.

2 unto one.
$ 2Ki.6.19.

10 And k Barak called Zebulun
and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he
went up with ten thousand men at
his feet: and Deborah went up with 3 or, rug, or, will shew thee the man whom

22 And, behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael came out to meet him, and said unto him, Come, and I


t ch.5.25,26.

thou seekest. And when he came into her tent, behold, Sisera lay dead, and the nail was in his temples.

4 put.

u Ps.3.7.

23 Sov God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel.

v Ps. 18.47.

5 going went
and was

(CHAP. 5.)
a Ex. 15.1.
Ps. 18, title.

Ps. 18.47.

15 And the LORD p discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword before Barak; g so that Sisera lighted down off his chariot and fled away on his feet.

16 But Barak pursued after the chariots, and after the host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles: and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and r there was not 2 a man left.

17 Howbeit, Sisera fled away on his feet to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite: for there was peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite.

14 And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this is the day in which the c 2Ch.17.16. LORD hath delivered Sisera into thine hand: o is not the LORD gone out before thee? So Barak went

d Ps.2.10.

18 Ands Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said unto him, Turn in, my lord, turn in to me; fear not. And when he had turned in unto her into the tent, she covered him with a 3 mantle.

19 And he said unto her, Give me, I pray thee, a little water to drink; for I am thirsty. And she opened a bottle of milk, t and gave him drink, and covered him.

20 Again he said unto her, Stand in the door of the tent, and it shall be, when any man doth come and enquire of thee, and say, Is there any man here? that thou shalt say, No.

21 Then Jael Heber's wife took


The song of Deborah and Barak. De.32.-13.THEN a sang Deborah and Ba

rak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying,

2 Praise ye the LORD for the b avenging of Israel, when the people willingly c offered themselves.

3 Hear,d O ye kings; give ear, O

24 And the hand of the children of Israel 5 prospered and prevailed against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan.

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6 In the days of Shamgari the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, k the highways were unoccupied, and the 2 travellers walked through 3 by-ways.

7 The inhabitants of the villages ceased, they ceased in Israel, until that I Deborah arose, that I arose a mother in Israel.

B. C. 1296.

8 They chose new m gods; then was war in the gates: wasn there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

m De.32.17.
n 1Sa. 13. 19,


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p ch.10.4.
q Ps. 145.7.

r 1Sa. 12.7.

9 My heart is toward the go-s Ps.57.8.
vernors of Israel that offered ot Ps.68.18.
themselves willingly among the u Ps.75.7.
6draw with.
people. Bless ye the LORD.
10 4 Speak, yep that ride on white his feet.
8 or, In.
asses, ye that sit in judgment, and
walk by the way.

9 impres-

11 They that are delivered from the noise of archers in the places of drawing water, there shall they rehearse q the 5 righteous acts r of the LORD, even the righteous acts toward the inhabitants of his

10 or, In.

villages in Israel: then shall the
people of the LORD go down to the

12 Awake, s awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead t thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam.

13 Then he made him that re-z ch.4.7. maineth have dominion over the nobles among the people the LORDU made me have dominion over the mighty.


1Ki. 18.40. Ps.83.9,10. Ps.44.5. 15 tramplings, or, 14 Out of Ephraim was there a plungings. root of them against Amalek; after Ne.3.5. thee, Benjamin, among thy people: c 1Sa. 18.17. out of Machir came down go- d ch.4.19,&c. vernors, and out of Zebulun they 16 she hamthat 6 handle the pen of the mered. writer. 17 Between. 18 destroyed. Cant.2.9. 19 her words. Ex.15.9,10., 20 to the head

15 And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah; even Issachar, e and also Barak: he was sent on 7 foot into the valley. 8 For the divisions of Reuben there were great 9 thoughts of heart.

of a man. g Ps.92.9. h2S3.23.4. Ps.37.6.

16 Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? 10 For the divisions Pr.4. 18. of Reuben there were great search-i Ps. 19.5. ings v of heart.

11 or, port.

12 or, creeks.
13 exposed to
w Rev.12.11.
Ge. 14.23.
y ch.4. 15.
14 paths.

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20 They fought from heaven; y the stars in their 14 courses fought against Sisera.

21 The river of Kishon z swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast a trodden down strength.

22 Then were the horse-hoofs broken by the means of the 15 pransings, the pransings of their mighty ones.

23 Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of the LORD, curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because b they came not to the c help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the mighty.

24 Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be; blessed shall she be above women in the tent.

25 He d asked water, and she gave him milk; she brought forth butter in a lordly dish.

26 She put her hand to the nail,and
her right hand to the workman's

hammer; and 16 with the hammer
she smote Sisera, she smote off
his head, when she had pierced
and stricken through his temples.

27 17 At her feet he bowed, he fell, he lay down: at her feet he bowed, he fell where he bowed there he fell down 18 dead.

28 The mother of Sisera looked out at a window, and cried through the e lattice, Why is his chariot so long in coming? why tarry the wheels of his chariots?

29 Her wise ladies answered her, yea, she returned 19 answer to herself,

30 Have they not sped? have f they not divided the prey; 20 to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil? 31 So let all thine enemies perish, g O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun h when he goeth forth in his i might. And the land had rest forty years.

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