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Abram's vision.

ried in a good old age, t

16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: fort ch.25.8. Job 5.26. the iniquity of the Amorites is not u Mat.23.32. yet u full.


17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and la burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

1 a lamp of
(CHAP. 16.)

a ch.21.9.

b Gal.4.24.

B. C. 1913. hands.

c ch.20.18.

18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, say-d ch.30.3,9. ing, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Eu-e 1 Sa, 1.6.8. phrates:

be builded by her.

19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,

20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims,

21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.


1 Sarai giveth Hagar to Abram. 15 Ishunael is born.

NOW Sarai, Abram's wife, bare

him no

had an handmaid, an a Egyptian, whose name was b Hagar.

6 But Abram said unto Sarai, g Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai 3dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.

7 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. h

8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress



fch.31.53. 1Sa. 24.15. 2Ch.24.22. g1 Pet.3.7. that which is good in thine eyes. 3 aflicted


2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD c hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, d go in unto my maid; it may be that I may lobtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.

3 And Sarai, Abram's wife, took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.b 4 And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was e despised in her eyes.

5 And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived. 1c was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge f between me and thee.

9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her

h ch.25.18.

i 1 Pet.2.18.

i. e. God shall hear. k ch.21.20. 1 ch.25. 18. si. e. the well m Pr.5.21.

of him that liveth and seeth me.


a ch.


ch.48.15. Eph.3.20. 1 Ki.2.4.

2 Ki.20.3.

or, upright or, sincere.


De. 18.13.
Job 1.1.

Ps. 105.8,11.

d ch.13.16.

22.17. 2 multitude

Ishmael's destiny.

10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.


of nations. Neh.9.7. 3i. e. father of a great multitude. fRom.4.17. g ver. 16,20. ch.35.11. h ch.28.13. Lev.26.12. Heb.11.16. 4 of thy sojournings. i ch.48.4. De.32.8.

11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name 4Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.

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2 And I will make my c covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.

3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,

4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt bed a father of 2many nations.

5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but e thy name shall be 3 Abraham; for fa father of many nations have I made thee.

6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make g nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.

7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, h to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.

8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting i possession; and I will be

Sarai's name changed.

their God. k

9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.

Abraham circumcised. his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.

10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token 7 of the covenant betwixt me and you.

24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

n Ex.4.24.

26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised and Ishmael his Jos.5.2,&c. son.

12 And She that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born m in the house, or bought with money of 6 i. e. Prin-born in the house, and bought with any stranger, which is not of thy seed.

27 And all the men of his house,


money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.


B. C. 1898.

13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

k Ex.6.7.

15 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but 6Sarah shall her name be.


1 Ac.7.8.

22 And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.

23 T And Abraham took Ishmael

5 a son of
eight days.

m Ex. 12.44.


14 And the uncircumcised man child, whose flesh of his foreskin is p ch.18.12. not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off n from his people; he hath! broken my covenant.

o ch.15.10.

she shall


2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men b stood by him and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

16 And I will bless her, o and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will

3 And said, My Lord. if now I have found favour in thy sight, c

bless her, and 7 she shall be a mo- (CHAP. 18.) pass not away, I pray thee, from ther of nations; kings of people shall be of her.

thy servant :

4 Let a little d water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and 1comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore 2 are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.

q ch.25.13,

r ch.21.2.

a ch. 13. 18.

17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, p and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?

18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!

d ch.43.24.

1 stay.

19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have 3 hasten. heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, e Ju.5.25. and will multiply him exceedingly; q twelve princes shall he beget; and I will make him a great nation. f ver. 14.

2 Ki.4.16.

21 But my covenant will I estab-| lish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time ring ch.17.19, the next year.

b ch.19.1.

c Heb. 13.2.

1 Pet.4.9.

2 ye have

21. Rom.9.9. Gal.4.23.

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Abraham intercedes for Sodom. GENESIS, XIX. heard it in the tent door, which B. C. 1898. was behind him.

11 Now Abraham and Sarah wereh Rom.4.19. h old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah i after the manner of women.

His request promised.

| 26 And the LORD said, b If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place Heb.11.11, for their sakes.


15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh. p

i ch.31.35.

A ch.21.6.

12 Therefore Sarah k laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed / old shall I have pleasure, my m lord being old also?

1 Lu. 1.18.

13 And the LORD said unto Abra-m 1 Pet.3.6.
ham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh,
saying, Shall I of a surety bear a
child, which am old?

n Nu. 11.23.
Mat. 19.26.

14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? n At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, o and Sarah shall have a son.

Ps. 126.2.

o 2 Ki.4.16.

P Ps.44.21.
Pr. 12.19.
q Ac. 15.3.

28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, if I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it.

29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty's sake. 30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there. 31 And he said, Behold now, I Jno. 15.15. have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty's sake.

r Ps.25.14.


16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way, q

17 And the LORD said, Shall I r hide from Abraham that thing which I do;

t De.4.9, 10.

18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be s blessed in him?

Ps. 78.5-8. Eph.6.4. 19 For I know him, that he will u 1 Sam.2.30. command his children t and his v ch. 13. 13. household after him, and they shall 19.13. keep the way of the LORD, to do w ch.11.5. justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.u


20 And the LORD said, Because the v cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

y Jer.30.21.
Heb. 10.22.
Jam. 5.17.
Nu. 16.22.

21 I will go down w now, and see
whether they have done altogether
according to the cry of it, which is a Job 8.3.
come unto me; and if not, r I will 34.17.

s ch. 12.3.


Ps. 139.1.
Jer. 17.10.
Lu. 16. 15.

b Is. 10.22.

27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am c but dust and ashes.

c Job 4.19.

d Ju.6.39.

e Job 33.23.

a came two angels to

Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them, rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;

22 And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the LORD.

2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn bin, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said. Nay; chut we will abide in the street all night. 3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; dand he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat. 4 But before they lay down, the

23 And Abraham y drew near, and said, Wilt z thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked? 24 Peradventure there be fifty nghteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are (CHAP. 19.) men of the city, even the men of


a ch.18.22.

Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter:

5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? e bring them out unto us, that we may know them.

b Heb. 13.2.

25 That be far from thee to do
after this manner, to slay the righ-
teous with the wicked and that c Lu.24.28.
the righteous should be as the
wicked, that be far from thee: a
Shall not the Judge of all the earth e Ju. 19.22.
do right?

d ch.18.8.

32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: d Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten's sake. e

33 And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.


1 Lot entertaineth two angels. 24 Sodom and Gomorrah destroyed, etc.

Lot fleeth from Sodom.

GENESIS, XIX. 6 And Lot went out at the door B. C. 1898. unto them, and shut the door after him,

7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly.f

f Lev. 18.22.
Rom. 1.24.
1 Cor.6.9-

8 Behold now, I have two daughters, which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, gand do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.

2 Pet.2.7,8.

9 And they said, Stand back. And i 2 Ki.6.18. they said again, This one fellow Ac. 13.11. came in to sojourn, hand he will ch.18.20. needs be a judge: now will we deal 11 Ch.21.15. worse with thee, than with them. Is.36.10. And they pressed sore upon the mNum. 16.26 man, even Lot, and came near to Jer.51.6. break the door. Rev. 18.4.

10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door.

Jude 7.

5 Rom.3.8.

h Ex.2.14.

n Ex.9.21.
2 Ch.36.16.
Lu. 17.28.

or, punish
are found.


11 And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with so that they wearied themselves to blinduess, both small and great:


find the door.


12 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? sonin-law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou P 1 Sa. 19.11. hast in the city, bring them out of this place:

1 Ki. 19.3. q ver.26.

13 For we will destroy this place, because the k cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to de-t stroy it.

14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons-in-law, which married his daughters, and said, m Up, get ye out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked n unto his sons-in-law.


o Ps.34.12.

r1 Ti.1.14.


1 Sam.27.1. Pr.3.5-7.

u Ps. 119.175.


15 ¶ And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, say-i. ing, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the 2 iniquity of the city.

16 And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful o unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.

17And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape p for thy life; q look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed. 18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord! 19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou


Jude 7.
P's. 107.34.

z Lu. 17.32.
Rev. 19.3.
a ch, 18.22.

Sodom destroyed.

hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in sav

c Ps. 145.20.
d ver. 17, 19.
e Pr.23.31-



thy face.

Jer. 14. 10.

w ch.32.26,

Mark 6.5.

e. little.
gone forth.

Job 18.15.
Ps. 11.6.

Is. 13. 19.

31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:

Eze, 16.49.
Am.4.11. 32 Come, let us make our father
Zep.2.9. drink wine, and we will lie with
Mat.11.23. him, that we may preserve seed of
our father.

2 Pet.2.6.

33 And they made their father drink wine that night: e and the first-born went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. 34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us

ing my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, s lest some evil take me, and I die:

20 Behold now this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: t Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.u 21 And he said unto him, See, 1 have accepted 3 thee v concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.

22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called 4 Zoar. 23 The sun was 5 risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar. 24 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the in

which grew yupon the ground. habitants of the cities, and that

26 T But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became za pillar of salt.

27 F And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where a he stood before the LORD:

28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace. 29 T And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, cwhen he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt. 30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the d mountain, and his two daughters with him, for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

Moab and Ammon born.


Sarah restored. make him drink wine this night al- B. C. 1897. Junto me that ought not to be done. SO; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed off Lev. 18.6,7.

10 And Abimelech said unto Abra

our father.

35 And they made their father| drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.

36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father. f 37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites gunto this day.

38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day. CHAPTER XX. Abraham denieth his wife, and looseth! her: 14 Abimelech restoreth her.

1 married to He is my brother.,

an hus-
e 1Chr.21.17.

14 And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and womenservants, and gave them unto

AND Abraham journeyed from 2 or simpli Abraham, and restored him Sarah

city, or sincerity.


thence toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and a Shur, and sojourned in Ge-f2 Ki.20.3. 2 Cor. 1. 12. rar. b 1 Ti. 1.13.

Hab.2.15. g.De.2.9.19. 23.3.

5 Said he not unto me, She is my sister? and she, even she herself said, He is my brother: in the 2 integrity f of my heart and innocency of my hands have I done


2 And Abraham said of Sarah his
wife, She c is my sister: and Abi-5 ch.31.7.
melech king of Gerar sent and took

h Ps.51.4.

3 But d God came to Abimelech in i 1 Sam.7.5.

a dream by night, and said to him,
Behold, thou art but a dead man,
for the woman which thou hast ta-
ken; for she is 1 a man's wife.

k Ex.32.21.

4 But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, LORD, e wilt thou slay also a righteous nation?

6 And God said unto him in al dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also g withheld thee from sinning hagainst me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her.

h Ne.13.1.
Is. 11.11.
(CHAP. 20.)
a ch. 16.7, 14.
b ch.26.6.

c ch.12.13.


m Ne.5.15.
Pr. 16.6.
n ch.11.29.

3 as is good
in thine

P Pr.12.1.

q ch.12.17.

1 Sam. 1.6.
(CHAP. 21.)
a 1 Sam.2.21.
Lu. 1.68.
b ch.17.19.

18.10, 14. & Therefore Abimelech rose early c Heb. 11.11. in the morning, and called all his d ch.17.19. servants, and told all these things e Ex. 12.48. in their ears: and the men were Lev. 12.3. sore afraid.


9 Then Abimelech called Abra-f Ps. 126.2.
ham, and said unto him, What hast Is.54.1.
thou done unto us? and what have g Nu.23.23.
I offended thee, that thou hast
brought on me and on my kingdom
ka great sin? thou hast done deeds!


7 Now therefore restore the man has wife; for he is a prophet, and he ishall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore her not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, thou, and all that are time.


d Job 33.15.
Ps. 105.14.

ham, What sawest thou, that thou hast done this thing?

11 And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the fear of God m is not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake.

12 And yet indeed she is my n sister; she is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife. 13 And it came to pass, when God caused me to wander from my father's house, that I said unto her, This is thy kindness which thou shalt shew unto me; at every place whither we shall come, say of me,

15 And Abimelech said, Behold, omy land is before thee: dwell 3 where it pleaseth thee.

16 And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy brother a thousand pieces of silver: behold he is to thee a covering of the eyes, unto all that are with thee, and with all other thus she was preproved.

17 So Abraham prayed unto God: and God healed Abimelech, and his wife, and his maidservants; and they bare children.

18 For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.


2 Isaac is born. 9 Hagar and Ishmael are cast forth. 22 Abimelech's covenant with Abraham.

he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as bhe had spoken. 2 For Sarah c conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.

3 And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, d Isaac.

4 And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac, being eight days old, as God had commanded him. e

5 And Abraham was an hundred years old when his son Isaac was born unto him.

6T And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, f so that all that hear will laugh with me.

7 And she said, Who would have g said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have born him a son in his old age.

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