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Abram smiteth invaders.

9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.

10 And the vale of Siddim was full of slime pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled k to the mountain.

11 And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way. 12 And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.


B. C. 1918.

k ch.19. 17,


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or, led forth. 4 or, instructed. n De.34.1. o Is.41.2.3. P 1 Sam.30. 8, 18.

91Sam. 18.6.

7 2Sam. IS. 18.


t Ps. 110.4. Heb.5.6.


13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; m for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and u Mic.6.6. these were confederate with Abram.v ver.22. 14 And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he i Sarmed his 4trained servants, born w He.7.1-10. in his own house, three hundred 5 souls. and eighteen, and pursued them n unto Dan.

15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and o smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.

16 And he brought back p all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.

17 And the king of Sodom q went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king's r dale.

Ps. 24.1.


x Ex.6.8.
y ver. 19.

z Est.9.15, 16.

a 1Ti.5.18. (CHAP. 15.) à ch.46.2. Num.12.6. Dan. 10.1.

Ac. 10.11,22. b Lu.1.13. c De.33.29. Ps.3.3. 84.11. 91.4.

119.114. Pr.30.5. Ps.142.5. La.3.24. He. 13.5. e ch.30.1.

18 And s Melchizedek king of Sa-d lem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the t priest of the most high u God.

19 And he blessed him, and said, Is.56.5. Blessed be Abram of the most high Ac.7.5. God, v possessor of heaven and f Pr.29.21. earth:

20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him w tithes of all.

21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the 5persons, and take the goods to thyself.

g ch.17.16. h De.1.10. He.11.12. i Ro.4.18.

k Ro.4.3,6,&c Ga.3.6. Ja. 2.23. 1 ch.12.1. m Ju.6.17.


Luke 1.18. Jer.34.18,

o Le.1.17.


22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the y possessor of heaven and earth, 23 That z I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and P ch.2.21. that I will not take any thing that Job 4.13. is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I 9 Ex.12.40.

have made Abram rich:


r Ex.6.6. 24 Save only that which the youngs Ex.12.36. men have caten, and the portion of

His seed's servitude foretold. the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion. a


1 Abram is encouraged.

4 A son

promised: 6 he is justified by faith. 7 Canaan is again promised.

AFTER these things the word of

the LORD came unto Abram is a a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy e shield, and thy exceeding d great reward.

2 And Abram said, Lord Gor. what wilt thou give me, seeing I go e childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus? 3 And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my housef is mine heir. 4 And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine gown bowels shall be thine heir.

5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, h if thou be able to number them. And he said unto him, i So shall thy seed be.

6 And he believed in the LORD; and he k counted it to him for righteousness.

7 And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee / out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it.

8 And he said, Lord GOD, m whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?

9 And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.

10 And he took unto him all these, and divided n them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but o the birds divided he not.

11 And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.

12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep p fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.

13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict g them four hundred years;

14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will Ir judge: and afterward shall they come out with great s substance.

15 And thou shalt go to thy fa thers in peace; thou shalt be bu

Abram's vision.

ried in a good old age. t


16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet u full.

17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and la burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

B. C. 1913. | hands.

t ch.25.8.

Job 5.26.

u Mat.23.32. 1Th.2.16.

1 a lamp of fire. (CHAP. 16.)

a ch.21.9.


c ch.20.18.

18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, say-d ch.30.3,9. ing, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,

20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, 21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.

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Now Sarai, Abram's wife, bare

him no children: and she had an handmaid, an a Egyptian, whose name was b Hagar.

2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD c hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, d go in unto my maid; it may be that I may lobtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.

be builded by her.

e 1 Sa, 1.6.8. Pr.30.23. fch.31.53. 1Sa.24.15.

2Ch.24.22. g 1 Pet.3.7. that which is good in

thine eyes. 3 aflicted


h ch.25.18. i 1 Pet.2.18.

i. e. God shall hear. ch.21.20.

l ch.25.18. m Pr.5.21.

si. e. the well of him that liveth and seeth me.


a ch. 18. 14.

3 And Sarai, Abram's wife, took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.b 4 And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was e despised in her eyes. 5 And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived. I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge f between me and thee.

6 But Abram said unto Sarai, g Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai 3dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.


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1 Ki.2.4.
2 Ki.20.3.

or, upright
or, sincere.

De. 18.13.
Job 1.1.

Ps. 105,8,11. Gal.3.17.18. d ch.13.16. 22.17.

2 multitude

of nations. e Neh.9.7. 3 i. e. father of a great multitude.

7 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain f Rom.4.17. in the way to Shur. h g ver. 16,20.

8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.

9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and i submit thyself under her

ch.35.11. h ch.28.13.


4 of thy sojournings. i ch.48.4.


Ishmael's destiny.

10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.

11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name 4Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.

12 And he will be a wild & man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.

13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou m God seest me for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?

14 Wherefore the well was called 5Beer-lahai-roi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.

15 T And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.

16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.

5 A

CHAPTER XVII. 1 The covenant is renewed. bram's name changed. 10 Circumcision instituted. 16 Isaac promised.

ND when Abram was ninety

A years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, a I am the Almighty God; b walk before me, and be thou 1perfect.

2 And I will make my c covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.

3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,

4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt bed a father of 2many nations.

5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but e thy name shall be 3 Abraham; for fa father of many nations have I made thee.

6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make g nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.

7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, h to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.

8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land 4wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting i possession; and I will be

Sarai's name changed. their God. k


9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.

10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

B. C. 1898.

k Ex.6.7.

1 Ac.7.8.


a son of
eight days.

m Ex. 12.44.

Abraham circumcised. his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every inale among the men of Abraham's house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.

24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you. 12 And She that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born m in the house, or bought with money of 6 i, e. Prin-born in the house, and bought with any stranger, which is not of thy seed.

26 In the selfsame day was Abran Ex.4.24. ham circumcised and Ishmael his Jos.5.2,&c. son.

13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

14 And the uncircumcised man child, whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off n from his people; he hath broken my covenant.

15 T And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but 6Sarah shall her name be.

16 And I will bless her, o and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will


o ch.19.10.

she shall

p ch. 18. 12.

q ch.25.13,


r ch.21.2.

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bless her, and 7 she shall be a mo- (CHAP. 18.) pass not away, I pray thee, from

ther of nations; kings of people shall be of her.

17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, p and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old?: and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?

18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!

a ch.13.18.


b ch.19.1.

c Heb. 13.2.
1 Pet.4.9.

d ch.43.24.

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19 And God said, Sarah thy wife 1 stay. shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, e Ju.5.25. and will multiply him exceedingly; q twelve princes shall he beget; and I will make him a great nation. f ver. 14. 21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time ring ch.17.19, the next year.

22 And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.

2 Ki.4.16.

21. Rom.9.9. Gal.4.23.

23 T And Abraham took Ishmael

thy servant :

4 Let a little d water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore 2 are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.

6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, 3Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.

And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetched a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.

8 And he took butter, e and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

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Abraham intercedes for Sodom. GENESIS, XIX. heard it in the tent door, which B. C. 1898. was behind him.

11 Now Abraham and Sarah wereh Rom.4.19. h old and well stricken in age; and Heb.11.11, it ceased to be with Sarah i after the manner of women.

12 Therefore Sarah k laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed/old shall I have pleasure, my m lord being old also?

i ch.31.35.

A ch.21.6.

Ps. 126.2. 7 Lu. 1.18.


13 And the LORD said unto Abra-m 1 Pet.3.6. ham. Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear aj child, which am old?

11 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, o and Sarah shall have a son.

15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh. p

16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way. q

17 And the LORD said, Shall I r hide from Abraham that thing which I do;

n Nu.11.23. Jer.32.17. Mat. 19.26.

2Ki.4.16. p Ps.44.21. Pr. 12. 19.

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Ac. 15.3.
Ro. 15.24.

r Ps.25.14.

Jno. 15.15. s ch.12.3.


t De.4.9, 10.

Ps. 78.5-8.


18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be s blessed in him? 19 For I know him, that he will u 1 Sam.2.30. command his children and his v ch.13.13. household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do w ch.11.5. justice and judgment; that the Ex.3.8. LORD may bring upon Abraham x Jos.22.22. that which he hath spoken of him.u 20 And the LORD said, Because the v cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

Ps. 139.1.
Jer. 17.10.

Lu. 16. 15.

y Jer.30.21. Heb. 10.22. Jam. 5.17.

21 I will go down w now, and see whether they have done altogetherz Nu. 16.22. according to the cry of it, which is a Job 8.3. come unto me; and if not, r I will know.

22 And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the LORD.

23 And Abraham y drew near, and said, Wilt z thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked? 24 Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?





b Is. 10.22.

c Job 4.19.
d Ju.6.39.

e Job 33.23.
(CHAP. 19.)

a ch. 18.22.

b Heb. 13.2.

25 That be far from thee to after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that e Lu.24.28. the righteous should be as the d ch.18.8. wicked, that be far from thee: a Shall not the Judge of all the earth e Ju. 19.22. do right?

His request promised.

| 26 And the LORD said, b If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.

27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am c but dust and ashes.

28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, if I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it.

29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty's sake. 30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there. 31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty's sake.

32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: d Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten's sake. e

33 And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.


1 Lot entertaineth two angels. 24 Sodom and Gomorrah destroyed, etc.

AND there a came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them, rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;

2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn bin, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said. Nay; chut we will abide in the street all night. 3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; dand he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat. 4 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter:

5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? e bring them out unto us, that we may know them.

Lot fleeth from Sodom.

GENESIS, XIX. 6 And Lot went out at the door B. C. 1898. unto them, and shut the door after him,

7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly.f

8 Behold now, I have two daughters, which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, gand do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof. 9 And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, hand he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.

10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door. 11 And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with so that they wearied themselves to blindness, both small and great:

find the door.

f Lev. 18.22.
Rom. 1.24.
1 Cor.6.9-

Jude 7.


5 Rom.3.8.
h Ex.2.14.
2 Pet.2.7,8.
i 2 Ki.6.18.

Ac. 13.11.
k ch.18.20.
11 Ch.21.15.


mNum. 16.26
Rev. 18.4.
n Ex.9.21.
2 Ch.36.16.
Lu. 17.28.



or, punish
are found.


o Ps.34.12.

12 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? sonin-law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou P1 Sa. 19.11. hast in the city, bring them out of this place:

1 Ki. 19.3. q ver.26.

7 1 Ti. 1. 14.

Sodom destroyed.

hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saying my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, s lest some evil take Ime, and I die:

20 Behold now this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: tOh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.u 21 And he said unto him, See, 1 have accepted 3 thee v concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.

22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called 4 Zoar.

23 The sun was 5 risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar. 24 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone a and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

25 And he overthrew those cities, which grew y upon the ground. and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that

26 But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became za pillar of salt.

27 And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where a he stood before the LORD:

13 For we will destroy this place, 28 And he looked toward Sodom because the k cry of them is waxen and Gomorrah, and toward all the great before the face of the LORD; 1 Sam.27.1. land of the plain, and beheld, and,

and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.

14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons-in-law, which married his daughters, and said, m Up, get ye out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked n unto his sons-in-law.

15 And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the 2 iniquity of the city.

16 And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful o unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.

17 TAnd it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape p for thy life; q look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed. 18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord!

19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou

t Pr.3.5-7.
u Ps. 119.175.


thy face.

Jer. 14. 10.

w ch.32.26,
Mark 6.5.
4 i. e. little.
5 gone forth.
x De.29.23.

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lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.

29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, cwhen he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.

30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the d mountain, and his two daughters with him, for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:

32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with hin, that we may preserve seed of our father.

33 And they made their father drink wine that night: e and the first-born went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. 34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us

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