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1. Repeat the Collect for SainT BARTHOLOMEW THE APOSTLE. O Almighty and everlasting God, who didst give to thine Apostle Bartholomew grace truly to believe and to preach thy Word ; Grant, we beseech thee, unto thy Church, to love that Word which he believed, and both to preach and receive the same ; through Jesus Christ our Lord. “Amen.
2. Who was St. Bartholomew ?
An apostle of Christ, and named as such in the catalogue of the apostles in St. Matthew's Gospel, in St. Mark, St. Luke, and the Acts of the Apostles, but not by St. John. St. John, however, mentions many things of another disciple, called Nathaniel, of whom the other evangelists do not speak; and many therefore think that Nathaniel and Bartholomew is the same person. He is said to have preached the Gospel in Armenia and Albania, and also in India, where he was put to death.
3. What did God give the apostle Bartholomew grace to do?
To believe and preach his Word. “ And they went out and preached that men should repent.” (Mark vi. 12.)
4. What do we pray the Church may love ?
That Word which he believed. “ How sweet are thy words unto my taste, yea, sweeter than honey to my mouth.” (Ps. cxix. 103.)
5. Shew that the Church ought to preach and receive the Gospel.
“ Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season.” (2 Tim. iv. 2.) “Receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.” (James i. 21.)
1. Repeat the Collect for Saint MATTHEW THE APOSTLE. O ALMIGHTY God, who by thy blessed Son didst call Matthew from the receipt of custom to be an Apostle and Evangelist ; Grant us grace to forsake all covetous desires, and inordinate love of riches, and to follow the same thy Son Jesus Christ, who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
2. Who was St. Matthew ?
He was the last called of the apostles, and is also named Levi. He was called by Jesus Christ from his occupation of publican or tax-gatherer, and immediately followed Him. He wrote the Gospel which bears his name, about eight years after the ascension of Christ. He preached the Gospel in Ethiopia, where he is thought to have suffered martyrdom.
3. Relate the manner of his call.
“As Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom, and he saith unto him, Follow me; and he arose and followed him.” (Matt. ix. 10.)
4. What do we ask grace to forsake ?
“ Take heed, and beware of covetousness.” (Luke xii. 15.) “For the love of money is the root of all evil; which while some coveted after they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.” (1 Tim. vi. 10.)
5. Whom do we ask grace to follow?
Jesus Christ; who has said, “If any man serve me let him follow me; and where I am, there also shall my servant be.” (John xii. 26.)
1. Repeat the Collect for Saint MICHAEL AND ALL ANGELS.
O EVERLASTING God, who hast ordained and constituted the services of Angels and men in a wonderful order ; Mercifully grant, that as thy holy Angels alway do thee service in heaven, so by thy appointment they may succour and defend us on earth; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
2. Why is this festival celebrated by the Church ?
In thankfulness to God for the benefit we receive from the ministry of the holy angels.
3. How is St. Michael represented in Scripture ?
As an angel of great power, triumphing over the devil. there was war in heaven. Michael and his angels fought agai the dragon; and the dragon fought, and his angels, and prevailed not." (Rev. xii. 7.)
4. What has God constituted and ordained in a wonderful manner ?
The services of angels, and men. “And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders, and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God.” (Rev. vii. 11.)
5. Shew that the holy angels always do God service in heaven.
“ And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne, and the beasts, and the elders, and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.” (Rev. v. 11, 12.)
6. Why do we pray that they may succour and defend us on earth?
As in time past they have succoured God's people, we, therefore, pray God that they may do the same for us.
7. Give some instances in which the angels of God have succoured men?
"Then came two angels to Sodom at even; and when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.” (Gen. xix. 1. 15.)
“ And behold the angel of the Lord came upon him, and he smote Peter on the side, and raised him up, saying, Arise up quickly: and his chains fell off from his hands.” (Acts xii. 7.)
1. Repeat the Collect for Saint LUKE THE EVANGELIST.
Almighty God, who calledst Luke the Physician, whose praise is in the Gospel, to be an Evangelist and Physician of the soul ; May it please thee, that, by the wholesome medicines of the doctrine delivered by him, all the diseases of our souls may be healed ; through the merits of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen,
2. Give a short account of St. Luke.
He was born at Antioch, and it is thought that he practised physic at Rome. He was the “beloved physician” mentioned by St. Paul. (Col. iv. 14.)
He wrote his Gospel about seven years after his joining St. Paul, whom he never left till his death : and the Acts of the Apostles about the year 61, and after having preached the Gospel in various countries, suffered martyrdom.
3. In what part of St. Paul's writings is he called “the brother, whose praise is in the Gospel ?”
In 2 Cor. viii. 18.
An Evangelist and physician of the soul. “I said, Lord be merciful unto me, heal my soul, for I have sinned against thee.” (Ps. xli. 4.)
5. What benefits do we pray to receive through the doctrines delivered by St. Luke?
That the diseases of our souls may be healed. “ Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses.” (Matt. viii. 17.)
6. Through whom will this be accomplished ?
Through Jesus Christ our Lord. « Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits; who forgiveth all thine iniquities, who healeth all thy diseases.” (Ps. ciii. 2, 3.)
1. Repeat the Collect for Saint SIMON AND SAINT JUDE, A POSTLES. O ALMighty God, who hast built thy Church upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the head corner-stone ; Grant us so to be joined together in unity of spirit by their doctrine, that we may be made an holy temple acceptable unto thee; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
2. Who was St. Simon?
He was surnamed the Canaanite and Zelotes, and was one of the apostles of Christ, to whom he was related. He is said to have preached the Gospel in Mesopotamia, also in Egypt, and Africa, and to have suffered martyrdom in Persia.
3. Who was St. Jude?
He was brother of James, and a relative of the Lord. “ His brethren James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas.” (Matt. xiii. 55.) St. Jude had two surnames Lebbæus and Thaddeus. He preached the Gospel in Mesopotamia, Arabia, and Idumea, and suffered martyrdom at Berytus.
4. Upon what has God built his Church? Upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets. “ Ye are no
more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God, and are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets.” (Eph. ii. 19, 20.)
5. Who is the head corner-stone of the Church?
“ Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone." (Eph. ii. 20.) The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner.” (Matt. xxi. 42.)
6. In what do we pray to be joined together by their doctrine ? In unity of spirit. “Be ye all of one mind.” (1 Pet. iii. 8.) 7. What do we form when we are so united ? An holy temple, acceptable to God. “Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.” (1 Pet. ii. 5.)
1. Repeat the Collect for All Saints' Day. O ALMighty God, who hast knit together thine elect in one communion and fellowship, in the mystical body of thy Son Christ our Lord; Grant us grace so to follow thy blessed Saints in all virtuous and godly living, that we may come to those unspeakable joys, which thou hast prepared for them that unfeignedly love thee; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
2. Is this feast of great antiquity?
It is not; but at the Reformation, when our reformers laid aside the celebration of a great number of martyrs' days, they thought fit to retain this, wherein by a general commemoration our Church gives God thanks for them all.
3. In what has God knit together his elect?
In one communion and fellowship. “For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office; so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.” (Rom. xii. 4, 5.)
4. What is the meaning of the expression “the mystical body of Christ?”
It means the Church, which in a mystical or figurative sense is called his body “ And he is the head of the body, the Church.” (Col. i. 18.)
5. How ought we to follow all the blessed saints ?
In all virtuous and godly living. “ And they continued in the apostles' doctrine, and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.” (Acts ii. 12.)
6. When we do so, to what may we hope to come ?
To those unspeakable joys which God has prepared for them that unfeignedly love Him. “ Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for them that love him.” (1 Cor. ii. 9.)
7. For whose sake will He grant this?
Through Jesus Christ our Lord. « For of him, and through him, and to him are all things, to whom be glory for ever. Amen.” (Rom. xi. 36.)
THE ORDER OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF
THE LORD'S SUPPER, OR HOLY COMMUNION.
1. Why is this Sacrament called “ The Lord's Supper ?"
Because this was one of the names given to it by St. Paul himself. “ And when ye come together into one place, this not to eat the Lord's Supper.” (1 Cor. xi. 20.)
2. Why is it also termed the Holy Communion ?
This is plainly another Scriptural name given to the same holy Sacrament. “The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ ?" (1 Cor. x. 16.)
3. What term was applied to the services repeated at the celebration of the Lord's Supper ?
“ The Liturgy;" for though this term, in its general sense, is applied to the whole English Prayer Book, yet it formerly had a restricted sense, which it generally bears in the writings of the Ancients, denoting the service used in the celebration of the holy Communion.
4. Is the form used in the Administration of the Lord's Supper of great antiquity ?
Yes; the expressions of the English Liturgy have continued in this Church for above twelve hundred years, and in the Christian Church for fourteen hundred years; many parts we trace back for sixteen hundred years; much to the Apostolic age.
5. Are these expressions derived from the modern offices of the Roman Church ?
No; but from the ancient Gallican, Spanish, Egyptian, and Oriental Liturgies, or from the ancient English offices used in this country from the sixth century, and which were derived from the Roman offices of the first four or five centuries after Christ, and before many of the Roman heresies were introduced.
6. Repeat the first part of the Rubric. 9 So many as intend to be partakers of the holy Communion shall signify
their names to the Curate, at least some time the day before. 7. Why is this ordered ?
That the minister of the parish might have time to inform himself of the parties who intend to receive, so that if there be any among them unqualified, he might either persuade them to abstain, or repel them.