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The United States is represented at the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York by the U.S. Mission to the United Nations under the direction of a Permanent Representative. The mission serves as the channel of communication between the U.S. Government and UN organs, agencies and commissions at the Headquarters; with the 165 other permanent missions accredited to the United Nations; and with various nonmember observer missions. It is also the base of operations for U.S. Delegations to the General Assembly and to other UN bodies when they meet in New York.
The U.S. Representative to the United Nations, who is also the Chief of Mission, and holds the rank of Ambassador, represents the United States in the Security Council. He or she is assisted by other persons of appropriate title, rank and status appointed by the President.
The mission staff includes specialists in political, economic, social, financial, budgetary, legal, military, public affairs and administrative matters. In 1991 about 140 persons were assigned to the mission by the Department of State and other U.S. departments and agencies.
The staff assists the U.S. Representative in such activities as planning the tactical pursuit of U.S. policy objectives in UN organs and bodies; carrying out consultations, negotiations and liaison with other delegations and the UN Secretariat; preparing policy recommendations to the Department of State; reporting to the Department of State on consultations and developments in the United Nations; discharging U.S. responsibilities as host government; carrying out public affairs activities; and planning and administering conference operations.
The U.S. Mission to the European Office of the United Nations and Other International Organizations, headquartered in Geneva, is under the direction of a U.S. Representative with the rank of Ambassador. The mission is responsible for representing U.S. interests at the UN European headquarters; UN subsidiary bodies in Geneva (e.g., UN Human Rights Commission, UN Conference on Trade and Development, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Economic Commission for Europe, and UN Disaster Relief Organization); specialized agencies with their headquarters in Geneva (International Labor Organization, World Health Organization, World Meteorological Organization, International Telecommunication Union and World Intellectual Property Organization); and other international bodies such as General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Conference on Disarmament, Intergovernmental Organization for Migration and International Committee of the Red Cross. The mission maintains contacts with resident delegations of other nations in Geneva as well as with nongovernmental or voluntary organizations involved in humanitarian affairs.
The mission is charged with pursuing U.S. interests in this range of agencies, furthering U.S. policy goals in such fields as international health, humanitarian assistance, human rights and the environment, reporting on developments and making policy recommendations to the Department of State. The mission is responsible for assuring sound UN management practices and the most effective use of U.S. contributions to the United Nations and specialized agencies.
The mission staff includes economic, political, labor, environmental, financial resource management, scientific, agricultural, health, public affairs, international development, refugee and migration and administrative personnel. About 150 Americans are assigned to the mission, along with 100 local employees.
The Permanent Representative often heads or serves as alternate on delegations to large conferences. Other officers of the mission represent the United States at the hundreds of international meetings and conferences held in Geneva each year.
The mission offers administrative support to the various U.S. Delegations involved in bilateral arms reduction talks with the Russian Federation. It also provides administrative support for the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (GATT negotiations) and the U.S. Delegation to the multilateral Conference on Disarmament.
The United States maintains a permanent mission in Vienna, U.S. Mission to the UN System Organizations, under a Permanent Representative with the rank of Ambassador. The mission provides representation to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), UN International Drug Control Program (UNDCP) and UN Office at Vienna (UNOV). Under UNOV there is the Center for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs (CSDHA) which is made up of divisions and units dealing with aging, women's advancement, youth, the handicapped and crime control.
In addition to maintaining contact with the permanent missions of other nations, as well as with nongovernmental organizations, the U.S. permanent mission participates in the day-today oversight of these organizations. The mission staff includes political, economic and nuclear energy specialists, and numbers 15 full-time American employees.
Other U.S. Missions
The United States also maintains a mission to the UN agencies for food and agriculture in Rome, a mission to the International Civil Aviation Organization in Montreal, liaison offices with the UN Environment Program and Habitat in Nairobi and an observer mission to UNESCO in Paris.
Permanent Representative and Chief of Mission to the United Nations: Thomas R. Pickering
Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations: Alexander F. Watson
Deputy Permanent Representative to the Security Council: M. James Wilkinson (through January 28, 1991); George E. Moose (from August 2, 1991)
Representative on the Economic and Social Council: Jonathan Moore
Alternate Permanent Representative for Special Political Affairs: Shirin Tahir-Kheli
U.S. Representative to the European Office of the United Nations, Geneva: Morris B. Abram
U.S. Representative to International Organizations, Vienna: Michael H. Newlin (through August 1991); Jane E. Becker (from September 6, 1991)
46th regular session (New York, Sept. 17-Dec. 20)
Subsidiary and Other Bodies
UN Scientific Committee on Effects of Atomic Radiation
1. The Secretary of State, James A. Baker III, served as chairman of the delegation, ex officio, during his presence at the session.