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U.S. POLICY TOWARD SYRIA AND THE SYRIA

ACCOUNTABILITY ACT

HEARING

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE MIDDLE EAST

AND SOUTH ASIA

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ONE HUNDRED SEVENTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

H.R. 4483

SEPTEMBER 18, 2002

Serial No. 107-119

Printed for the use of the Committee on International Relations

Available via the World Wide Web: http://www.house.gov/international relations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

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WASHINGTON : 2002

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512–1800; DC area (202) 512–1800

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COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois, Chairman BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York

TOM LANTOS, California JAMES A. LEACH, Iowa

HOWARD L. BERMAN, California DOUG BEREUTER, Nebraska

GARY L. ACKERMAN, New York CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH, New Jersey ENI F.H. FALEOMAVAEGA, American DAN BURTON, Indiana

Samoa ELTON GALLEGLY, California

DONALD M. PAYNE, New Jersey ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida

ROBERT MENENDEZ, New Jersey CASS BALLENGER, North Carolina

SHERROD BROWN, Ohio DANA ROHRABACHER, California

CYNTHIA A. MCKINNEY, Georgia EDWARD R. ROYCE, California

EARL F. HILLIARD, Alabama PETER T. KING, New York

BRAD SHERMAN, California STEVE CHABOT, Ohio

ROBERT WEXLER, Florida AMO HOUGHTON, New York

JIM DAVIS, Florida JOHN M. MCHUGH, New York

ELIOT L. ENGEL, New York JOHN COOKSEY, Louisiana

WILLIAM D. DELAHUNT, Massachusetts THOMAS G. TANCREDO, Colorado

GREGORY W. MEEKS, New York RON PAUL, Texas

BARBARA LEE, California NICK SMITH, Michigan

JOSEPH CROWLEY, New York JOSEPH R. PITTS, Pennsylvania

JOSEPH M. HOEFFEL, Pennsylvania DARRELL E. ISSA, California

EARL BLUMENAUER, Oregon ERIC CANTOR, Virginia

SHELLEY BERKLEY, Nevada JEFF FLAKE, Arizona

GRACE NAPOLITANO, California BRIAN D. KERNS, Indiana

ADAM B. SCHIFF, California JO ANN DAVIS, Virginia

DIANE E. WATSON, California MARK GREEN, Wisconsin

THOMAS E. MOONEY, SR., Staff Director/General Counsel

ROBERT R. KING, Democratic Staff Director

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE MIDDLE EAST AND SOUTH ASIA

BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York, Chairman DAN BURTON, Indiana

GARY L. ACKERMAN, New York STEVE CHABOT, Ohio

HOWARD L. BERMAN, California JOHN M. MCHUGH, New York

BRAD SHERMAN, California JOSEPH R. PITTS, Pennsylvania

ROBERT WEXLER, Florida DARRELL E. ISSA, California

ELIOT L. ENGEL, New York ERIC CANTOR, Virginia

JOSEPH CROWLEY, New York JO ANN DAVIS, Virginia

JOSEPH M. HOEFFEL, Pennsylvania DANA ROHRABACHER, California

SHELLEY BERKLEY, Nevada PETER T. KING, New York

ADAM B. SCHIFF, California
JOHN COOKSEY, Louisiana

HILLEL WEINBERG, Subcommittee Staff Director & Counsel
David S. ADAMS, Democratic Professional Staff Member
DEBORAH BODLANDER, Professional Staff Member
PAUL BERKOWITZ, Professional Staff Member

MATTHEW ZWEIG, Staff Associate

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The Honorable Richard K. Armey, a Representative in Congress from the

State of Texas

The Honorable Eliot L. Engel, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York

Elias Saadi, Council of Lebanese American Organizations

The Honorable Edward M. Gabriel, President, American Task Force for Leb-

The Honorable William A. Reinsch, President, National Foreign Trade Coun-

cil, Inc.

Matthew A. Levitt, Senior Fellow, Washington Institute for Near East Policy

LETTERS, STATEMENTS, ETC., SUBMITTED FOR THE HEARING

The Honorable Benjamin A. Gilman, a Representative in Congress from the

State of New York, and Chairman, Subcommittee on the Middle East
and South Asia: Prepared statement
The Honorable Richard K. Armey: Prepared statement
The Honorable Eliot L. Engel: Prepared statement

The Honorable Gary L. Ackerman, a Representative in Congress from the

State of New York: Prepared statement

Elias Saadi: Prepared statement

The Honorable Edward M. Gabriel: Prepared statement

The Honorable William A. Reinsch: Prepared statement

Matthew A. Levitt: Prepared statement

APPENDIX

The Honorable David Satterfield, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for

Near Eastern Affairs: Prepared statement

The Honorable Darrell E. Issa, a Representative in Congress from the State

of California: Prepared statement

The Honorable Robert Wexler, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Florida: Prepared statement

The Honorable Joseph Crowley, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York: Prepared statement

The Honorable Shelley Berkley, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Nevada: Prepared statement

American Task Force for Lebanon-The Minority Report

The Lebanese Information Center: Prepared statement

Archie W. Dunham, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Conoco

Inc.: Prepared statement

Patriarch Disclaims Aoun's Support of U.S. Sanctions Against Syria

Addoum: Aoun, others could face charges: Article by Youssef Diab, Daily

Star correspondent dated September 23, 2002

Rumsfeld on Iraq: "Goal is disarmament: From CNN.com, dated September

23, 2002

“Dear Colleague” letter from the Honorable Nick J. Rahall, a Representative

in Congress from the State of West Virginia, and the Honorable John

D. Dingell, a Representative in Congress from the State of Michigan, dated

June 11, 2002

97

U.S. POLICY TOWARD SYRIA AND THE SYRIA

ACCOUNTABILITY ACT

WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2002

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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE MIDDLE EAST AND SOUTH ASIA, , COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,

Washington, DC. The Subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10:04 a.m. in Room 2172, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Benjamin A. Gilman, Chairman, presiding.

Mr. GILMAN. The Committee will come to order. Will the Members please take their seats. Due to time constraints, besides my opening statement, we will forego all other openings.

It's my pleasure to welcome our witnesses today, and as soon as they arrive, we will be able to get started.

In his June 24th address on the Middle East, President Bush put Syria on notice, stating that:

"Syria must choose the right side in the war on terror by clos

ing terrorist camps and expelling terrorist organizations. Yet Syria's words and actions since then have not been those of a state that shares our commitment, both to our twin goals of eradicating global terrorism and fostering stability in the Middle East.

Rather, with a few exceptions taken in its self-interest, Syria had demonstrated that it continues to actively undermine the basis for our campaigning against terrorism and our initiatives aimed at ending the violence in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza.

According to the State Department's report on Patterns on Global Terrorism—2001, Syria continued to provide "safe haven and logistics support to Hezbollah, HAMAS, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, and other terrorist organizations."

Syria's President Bashar al-Assad has allowed Hezbollah, the Lebanese terrorist group under his patronage, to intensify its military activities along Israel's northern border. Working closely with Iran, Syria has facilitated the transfer of thousands of rockets and other weaponry to Hezbollah, boosting their arsenal and significantly improving their ability to carry out terror attacks against Israel. Of the seven state sponsors on the Administration's list, only Syria rivals Iran in its unabashed support for terrorism.

In addition to Syria's support for terrorism, Syria continues its illegal occupation of Lebanon in contravention of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 425 and 520.

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