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a thing, and, presto, it was done, and much more than that into the bargain: my mind was set in motion, my spirits stirred and quickened, and raised to their proper height. I watched the cloud, and dissipated it at its first gathering, as well knowing that, if it could grow but to the largeness of a man's hand, it would spread out every where, and darken
whole horizon. Oh that this example might be as profitable to others as the practice has been to myself! How rich would be the reward of this book, if its readers would but take it to heart in this one article; if the simple truths that it here speaks could prompt them to take their happiness into their own hands, and learn the value of industry, not from what they may have heard of it, but because they have them-selves tried and felt it! In the first place, its direct and immediate value, inasmuch as it quickens, and cheers, and gladdens every moment that it occupies, and keeps off the evil one by repelling him at the outposts, instead of admitting him to a doubtful, perhaps a deadly, struggle in the citadel; and again its more remote, but no less certain, value, as the mother of many virtues, when it has once grown into the temper of the mind; and the nursing mother of many more.
And if we gain so much by its entertainment, how much more must we not lose by its neglect! Our vexations are annoying to us, the disappointments of life are grievous, its calamities deplorable, its indulgences and lusts sinful; but our idleness is worse than all these, and more painful, and more hateful, and in the amount of its consequences, if not in its very essence, more sinful than even sin itselfjust as the stock is more fruitful than any branch that springs from it. In fine, do what you will, only do something, and that actively and energetically. Read, converse, sport, think, or study-the whole range
open to you-only let your mind be full, and then you will want little or nothing to fulfil your happiness.
127.-Introduction to the Night-Thoughts.
Youxg. (We scarcely know whether the Night Thoughts' of EDWARD Young have ceased to find a place in the libraries of general readers. Half a century ago they were amongst the most popular of poems,
and were reprinted in every collection which bore the name of 'Eng. lish Classics.' There are some things in them which ought not to be forgotten. Their general tone is gloomy; their satire is harsh ; there is much of meretricious ornament in their illustrations; the blank verse wants the musical flow of the great masters of that noble instrument; but they are strikingly impressive; and we have few productions more calculated to arrest the career of levity-perhaps only for a passing moment-by presenting to its view", the vast concerns of an eternal scene. Young's Satires, entitled “The Love of Fame;' are sometimes looked at; and they stand out to advantage amidst the poetical mediocrity of the age which succeeded Pope. His tragedies are forgotten, in their false sublime of language and exaggerated display of character. Edward Young was born in 1684, according to the most correct accounts, and died in 1765. He did not take orders in the Church till 1727.]
Tired Nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep,
From short (as usual) and disturb'd repose,
in the grave
Of life stood still, and Nature made a pause;
Silence, and Darkness! solemn sisters ! twins
you The grave, your kingdom; there this frame shall fall A victim sacred to your dreary shrine. But what are ye?
Thou who didst put to flight
Through this opaque of nature, and of soul,
The bell strikes one. We take no note of time,
How much is to be done! My hopes and fears
alarm’d, and o'er life's narrow verge
How poor, how rich, how abject, how august,
'Tis past conjecture; all things rise in proof;
Why then their loss deplore, that are not lost ?
They live! they greatly live a life on earth
128.—DEPOSITION OF KING RICHARD II. A French knight or gentleman, whose name has not been preserved, has left a most interesting account of the sudden and tragical downfall of one of the unhappiest of English sovereigns. Like many of his countrymen, he was attracted to England by Richard's marriage with a princess of France. He came over to London in the spring of the year 1399, and remained in close attendance on King Richard about seven months, and until that fallen sovereign was brought to London as a prisoner by Henry Bolingbroke, duke of Lancaster. Then, returning to his own country, the Frenchman immediately wrote an account of all that he had seen of the behaviour and sufferings of Richard. His manuscript, which formerly belonged to Charles of