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INTRODUCTORY NOTICE.

The Editor of this volume has but little to urge in defence of his presumption in presenting the students of Sophokles with the present work. With the deepest sense of his own want of proper qualification accompanying him at every step in the progress of his work, he has, nevertheless, striven to persuade himself that he should render a service, not altogether unprofitable or unacceptable, in clothing in an intelligible English form the more important results of the labors of abler and more gifted minds. If this hope is not realized, no one will be more ready to confess the entire failure of his ill.judged effort than himself.

Little need be said as to the objects contemplated in the present undertaking. The Editor's chief desire may be stated in brief to be that the divine tragedy he has presumed to edit should be its own interpreter. In subordination to this end he has em oyed some diligence and care in the endeavor to collect the best assistance from ancient and modern sources that was within his reach. The text and Scholia are principally from the first Laurentian manus

nuscript and the Membranæ of Brunck, but the various readings exhibited by other manuscripts are also mentioned and frequently discussed. Constant reference has been made to the works of the old Grammarians and Lexicographers. The chief merit of the book will be found to consist in the collation of the notes of MUSGRAVE, BRUNCK, Johnson, ERFURDT, JAEGER, Porson, ELMSLEY, SCHAEFER, HERMANN, LOBECK, NEUE, and WUNDER, and it is trusted that nothing of real im. portance in the commentaries of these distinguished scholars has been omitted. Upon this point it will be sufficient to observe, that the Editor claims nothing for himself beyond whatever inerit may be attached to the effort he has made to throw open the labors of the great names already mentioned, and to render them accessible to the tyro by arranging and combining them within the limits of a single book. Considerable pains has been taken to render “suum cuique,” and if this has not been done in every instance it is owing either to oversight, or to the fact that the limits of the volume were too contracted to render it possible to state the source whence every reference or suggestion has been derived. The grammatical notes of HERMANN are in the opinion of the Editor a most valuable portion of the work, whilst the vast and unparalleled erudition of LOBECK will tell its own tale to every reader. The wants of the tyro have also received a large share of his attention, as the numerous references to the Grammars of JELF, MATTHIAE, BUTTMANN, and KRUEGER will evince. Great efforts have been made to shorten and simplify the statement of important syntactical principles, and to illustrate them by repeated reference and comparison. Why add more? The book itself will explain most satisfactorily what has been done and what left undone.

The Editor cannot, however, conclude this notice quite so briefly. It would be crime and shame if he did not seize the opportunity of referring in the most emphatic and grateful terms to the inestimable aid which he has received in the progress of this work from one who lives in the affections of all who are privileged to enjoy his acquaintance, and whose exquisite taste and consummate scholarship are only equalled by the unaffected modesty with which on every occasion he avoids their display. From the commencement of his labors to their close the Editor has appealed to that learning, and been supported by the ready extension of encouragement and assistance, whose importance to himself it is impossible to overstate. Palmam qui meruit, ferat, and if this book should meet with public favor, a result so fortunate will be as justly due to the aid afforded in its preparation by the Eliot Professor of Greek in Harvard Uni. versity, as to the zeal and industry of the writer of these lines. America can justly boast of many advantages, but the noblest boast of every land is, after all, its scholars.

The acknowledgments of the Editor are cheerfully tendered to the Publisher and Printer for the efforts they have made to present his book to the notice of the public in the attractive form in which it now appears, and in particular to Mr. Bigelow, for the great care and accuracy with which he has superintended the correction of the press.

The Editor will no longer tax the patience of his readers, but will conclude by assuring them of the great gratification that he shall receive, if, in a distant land, it shall be his lot to hear that his book is regarded by those who are competent to judge as a useful contribution to the cause of sound classical learning in America.

A TABLE

OF THE

CORRESPONDING LINES IN THE PRESENT EDITION,

AND IN THOSE OF

BRUNCK, HERMANN, LOBECK, AND WUNDER.

[The second column (Brunck) corresponds with the numbers adopted by Dindorf, and

with the references in Jell's Greek Grammar and Liddell and Scott's Lexicon.]

HERM.

BR.

WUND 1

BR.

LOB.

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

189

198

209

219

226

236

245

253

263

273

283

LOB.

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

201

211

221

228

238

247

255

265

275

285

10

20

30

40

50

6)

70
80
90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

189

198

208

219

225

235

244

252

262

272

282

287

297

307

317

327

336

343

353

361

369

377

387

3:6

405

415

425

435

445

455

465

475

485

495

505

515

525

536
546
556

300
310
320
330
340
350
360

370)

380

390

400

410

420

430

440

450

460

470

480

490

500

510

520

530

540

550

560

570

580

295

305

315

325

335

345

353

363

373

383

393

404

415

425

435

445

455

465

475

485

495

505

515

525

535

545

556

566

576

277

viii

TABLE OF THE CORRESPONDING LINES.

HERM LOB. WUXD.

954 1010 989 986 983
964 1020 999 996 993
974 1030 1009 1006 1003
984 1040 1019 1016 1013
994

1050 1029 1026 1023
1004 1060 1039 1036 1033
1014 1070 1049 1046 1043
1024 1000 1059 1056 1053
1034 1090 1069 1066 1063
1044 1100 1079 1076 1073
1054 1110 1089 1086 1083
1064 1120 1099 1096 1093
1074 1130 1109 1106 1103
1084 1140 1119 1116 1113
1094 1150 1129 1126 1123
1104 1160 1139 1136 1133
1114 1170 1149 1146 1143
1124 1180 1159 1156 1153
1132 1190 1168 1166 1163
1140 1200 1179 1176 1173
1149 1210 1189 1185 1182
1158 1220 1199 1194 1192
1168 1230 1209 1204 1202
1178 1240 1219 1214 1212
1188 1250 1229 1224 1222
1198 1260 1239 1234 1232
1208 1270 1249 1244 1242
1218 1280 1259 1254 1252
1228 1290 1269 1264 1262
1238 1300 1279 1274 1272
1218 1310 1289 1284 1282
1258 1320 1299 1294

1292
1268 1330 1309 1304 1302
1278 1340 1319 1314 1312
1288 1350 1329 1324 1322
1298 1360 1339 1334 1332
1308 1370 1349 1344 1342
1318 1380 1359 1354 352
1328 1390 1369 1364 1362
1338 1400 1379 1374 1372
1348 1410 1389 1384
1358 1420 1399 1394 1392

943

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