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TO GRANT A QUOTA TO EASTERN HEMISPHERE
INDIANS AND TO MAKE THEM RACIALLY

ELIGIBLE FOR NATURALIZATION

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BEFORE THE

GOVT. SOURCE

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U.S. Congress. House COMMITTEE ON
IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 173, H. R. 1584, H. R. 1624 H. R. 1746

H. R. 2256, H. R. 2609
BILLS TO GRANT A QUOTA TO EASTERN
HEMISPHERE INDIANS AND TO MAKE
THEM RACIALLY ELIGIBLE

FOR NATURALIZATION

MARCH 7, 8, 13, 14, 1945

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Immigration and Naturalization

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1945

71330

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COMMITTEE ON IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION

SAMUEL DICKSTEIN, New York, Chairman JOHN LESINSKI, Michigan

NOAH M. MASON, Illinois DAN R. McGEHEE, Mississippi

EDWARD H. REES, Kansas A. LEONARD ALLEN, Louisiana

HUBERT S. ELLIS, West Virginia ROBERT RAMSPECK, Georgia

BERNARD W. KEARNEY, New York ED GOSSETT, Texas

LOWELL STOCKMAN, Oregon 0. C. FISHER, Texas

EDWARD O. MCCOWEN, Ohio RALPH H. DAUGHTON, Virginia

WAT ARNOLD, Missouri GEORGE P. MILLER, California

JAMES I. DOLLIVER, Iowa E. H. HEDRICK, West Virginia

EDGAR A. SHARP, New York
WILLIAM A. BARRETT, Pennsylvania

J. R. FARRINGTON, Hawaii
MIRIAM WYDRA, Clerk

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TO GRANT A QUOTA TO EASTERN HEMISPHERE INDIANS AND TO MAKE THEM RACIALLY ELIGIBLE FOR NATURALIZATION

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1945

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION,

Washington, D. C. The committee convened at 10 a. m., the Honorable Samuel Dickstein (chairman) presiding.

The CHAIRMAN. This hearing is called on H. R. 173, the Celler bill; H. R. 1584, the Luce bill, a similar bill; and H. R. 2256, the Dirksen bill, which is also a similar bill. In view of the fact that Congressman Celler was the author of the first-named bill, I will call him as the first witness. Mr. Celler.

(The bills referred to follow:)

(H. R. 173, 79th Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL To authorize the naturalization and the admission into the United States under a quota of Eastern

Hemisphere Indians of India and descendants of Eastern Hemisphere Indians of India Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That so much of section 303 of the Nationality Act of 1940, as amended, or precedes the proviso is amended to read as follows:

“Sec. 303. The right to become a naturalized citizen under the provisions of this Act shall extend only to white persons, persons of African nativity or descent, descendants of races indigenous to the Western Hemisphere, Chinese persons or persons of Chinese descent, and Eastern Hemisphere Indians of India or persons descended from Eastern Hemisphere Indians of India.”

SEC. 2. With the exception of those coming under subsections (b), (d), (e), and (f) of section 4, Immigration Act of 1924 (43 Stat. 155; 144 Stat. 812; 45 Stat. 1009; 46 Stat. 854; 47 Stat. 656; 8 U. S. C. 204), all Eastern Hemisphere Indians of India or persons descended from Eastern Hemisphere Indians of India entering the United States annually as immigrants shall be allocated to the quota for Eastern Hemisphère Indians of India computed under the provisions of section 11 of the said Act. A preference up to 75 per centum of the quota shall be given to Indians born and resident in India or its dependencies.

SEC. 3. For the purposes of this Act, the term “Eastern Hemisphere Indian of India” shall mean a person who is as much as one-half of the Eastern Hemisphere Indian of India race and not as much as one-half of a race ineligible to citizenship.

(H. R. 1584, 79th Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL To authorize the naturalization and the admission into the United States under a quota of Eastern

Hemisphere Indians and descendants of Eastern Hemisphere Indians Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That so much of section 303 of the Nationality Act of 1940, as amended, or precedes the proviso is amended to read as follows:

“Sec. 303. The right to become a naturalized citizen under the provisions of this Act shall extend only to white persons, persons of African nativity or descent, descendants of races indigeous to the Western Hemisphere, Chinese persons or

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