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PERIOD I.] HISTORY OF CAIN, ABEL, AND SETH.

2. CAIN, ABEL, AND SETH.

Genesis iv.-v. 5.

Cain was the eldest son of Adam and Eve. His brother Abel was their second son. Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. They both brought offerings to God. Cain's offering was of the fruits of the earth. Abel's offering was of the 'firstlings of his flock. God accepted Abel and his offering, but unto Cain and his offering he had not respect. Cain became very angry, and his countenance fell. The Lord reproved Cain, and said "Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? If thou doest well, shalt thou

not be accepted ?"

And Cain talked with Abel his brother; and it came to pass when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. The Lord then said unto Cain, "What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground, and now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand; when thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive, and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth." Cain feared that some one would slay him, but the Lord said unto him, "Whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold." And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. Here he built a city, and had many descendants. One of his descendants, named Jabal, invented tents; another, Jubal, invented musical instruments; another, Tubal, was an artificer in brass and iron.

God gave Adam and Eve a son who was called 'Seth. He was a good man. His descendants were called the children of God. The descendants of Cain were called the children of men. Adam was one-hundred-and-thirty years old at the birth of Seth. Adam and Eve had many other sons and daughters. Mankind increased very fast because they lived so long. Adam lived nine-hundred-and-thirty years.

"THE CURSE OF CAIN." [4004-2348 B.C.

NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS.

Cain-possession;' implying a high sense of value; Éve imagined this child was the promised deliverer, hence she exclaimed on first seeing him 'I have gotten a man from Jehovah.' Abel- vanity;' this name plainly shows that our first parents had their hopes centred in Cain, in contrast with whom they esteemed this child as 'vanity.'

tiller a husbandman, a cultivator of the ground.

offerings-things dedicated to God, as expressive of the gratitude and dependance of the offerer.

fruits-produce of the soil. firstlings-the first born. accepted showed favour towards by a visible sign.

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tents-these were the constant dwellings of men in early times; the coverings of the tents were generally of coarse hair-cloth. Lessons 7,20,116.

musical instruments-many are mentioned in the Bible which will be described under their respective names.

artificer-a clever workman in arts executed by the hand; a worker in metals.

Seth a substitute;' because given instead of Abel; the invention of letters is ascribed to him.

GEOGRAPHICAL NOTE.

NOD-land of wandering;' was a country east of Eden. It was so named because Cain the "fugitive" dwelt there, when he fled from the presence of his bereaved and sorrowing parents, after he had murdered his brother.

THE CURSE OF CAIN.

"WHERE IS ABEL THY BROTHER ?"

O the wrath of the Lord is a terrible thing!
Like the tempest that withers the blossoms of spring,
Like the thunder that bursts on the summer's domain,
It fell on the head of the homicide Cain.

And lo! like a deer in the fright of the chase,
With a fire in his heart, and a brand on his face,
He speeds him afar to the desert of Nod-

A vagabond smote by the vengeance of God.

All nature to him has been blasted and bann'd,
And the blood of a brother yet reeks on his hand;
And no vintage has grown, and no fountain has sprung,
For cheering his heart, or for cooling his tongue.

PERIOD I.]

ENOCH, THE DELUGE, ETC.

The groans of a father his slumbers shall start,
And the tears of a mother shall pierce to his heart,
And the kiss of his children shall scorch him like flame,
When he thinks of the curse that hangs over his name.

And the wife of his bosom-the faithful and fair-
Can mix no sweet drop in his cup of despair;
For her tender caress and her innocent breath,
But stir in his soul the hot embers of wrath.

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And his offering may blaze-unregarded by Heaven;
And his spirit may pray-yet remain unforgiven,

And his grave may be close'd-but no rest to him bring:
O the wrath of the Lord is a terrible thing!

W. KNOX.

3. ENOCH. METHUSELAH. NOAH. THE DELUGE. Genesis v. 6-vii.

•Enoch was a descendant of Seth. God took him to heaven when he was three-hundred-and-sixty-five years old, because he walked with God. Seth died some years after, being nine-hundred-and-twelve years old. Enoch had a son named Methuselah. He was the oldest man that we read of. He lived nine-hundred-and-sixty-nine years. Methuselah had a son named Lamech. Lamech was the father of Noah. When Noah was born Lamech said he should comfort them. Noah became the father of three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

The wickedness of men increased on the earth. God said he would destroy mankind by a Flood, but he would save Noah and his family. God commanded Noah to make an 'ark of wood. He said "Behold I do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die. But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee. And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep

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them alive with thee; they shall be male and female. Of fowls after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive. And take unto thee of all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them."

Noah obeyed God by building the ark; while it was being built he warned mankind of the approaching flood. He then went into the ark, as God had commanded him; the rain began to fall, and the fountains of the great deep were also broken up. The waters increased on the earth forty days and forty nights. The waters rose above the highest mountains. All flesh died, except Noah, his family, and the living things that were with them in the ark. The waters prevailed on the earth one-hundred-and-fifty days.

NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS.

Enoch-dedicated;' this highly favoured saint foretold the judgment of God upon the wicked. Jude 14,15. This prophecy had, no doubt, a primary reference to the flood which God brought in upon the ungodly.

took him-removed him from this world without dying. St. Paul says "God translated him that he should not see death."

walked, &c.-his feelings, thoughts, and conduct were in agreement with the known character of God.

Methuselah-blessed be God.' Lamech-sending;' he died about five years before the flood.

Noah-rest,' or 'comfort;' his father probably had a prophetic intimation that this son should be the peculiar object of the divine favour and the medium of blessing to the world; hence, concluding that he was the promised Saviour, he called him Noah.

Shem-name,' 'renown; his five sons peopled the most delightful dis

tricts of the East. From him descended the Messiah, who is called the plant of renown,' whose fame shall extend all over the earth. Ezekiel xxxiv. 29.

Ham-hot; referring, no doubt, to the regions his descendants would inhabit.

Japheth-extension;' fulfilled in his numerous and wide-spread posterity. wickedness-daring sin; opposition to God's will, and denial of his power. increased-became daily less tolerable. flood-the waters were to cover the earth as they did at first. Less. 1. ark-a vessel to float on the waters. establish-make sure; confirm. covenant-the divine promise. Less. 4. warned-told them of their danger. fountains-sources of rivers and springs. Job xxviii. 10,11, and Ezek.

xxvi. 19.

all flesh died-because the human family had become morally corrupt.

PERIOD I.]

ENOCH'S EXAMPLE.

WALKING WITH GOD.

"ENOCH WALKED WITH GOD."

To "walk with God"-this Enoch did,
And thus God's children do;
They "walk by faith, and not by sight,"
With Jesus full in view.

To "walk with God"-as two dear friends,
Conversing every day;

Such company will make amends
For troubles by the way.

To"walk with God"-that child who would,
Must with his God agree;

Sin he abhors-and loves what's good-
And heaven he longs to see.

To"walk with God"-Ah! this is bliss!
Our heaven begun below;

And in a world of snares like this,

It saves from many a foe.

To "walk with God" is my desire,
Whatever others do;

And lest I weary grow, and tire,
I'll lean upon him too.

Yes, gracious God! I'll lean on thee-
Thy promises, thy word,

My strength and my support shall be,
Along this painful road.

And, when my journey here is done,
O let me come to thee;

And sit with Jesus on his throne,
Thy glorious face to see.

COWPER.

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