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reproached-severely blamed; chided. sunset until sunrise, and probably during

Levites—descendants of Levi. Lesson the day also. 32, Levites.'

incense-altar—incense was composed

of pardonforgive; pass by without

gums & spices which God expressly punishment.

named; frankincense being the cbief

ingredient. None but the priests were blnt out-take them from the living ; to burn it, and they were to burn it just as the names of those who died morning and evening before the Lord.' were blotted out from the registry of their respective tribes. Less. 26,“ die.'

burnt-offering—the sacrifice; a type

of the sacrifice of Christ for our sins. wise-heartedskilful in design and execution.

vestments--garments; priestly robes, construct-form ; erect; build.

ephoda small cloak made of linen

for the ordinary priests ; of cotton, tabernacletent of the Lord; it had coloured with crimson, purple, and blue, moveable walls of boards, and within it for the High Priest. On each shoulder the services of God's worship were per of the ephod was a precious stone, on formed until the completion of Solo- which were engraved the names of mon's temple. Lesson 68.

the twelve tribes, six on each. curtains—to divide the tent, and to breastplatethe breastplate formed separate the most holy from the holy the front part of the ephod, it was set place; also for covering it, and for with twelve precious stones in frames of hanging before the entrance.

gold, bearing the names of the twelve ark—a chest in which were deposited Tribes. It is believed that upon it were the pot of manna (Lesson 21) and the presented visible manifestations of the tables of the law; it was placed in the Divine Will with reference to any in. inner division of the tabernacle; the ark quiry made by the priest. was overlaid with gold.

robe-a long linen gown of light blue, shittim-wood-considered to be a spe. all of one piece, with a hole at the top cies of acacia wbich grows abundantly for the head to pass through, and on in the deserts of Arabia.

each side for the arms. To this robe mercy-seatthe lid or covering of the bells and pomegranates were attached. ark. It was so called because a cloud broidered coat-a robe with sleeves rested upon it indicative of the presence to the wrists, it was worn both by the of Jehovah. Before it the high priest high priest and the ordinary priests. stood to ask counsel of the Lord and

girdlethis was made of fine twined blessings for the people.

linen, embroidered with blue, purple, cherubim-small figures with the hu- and scarlet; it was long enough to be man face, and the wings of a bird; they wound several times round the body, were placed at each end of the merry and was worn over the coat. seat, covering it with expanded wings. mitre—a turban of fine linen with a

tableupon it were placed twelve plate of pure gold in front, on which was loaves of new bread every Sabbath, the inscribed “HOT.INFSS TO THE LORD.” old loaves having been previously re- consecrated-formally set apart for moved by the priests. Leviticus xxiv, 8. God's service. These loaves were set before God in

glorythe cloud was the token of gratitude for his bounty, and as a lively God's presence. Lesson 22. emblem of the oneness of the twelve sanclify-Lesson 20. The priesthood tribes—for they were all one bread. was from this time vested in i he sons of The priests ate of this bread; but it was Aaron, and continued in his family till unlawful for others to do so. Less. 48, Christ came. The other families of the • hallowed.'

tribe of Levi had duties assigned to candlestick—the seven sockets were them connected with the service of the daily filled with pure olive oil, and the tabernacle, but they were not eligible lighits were certainly kept burning from for the priesthood.


[1635-1451 B.C.


How beautiful the lessons taught

By Israel's journeyings still appear;
With what divine instruction fraught,

For christian pilgrims to revere.
And many a law whose influence sway'd

The earlier chosen of the Lord,
Divinely understood, may aid

Our holy progress Zion-ward.
Have we no ark in this our day?

Are tent and tabernacle gone?
No cloud to tell us when to stay ?

No radiant light to lead us on?
What if those outward signs are fled,

Their hidden meaning long shall last,
And souls, by Christ their Captain led,

Learn present wisdom from the past.
Such when the cloud has veil'd from sight

Their ark within, awhile must rest,
And wait the dawning of that light

Whose guidance heretofore has blest.
But when the fire with brightness burns,

And when the shadowy cloud is gone,
These, as the light of grace returns,
In hope and gladness journey on.



Leviticus ix.-Numbers x. When Aaron made his first offerings to the Lord for himself, and for the people, as Moses commanded him, the glory of the Lord appeared unto all the people, and there came a •fire out from before the Lord, and consumed the burnt-offering upon the altar, which when all the people saw they shouted upon

their faces. Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them

*censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the Lord, which he commanded them

and fell


PERIOD 111.) OFFERINGS, ETC. CHARGE OF THE LEVITES. not. And there went out fire from the Lord, and devoured them, and they died before the Lord. The people took the bodies of Nadab and Abihu and buried them outside of the camp. God then commanded that the priests should not drink wine nor strong drink when they went into the Tabernacle, lest they should die.

God gave Moses many laws for the Israelites. Some of them are called the ceremonial law; they relate to sacrifices and offerings in general, to religious feasts and fasts, to cleansings of various kinds, to forbidden food and forbidden pleasures. The principal offerings were the Burnt-offering, Meat-offering, Peace-offering, Sin-offering, and Trespass-offering. Another class of laws were for the guidance of the judges and rulers in the government of the nation ; these laws are called the civil .code. All these ordinances and laws the Israelites were commanded strictly to observe.

Two men strove together in the camp, and one of them blasphemed and cursed God. He was put into prison. Moses inquired of the Lord how he was to be punished. God said he was to die. The people took him outside the camp, and stoned him until he died. His mother was Shelomith, an Israelitish woman, but his father was an Egyptian.

The descendants of Levi were called Levites. When the children of Israel journeyed in the Wilderness of Sin, God said the Levites were to serve him in the Tabernacle. He accepted them instead of the firstborn of the Israelites. Moses consecrated them. Their business was to instruct the people, to wait on the priests, and to take care of all things belonging to the tabernacle. The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari; their descendants .constituted the three orders of Levites ; the Gershonites had charge of all the coverings, hangings, and curtains of the tabernacle ; they were to encamp on the western side of the tabernacle. The Kohathites were appointed to carry the ark and the sacred vessels, the table, and the candlesticks : they were to encamp on the southern side of the tabernacle. The Merarites had the care of the boards, pillars and sockets, of the tabernacle, and of the court round about; they were to encamp on the northern side of the tabernacle.

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NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS. fire-probably the mode by which ceived, or of supplication for blessings God testified his acceptance of Abel. needed, the other offerings were atone. Less. 2, 'accepted;' & Less. 81, 'fire.' ments for sin.

censer—a pan, or small vase, used for code_book; body, or series of laws. carrying the fire in which the incense

ordinances-observances; ceremonies was' burned from the altar to other ordered to be observed. places.

stoned—this horrid mode of destroystrange—irregular; the fire they used ing life was inflicted on idolaters, was not taken from the altar, but from blasphemers, sabbath-breakers, and fire in common use.

rebellious children; the witnesses deroured-consumed; burned up. Less. against them were required to com. 88, 'consumed.

mence the dreadful punishment, after when—perfect sobriety in all who which the assembled multitude comconducted the service of the Lord was pleted it. Lesson 26, 'stoned.' henceforward enjoined, which leads to instead it was commanded that the the conclusion that Nadab and Abihu first-born of all the tribes should be were drawn into the sin of which they devoted to God, as Israel's expression had been guilty by an improper indul- of gratitude for their deliverance from gence in wine.

the destroying angel; but now God laws-rules ; directions to be ob- chose the tribe of Levi, and accepted served.

them for his service instead of the firstburnt offering, &c.—with the excep-born of all Israel. Less. 20, “sanctify.' tion of the peace-offering, which was a constituted-formed of parts or secsacrifice of gratitude for mercies re- tions.


This is the abode where God doth dwell,

This is the gate of Heaven,
The shrine of the Invisible,

The Priest, the Victim given.
O holy seat, O holy fane,

Where dwells the Omnipotent,
Whom the broad world cannot contain,

Nor Heaven's high firmament.
Here, where the unearthly guest descends

To hearts of innocence,
And sacred love her wing extends

Of holiest influence.
Let no unhallow'd thought be here

Within that sacred door;
Let nought polluted dare draw near,

Nor tread the awful floor;
Or, lo! the avenger is at hand,
And at the door doth stand!

Child's CHRISTIAN Year.


Numbers x. 33-xiii.

When the children of Israel journeyed from Mount Sinai, the ark of the 'covenant went before them three days' journey to seek for a resting place for them. And when the ark set forward, Moses said, “•Rise up, Lord, and let thine enemies be scattered ; and let them that hate thee flee before thee.” And when it rested, he said, “ Return, O Lord, to the many thousands of Israel.”

The people again complained, and the Lord was greatly displeased; he sent down fire, which consumed many of them. Moses prayed for them, and the fire was quenched. The place was called Taberah. They came to Kibrothhataavah ; there they murmured for flesh, God was angry and sent them quails; the people ate them and were .afflicted with a great plague ; and many died. Moses complained of the great burden of governing the people ; God appointed seventy elders to assist him. The spirit of God which rested

upon Moses descended on the seventy elders, and they 'prophesied. Two of them, called Eldad and Medad, did not go into the tabernacle, but taught in the camp ; Joshua desired Moses to forbid them from prophesying, but Moses would not; he said, “Would God that all the Lord's people were prophets, and that the Lord would put his spirit upon them !” Miriam and Aaron .spake against Moses, because he had married an Ethiopian woman. For this the Lord punished Miriam with ·leprosy ; she became white as snow, shut out of the camp for seven days.

God commanded twelve men to be sent to search Canaan ; a man out of each tribe. Moses therefore sent twelve men, that were heads of the people, from Kadesh-barnea ; and he said unto them, “Go see the land what it is; and the people that dwelleth therein, whether they be strong or weak, few or many; and what the land is that they dwell in, whether it be good or bad ; and what cities they be that they dwell in, whether in tents, or strong holds; and what the land is, whether it be fat or lean, whether there be wood therein or not, and be of good courage, and bring of the fruit of the land.”

and was

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