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THE LAW DELIVERED. [1635-1451 B.C.
A toilsome life, perchance a grave,
As ever was thy bitterest wave.
Are render'd, through his love divine,
Change'd by his power like Cana's wine.
Which sweetness gave, or could restore,
Which he who bears repines no more.
Guide to our Elim's happy shore,
22. THE DELIVERY OF THE LAW.
Exodus xx. 1-21. The people were 'sanctified and gathered around the mountain, and the third day there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud, so that all the people that were in the camp trembled. And God spake all these words, saying, “ .I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
1. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
2. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain ; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name .in vain. 4. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days
PERIOD Ili.] THE COMMANDMENTS. shalt thou labour, and do all thy work : but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God : in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, thy maidservant, 'nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates : for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the
sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and “hallowed it.
5. Honour thy father and thy mother; that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
6. Thou shalt not kill. 7. Thou shalt not commit adultery. 8. Thou shalt not steal. 9. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 10. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's."
When the people saw the Law delivered amidst thunders and lightnings, and the mountain smoking, and heard the noise of the trumpet, they feared exceedingly and stood afar off. The glory of God was on Mount Sinai six days, and on the seventh day God called Moses into the mount, and he remained there forty days. Then God gave him the two tables of stone, with the Ten Commandments written on them.
NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS. sanctified-externally purified. practices which are pleasing to God is
God spake—the voice of the Lord God to dislike him; to prefer any pleasure was heard speaking out of the
fire ; the to that of worshipping God in spirit and commandments were spoken audibly, so
in truth is to hate him. Luke x. 16. loud as to be heard by the immense in vain—unnecessarily; thoughtlessly. multitude gathered round the mount, holy-separate; implying that it was hut no similitude or form was seen not to be a day of labour. whence that voice proceeded.
nor, &c.—this blessed provision for I am, &c.—God proposes himself as the advantage of God's creatores the sole object of religious worship. extends to the domestic animals which
jealous-God will not allow balf. labour for man, and to those persons heartedness in his service; people who are strangers to religion, as well as cannot give themselves partly to God to faithful servants of God. and partly to the world.
hallowed—consecrated; set apart for upon the, &c.—that is if their character religious service. be that of their fathers-haters of God.
honour-respect; reverence; esteem; hate me—to dislike those habits and obey.
THE MORAL AND SPIRITUAL LAW. [1635-1451 B.C. that thy-filial piety, or the cultivation, the fourth commands scrupulous abstinand practice of the domestic virtues, ence from manual labouron the sabbath, draw down God's blessing; undutiful and the entire d-dication of the day to ebildren are generally godless, and as the Lord's service; these four commandthe condition npon which God promised ments teach our duties to God. The to preserve Canaan to the Israelites fifth enjoins on children the duly of was obedience to his commands, so any obedience to parents, and adds the violation of them would render their promise of a blessing to those who possession of it iess secure.
observe it: the sixth forbids anger, hacovet—10 long for; to desire ear- fred, revenge, and such other feelings as nestly that which is another's.
lead to murder; the seventh forbids all
uncleanness and pollution in thought glory-a brilliant and splendid display. Psalm xix. 1; Less. 23, glory' word, or act, for these sins are included
in adultery; the eighth forbids injustice, Ten Commandments—the first forbids cheating, evading the payment of debts, idolatry in its worst form-worshipping and all extravagance under the term any other being or thing than God; the theft; the ninth forbids lying, deceit, second forbids the making of any sup- equivocation slander, backbiting, tuleposable likeness of the Great Being for bearing ; and the tenth forbids us the purpose of worshipping God through wish to possess the goods of another, a representation; the third inculcates including discontent, ambition, self-love, the utmost reverence for the name of envy, which are all sources of covetousGod, forbidding its use in a light, ness. These six commandments show thougbtless, or upnecessary manner; lus our duties to our fellow-creatures.
THE SPIRITUAL LAW.
THOU MAYST DO IT."
That law within would shine,
Soar not on high,
That vaulted sky
Nor launch thy bark
Which has no ark,
Then do not roam
At home! At hume !
Oh' seek it there,
PERIOD 111.) THE CALF MADE AND WORSHIPPED. 23. THE GOLDEN CALF. THE TABERNACLE.
Exodus xxxii.-xl. While Moses was in the mount, the people became impatient; and Aaron, at their desire, made them a golden calf, which they worshipped. God told Moses of the heinous sin which the people had committed ; and he said, “ This is a stiffnecked people, now therefore let me alone that my
may wax hot against them; and I will make of thee a great nation.” And Moses besought the Lord for the people ; reminding him of his promises to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, that he would multiply their seed as the stars, and give them the land of Canaan. Then the Lord repented him of the evil which he said he would do unto them. Moses then came down with the two tables of stone in his hand ; but when he saw the people dancing, and worshipping the golden calf, he was greatly grieved, and he threw down the two tables of stone, and broke them. He reproached Aaron: and according to God's command, he appointed the Levites to punish the Israelites for this sin. Three thousand of those who worshipped the calf were slain by the Levites.
Moses again besought the Lord to 'pardon the people; but God said, “ Whosoever hath sinned, him will I blot out of my book.” God then sent a plague among them. The Lord also refused to go with them up to Canaan. The people mourned for their sin, and prayed that God would forgive them. Moses also entreated the Lord to go with them. The Lord then consented to lead the people.
The Lord wrote again the Ten Commandments on two tables of stone, and gave them to Moses. God directed two .wise-hearted men, Bezaleel and Aholiab, to construct the Tabernacle; the people brought gold and silver, brass, wood, and other free-offerings for the work, more than enough, and the tabernacle was made with its 'curtains and coverings according to all that the Lord commanded. Bezaleel and Aholiab also made the vessels and furniture for the tabernacle; the Ark was made of shittim-wood; the .mercy-seat
-which was the lid or covering of the ark, was of pure gold ; and on it small winged figures, called cherubim, were placed.
THE TABERNACLE MADE AND ERECTED. [1635-1451 B.C. The •table was made of shittim-wood, and the dishes, spoons, and covers, which were kept on it, of pure gold. The candlestick, with six branches, was made of pure gold ; the incense-altar was of shittim-wood, overlaid with gold; the altar of burnt-offering was of shittim-wood, overlaid with brass ; and the vessels of the altar—the pots, shovels, basons, flesh-hooks, and fire-pans, were made of brass ; the laver, which held water, in which the priests washed their hands and feet was also made of brass. Vestments were made for the priests; the chief of these were the ephod, with its ·breastplate of precious stones, the 'robe, the .broidered coat, the girdle, and the 'mitre.
After all was finished the tabernacle was erected in the wilderness; the coverings were put on it, the furniture and vessels were anointed and placed within it, and the tabernacle was .consecrated to the Lord. Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the 'glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in their journeys; but if the cloud was not taken up, then they journeyed hot till the day that it was taken up.
God chose Aaron and his sons to be priests. They were to offer prayers and sacrifices to God for the people. Moses consecrated them with oil, and the blood of bulls and rams. They were required to live holy lives. God promised to 'sanctify Aaron and his sons, to serve him.
NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS. impatient—unable to bear delay; and moved with compassion towards the in the absence of Moses they desired miserable, or he is entreated by their some visible image of the Deity. prayers, and does not execute bis
calf-in imitation of the idolatry of threatenings. Ezekiel xviii. 21-32. Egypt; where a calf, or young hullock
evil—harm; injury; destruction. was worshippet at their principal feasts. worshipped-not as God, but as his
dancing-according to the custom of representative.
the Egyptians at their religious festi
vals. This custom was followed in stiff necked-self-willed; headstrong; ancient times not only by idolaters but obstinate.
by the worshippers of the True God. besought-prayed earnestly.
2 Sam. vi. 14 ; Ps. xxx. 11. This sacred repented—God changes not his pur- dancing was not for amusement. poses as man does, nor regrets as though threw down—from a sudden and powhe had committed an error; but he is ersul emotion of displeasure.