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PERIOD III.] PHARAOH'S HOST DROWNED. than that we should die in the wilderness.” And Moses said unto the people, “•Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will show to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever. The Lord shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace."

By the command of God, Moses was to lift up his rod over the sea, and the water would divide, that the Israelites might pass through the sea. The angel of the Lord then 'went behind the camp of the Israelites; the cloud also removed from before their face, and stood behind them. And the cloud was darkness to the Egyptians, but it gave light by night to the people of Israel ; so that the one came not near the other all the night.

Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the waters were divided. The children of Israel passed through the sea on dry ground. The Egyptians pursued them with their chariots and horses. Moses, by the command of God, again stretched his rod over the sea ; the waters returned, and Pharaoh's host was drowned. Thus the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians.

NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS. further instructions—all the congregation repentedregretted ; wished they had not were to eat of the passover. Strangers and let the Israelites depart: they had overcome proselytes who were dedicated to God their first grief and terror, and wished to might eat of it; it was to be eaten in one have their slaves again in bondage. house, roasted whole, & not a bone broken. his host-a large number of warriors ; a

sanctify-set apart; to devote ; to keep mighty army. from every employment but that of the

encamping-preparing to pitch their tents Lord's public service. Less. 24,. instead.'

that they might have some rest, for they memorial--a means by which the memory had by this time walked about 100 miles. of an event or person is preserved ; stones, chariots-cars on which to ride; two kinds pillars, statues, are sometimes erected as

are mentioned in the Bible-those used memorials.

merely to ride in, and war-chariots. took-in obedience to Joseph's dying in- thou-an ungrateful return to Moses for junction (Less. 16); though they left Egypt his pious and patriotic devotion to their in haste they did not omit this duty. national welfare. Such conduct is not to

went—that is the visible tokens of God's deter the great-minded from doing good as presence, as their unerring guide and they find opportunity. protector, accompanied them ; they were tell thee-long-continued oppression had thus prevented from going astray, while bowed down their spirits, and deprived they had evidence that they had a more them of those aspirations for liberty and exalted leader than Moses.

| independence which men naturally feel.

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fear, $0.-insensibility to danger is not GEOGRAPHICAL NOTES. here en joined, but calm reliance on the RED SEA-called also the Arabian Gulf, power of God.

separated Arabia on the east, from Egypt divide-hemmed in by mountains, no

and Abyssinia on the west ; it is 1,400 escape was left them but by the miracle miles in length, and averages 140 in width. which was thus wrought in their behalf; the PIHAHIROTH — opening of the valley ;' the spot at which the waters were divided cannot route of the children of Israel was at first now be pointed out with certainty.

direct for Canaan, but when they came to went behind—the pillar of fire which had manded them to turn, an order which they

the edge of the wilderness' God comgone before the Israelites was now removed obeyed, and which led them into a narrow to the rear; it gave light to the Israelites, defile—the Red Sea being on their left, and while the cloud concealed them from the

a mountain range on their right, 'shut in Egyptians.

by the wilderness' without any means of drowned—it is by no means clear that escape, unless through the

The Pharaoh perished in the Red Sea with his Egyptians were thus tempted to follow army.

them to their own destruction.



Ye daughters and soldiers of Israel, look back,
Where—where are the thousands who shadow'd your track-
The ariots that shook the deep earth as they rollid-
The banners of silk, and the helmets of gold ?
Where are they—the vultures, whose beaks would have fed
On the tide of your hearts ere the pulses had fled ?
Give glory to God, who in mercy arose,
And strew'd mid the waters the strength of our foes.
When we travell’d the waste of the desert by day,
With his banner-cloud's motion he marshall'd our way ;
When we saw the tire'd sun in his glory expire,
Before us he walk'd, in a pillar of fire.
But this morn and the Israelites' strength was a reed,
That shook with the thunder of chariot and steed :
Where now are the swords and their far-flashing sweep,
Their lightnings are quench'd in the depths of the deep.
O thou—who redeemest the weak one at length,
And scourgest the strong in the pride of their strength -
Who holdest the earth and the sea in thine hand,
And rulest Eternity's shadowy land-
To thee let our thoughts and our offerings tend,
Of virtue the Hope, and of sorrow the Friend ;
Let the incense of prayer still ascend to thy throne,



Exodus xv.-xix. When Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea-shore they feared the Lord, and believed the Lord, and his servant Moses. Then the Israelites sang a song of praise to God. They entered the wilderness of Shur, and after three days' journey came to Marah, where the waters were bitter. They murmured, saying, “ What shall we drink ?" The Lord shewed Moses a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, they were made sweet. They came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm-trees; here they encamped.

They left Elim, and came into the Wilderness of Sin. Here they murmured against Moses and Aaron, because they wanted .bread. Then the Lord said unto Moses, “ I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall gather it every day.” On the sixth day they were to gather a double portion, because the morrow was the sabbath, when there should be noné. A pot of the 'manna was laid up,

and kept ; so that their children might see the food with which the Lord fed them in the wilderness. God also gave them quails, saying, “At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread.”

The Israelites again murmured against Moses, because they wanted water. God told Moses to smite the rock in Horeb, and water should come out of it. He did so, and the Israelites drank. The Amalekites came against Israel at Rephidim. Moses stood on the top of the hill, and held up the rod of God during the battle ; when he held up his hand Israel 'prevailed, but when he let it down Amalek prevailed. Moses' hands were heavy; and Aaron and · Hur seated him on a stone and stayed up his hands until the going down of the sun, when the Amalekites were discomfited. And the Lord said unto Moses, 6.Write this for a memorial in a book, and •rehearse it in the ears of ·Joshua; for I will •utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.” After leaving Rephidim the Israelites came into the Wilderness of Sinai. God called to Moses out of the Mount Sinai, saying,

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THE PEOPLE TO BE SANCTIFIED. [1635-1451 B.C. “ Thus shalt thou tell the children of Israel, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then shall ye be a peculiar

treasure unto me above all people ; for all the earth is mine, and ye shall be unto me a kingdom of 'priests, and a holy nation.” The Lord then commanded that the people should be sanctified, for the third day he would come down in the sight of

all the people upon Mount Sinai. Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses, came to him bringing with him Zipporah, Moses' wife, and her two sons, Gershom and · Eliezer; Jethro rejoiced with Moses for all the goodness which the Lord had done to Israel. By the advice of Jethro Moses appointed 'rulers to assist him in the government of the people. Jethro returned to his own land, and Moses went up into the Mount Sinai.

NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS. murmured-grumbled ; complained ; re-God,' because of its connexion with the proached Moses again.

miracles performed by the Lord in Egypt bread-the dough and other food which and in the wilderness. they had brought with them out of Egypt | prevailed-overcame; gained the advantage. had now been consumed.

Hur-one of the chief men in Israel; he heaven-the sky; the clouds. Lesson 1, was the son of Caleb. Less. 25, 26, and 32. 'heaven,' and ' firmament.'

discomfited-routed ; compelled to flee. double-two-fold ; the quantity required

write-Moses was commanded to write in a for two days. This miracle was repeated book —this is the first mention of writing weekly for forty years in order to preserve that we find in Scripture. inviolate the Sabbath, or rest of the Lord ; memorial --a thing to be remembered by. and in attestation of its sanctity.

Lesson 20. manna—the name of the bread from rehearse -repeat; make it known; let it heaven' on which the Israelites were fed not be forgotten. for forty years.

When first it was seen Joshua-' the Lord saves ;' he was the by them they exclaimed Man-hu, 'What captain of the army of Israel at the battle is it?' from this question arose its name. with the Amalekites; he is called the

quails—the quail is a bird similar in form minister of Moses, and he was the leader and habits to the partridge, but not so of the Israelites after the death of Moses. large. At this season, spring, the quails Lessons 29 and 30. migrate in immense flocks from Asia into utterly-completely; none shall remain. Europe; a strong wind would therefore take remembrance - the remembrance of their them out of their direct route, and bring country which cannot now be determined them over the camp of Israel, about which with certainty ; while that of their deeds they fell from fatigue.

and doom was written by Moses. rock-St. Paul refers to this rock as a type peculiar -- particular ; pre-eminent; seof Christ. 1 Cor. x. 4.

lect; having special advantages. rod of God—that which was once the treasure-wealth; riches; they should be humble staff of Moses when tending the the preservers of the riches of divine sheep of Jethro, is here called the rod of revelation, and of the true worship of God.



.] MARAH'S WATERS HEALED. priests – their sacrifices being according to ELIM-the place in the wilderness of Sin God's appointment were acceptable unto at which the Israelites encamped after they him ; while the sacrifices of the heathen left Marah. were abomination in his eyes.

WILDERNESS OF SIN-the wilderness Gershom-'a stranger ;' his father thus which the Israelites traversed between Elim named him, “because,” said he, “I have and Mount Sinai. In this wilderness God been an alien in a strange land."

first sent the Israelites manna, and comEliezer —'God my help:' at his birth manded the observance of the Sabbath. Moses felt secure from the “ sword of Phar- HOREB-refers to a mountain district, or aoh," therefore he expressed his gratitude to group of mountains, from one of which, God in the name he gave to his second son. called Sinai, an extensive and terrible rejoiced-this shows that Jethro was a

wilderness derived its name. The Mount worshipper of the true God; it is generally Horeb where Moses fed Jethro's flocks was believed that he was a descendant of another part of this mountain chain. Abraham. The Kenites and the Rechab

Lesson 17. ites descended from Jethro; they after- AMALEKITES—à powerful tribe, living wards lived among the Jews and became chiefly by predatory warfare; they were desproselytes.

cended from Ham ; their country lay rulersby Jethro's advice they were to be towards the southern extremity of the able men, such as fear God, men of truth land of Canaan. They were the first of and hating covetousness.

nations to oppose the Israelites in their progress to Canaan.

Their existence, as GEOGRAPHICAL NOTES.

a nation, was endangered by Saul, and SHUR—a sandy tract of wilderness, west extinguished in

the time of David. of Arabia Petrea, and between Canaan and Lessons 45 and 53. Egypt. Hagar fled to this wilderness the REPAIDIM-one of the noted encampfirst time she left her mistress.

ments of the Israelites in the wilderness, MARAH— bitterness ;' a place in the near to Mount Horeb, where they wanted Wilderness of Shur to which the Israelites water, and complained bitterly to Moses came after three days'journey from the Red for bringing them out of Egypt. Sea, and where they found the waters so WILDERNESS OF SINAI-the desert which bitter that neither they nor their cattle the Israelites traversed between Rephidim could drink of it. It is supposed that the and Taberah. In this wilderness Jethro bitterness was not permanently removed, visited Moses, judges were appointed, the for travellers inform us of a well, named Tabernacle was erected, and Aaron and Hawarah, the waters of which are now his sons were consecrated. This wilderness bitter, the locality also corresponding had its name from one of the principal with that of Marah.

mountains of the Horeb range named Sinai.


Marah! whate'er the tree might be

Which made thy bitter waters sweet,
The christian in its power may see

Of power divine an emblem meet.
Full many a cup from which the lip

Draws back as from a poisoned bowl,
Through love's divine discipleship

Is rendered grateful to the soul.

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