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shall return to receive the unreserved it was necessary, as their remains had
obedience of all men-Gentiles as well to be conveyed to a considerable dis-
as Jews; for “unto him every knee tance for interment. A few specimens
shall bow, and every tongue confess." of the embalmed bodies of ancient

embalmed—the practise of preserving Egyptians may be seen in the British the dead

Museum. prevailed, and probably originated in Egypt. The process of embalming lasted about ten weeks,

GEOGRAPHICAL NOTE. and generally cost a large sum of ABEL-MIZRAIM-a place on the west money. When embalmed, the body of the Jordan to which the Egyptians was inid in a coffin of stone or wood, accompanied the sons of Jacob when and placed upright against a wall they conveyed their father's body to where it remained a long time, in some Canaan for burial. It was called Abelinstances for years, before it was re- mizraim, or mourving of the Egyptmoved to a vault. The Hebrews did ians', by the Canaanites; it not practise embalming, but in the previously known as “the threshingcase of Jacob, and in that of Joseph, floor of Atad.”





I die, my son! behold, I die!

But cease, my Joseph, cease to weep;
For God, who is our strength on high,

Shall thee and all thine offspring keep ;

And while his stormy wrath shall sweep
The spoil from many a heathen hand,

Our faithful race shall safely reap
The harvest fruits of Canaau's land.
I die, my son! behold, I die!

But thou shalt like a cedar grow;
Shalt lift thy branches to the sky,

And firmly fix thy root below:

For though the archers drew the bow,
And chased thee from thy sire's abode;

Yet thou, where'er thy steps might go,
Wast shielded by the arm of God.
I die, my son ! behold, I die!

And thou shalt lay these limbs distrest
Where Abraham and Sarah lie,

Where Isaac and Rebekah rest;

Where Leah's fond and feeling breast
To death's consuming couch I gave;

Where sleep the faithful and the blest,
In far Machpelah's sacred cave.

W. Knox.




B.C. 1635–B.C. 1451. 184 years.

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Exodus i.-iv. 17. The children of Jacob's sons increased greatly in Egypt. A new king, also called Pharaoh, ruled over Egypt, but he knew not Joseph. He 'oppressed the Israelites with a cruel ·bondage, and made them work like slaves in making .bricks. The children of Israel increased so much, that the king ordered that their male infants should be destroyed. Just before this decree Aaron was born. His father and mother, Amram and Jochebed, were of the tribe of Levi.

The parents of Aaron had another son born. They •hid him for three months. When they could no longer hide him, they placed him in an ark of bulrushes on the brink of the river Nile. The king's daughter came to the river to ·bathe ; she found the child, and called its name ·Moses. •Miriam, the sister of Moses, who was watching the child afar off to see what would become of him, was told to call a nurse for the child, and she fetched his 'mother.

Moses was instructed in all the knowledge of Egypt. At forty years of age he saw an Egyptian smiting an Israelite ; and he slew the Egyptian. The next day he saw two Hebrews quarrelling and he reproved him that did the wrong. He replied to Moses, “Wilt thou kill me as thou didst the Egyptian yesterday.” Moses was then afraid to stay in Egypt because the deed he had committed was known. He fled into Midian, where he fed the flock of Jethro, a priest, forty years. He married Zipporah, Jethro's daughter.

God knew of the bondage of the children of Israel in Egypt ; and he remembered his promise to give them the land of PERIOD III.] GOD APPEARS TO MOSES. Canaan. He appeared to Moses, in a burning bush, on Mount Horeb, and there appointed him to go into Egypt, and demand the release of the Israelites from bondage. Aaron, the brother of Moses, was appointed to be spokesman to the people and to Pharaoh, whenever they should appear before him, because Moses was slow of speech. Moses was commanded to take his rod with him wherewith he should do signs.

NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS. oppressedtreated with harshness | in and without. This plant was also or severity.

called the papyrus, and from it the cruel—inhuman; as nátural enemies; Egyptians made their paper; it was like some beasts with their prey.

also applied to many other useful bondage—slavery ; unpaid servitude. purposes. Lesson 7.

bathe-this necessary act of ablution bricks—were made of clay found on than in this country; and precautions

is more regularly performed in the east the banks of the Nile; the clay was mixed with straw in order to bind it are taken to render public bathingbetter together; the occupation was places safe from observation and

intrusion. dirty and unwholesome, & the drudgery

Moses — drawn so severe that it was always performed daughter not only had this child draron

out;' Pharaoh's by slaves or criminals.

out of the water, but she adopted him as ordered—the power of the king to

This practice of adopting, or doom his subjects to death or banishment was admitted in the east, and is receiving into a family, the offspring of still exercised by barbarous and despotic times and the children so received

others, has prevailed from the earliest sovereigns.

became entitled to all the privileges of decree—a royal command ; a law.


the household as fully as if they had Amramwas a son of Kobath, and a been related by birth. Moses became grandson of Levi; his wife was named entitled to the throne of Egypt by this Jochebed; they were the parents of adoption into Pharaoh's family, thereMoses, whom they hid for three months fore he was educated in all the arts to save him from being drowned.

her son.

and literature of Egypt. Aaron—was the elder son of Amram Miriam— high; she was probably and Jochebed, and the brother of Miriam ten years of age at this time. and Moses. After the delivery of the mother-as Jochebed did not resort Ten Commandments, he became the to an unjustifiable stratagem to save her high priest of the Israelites.

child from the effect of the king's hidto evade the cruel decree of decree, but simply cast herself and her Pharaoh.

child upon the care and interposition

of God, she was rewarded not only by no longer-his cries and sportive seeing her child rescued from death, laughter would attract attention at but also restored to her own bosom,

accompanied by the lavish bounties of bulrushes—the bulrush grew on the the king's daughter. banks of the Nile; baskets and small Jethro-supposed to have been a desboats were made of it, such boats being cendant of Abraham ; he is also called generally coated with pitch both with | Raguel and Reuel.

this age.

MOSES ON HOREB. [1635-1451 B.C. burning bush-a beautiful emblem of GEOGRAPHICAL NOTES. the preservation of the Israelitish NILE—the principal river of Egypt nation in the midst of their fiery fur- which overflows its banks at certain nace of trial in Egypt.

seasons, and thus waters and enriches

the surrounding countries; a figurative demandto ask authoritatively, with allusion to which is made by Jeremiah, a determination not to receive refusal. the prophet. The chief cities, towns, spokesman—the deliverer of a mes- the banks of this river. In Exodus it

and villages of Egypt are built along sage ; Moses was less qualified than is called “the river,” in Isaiah and Aaron to be spokesman to the king.

Jeremiah it is spoken of as the “Sihor.” rod-shepherd's staff.

HOREB desert;' solitude;' a cele

brated mountain of Arabia to tbe west signs-wonderful acts; miracles as of Sinai. Less. 27, 'displeased;' Less. evidences of his divine mission.

29, Meribah.



Go where a foot hath never trod,

Through unfrequented forests flee ;
The wilderness is full of God,

His presence dwells in every tree.
To Israel and to Egypt dead,

Moses the fugitive appears ;
Unknown he lived, till o'er his head

Had fallen the snow of four-score years.
But God the wandering exile found

In his appointed time and place ;
The desert-sand grew holy ground,

And Horeb's rock a throne of grace.

The lowly bush a tree became

A tree of beauty and of light,
Involv'd with unconsuming flame,

That made the noon around it night.
Thence came the eternal voice that spake

Salvation to the chosen seed ;
Thence went the Almighty arm that brake

Proud Pharaoh's yoke, and Israel freed,
By Moses, old, and slow of speech.

These mighty miracles were shown,
Jehovah's Messenger,'—to teach
That power belongs to God alone.




Exodus ix. 27-xi. Moses met his brother in the mount of God, and kissed him. They went to the elders of the children of Israel; and Aaron told them all the words which the Lord had spoken unto Moses, and did signs in their sight. The people believed, and bowed their heads, and worshipped. After this Moses and Aaron went before Pharaoh. They demanded the release of the Israelites. The king would not let the people go, but he made their bondage harder ; and the people of Israel were •wroth with Moses and Aaron. They went again, at God's command, to require Pharaoh to let the Israelites go, but Pharaoh would not hearken to them. God then sent the following plagues on Egypt to punish Pharaoh and the Egyptians : •1. He turned the waters of Egypt into blood for seven days;

the fish died, the river stank, and the Egyptians could

not drink of the water. 2. He caused frogs to come up from the streams and rivers

and ponds, which covered the land of Egypt, and when

they died the land stank. 3. He smote the dust of the land, and it became lice on man

and beast throughout all the land of Egypt. •4 He sent swarms of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and

into the houses of all his people, and the land was

corrupted. •5. He sent a grievous murrain on the cattle of the Egyptians,

and their cattle died; but not one of the cattle of the Israel

ites died. .6. He sent boils and blains on man and beast, throughout all

the land of Egypt. -7. He sent hail, rain, and fire on the land of Egypt, and it

smote all that was in the field, both man and beast, and it

smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree. •8. He sent locusts, which ate up every herb of the land that the hail had left.

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