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FROM THE DELUGE TO THE DEATH OF JOSEPH.
B.C. 2347-B.C. 1635. 712 years.
4. HISTORY OF NOAH AFTER THE FLOOD.
Genesis viii. ix.
God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark; and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters assuaged. The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was 'restrained. And the waters returned from off the earth continually, and after the end of onehundred-and-fifty days the waters were abated; and the ark rested on the mountains of Ararat. Noah sent forth a raven and a dove; the raven did not return, but the dove returned. Seven days after, Noah sent forth the dove again and she returned with an olive leaf in her mouth. Noah sent forth the dove again seven days after, and it returned no more. commanded Noah to leave the ark. Noah did so, and offered a sacrifice to God which he graciously accepted. God then promised that seed-time and harvest, and cold and heat, and 'summer and winter, and day and night, should never cease. God promised never more to destroy the earth by a flood, and as a token of his promise he set his bow in the cloud. He said, "And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth that the bow shall be seen in the cloud; and I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh."
After the flood, Noah planted a vineyard. He made wine of the grapes, of which he drank and was drunken. His son Hammocked him. When Noah rose from his wine, he foretold that the descendants of Ham should be servants to the descendants of Shem and Japheth, whom he blessed because
they were dutiful. One of Shem's descendants was Heber, from whom the Hebrews were probably named. Shem is called the father of all the children of Heber; so that it would appear the Hebrews descended through Shem, the son of Noah.
NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS.
windows-flood-gates; the clouds which retain the rain. Mal. iii. 10. restrained-kept back. Gen. i. 7. returned-gradually sank into their natural beds or channels.
abated-became less and less. raven-a bird that would be lured to feed on dead bodies if any were visible. dove a bird strong in flight, that feeds on the earth, and that loves its home. olive-a beautiful and valuable evergreen; it is abundant in the East.
sacrifice an offering, or a thing devoted to God. Sacrifices were generally consumed by fire.
promised-Lesson 3, 'covenant.' seed-time-from the beginning of October to the beginning of December. harvest-from the beginning of April to the beginning of June.
cold-from the beginning of February to the beginning of April.
heat-from the beginning of August to the beginning of October.
summer-from the beginning of June to the beginning of August.
winter-from the beginning of De
cember to the beginning of February. In Palestine and the neighbouring countries the Arabs still reckon the six divisions of the year here spoken of.
token-a sign or mark of remembrance.
bow-rainbow; thus constituting that which is the invariable result of the sun shining through the rain as a sign of the unchangeableness of God's promise.
vineyard-a plantation of vines. mocked-jeered; laughed contemptuously. Lesson 9, 'offence.'
servants-slaves; Africa, whence the negro slaves are procured, is peopled by Ham's descendants.
Heber or Eber-from the other side'; referring to the emigration of his far-famed descendant, Abraham, from Mesopotamia to Canaan.
ARARAT cursed;' a mountainous district lying near the centre of the kingdom of Armenia; in the north-east portion of the mountain range there are two peaks, the highest of which is said to be 17,000 feet above the level of the sea. It was probably on one of the lower slopes of this mountain that Noah, his family, and the living creatures which had been preserved during the deluge disembarked from the ark.
THE BOW IN THE CLOUD.
"AND THE DOVE CAME IN..AND LO IN HER MOUTH WAS AN OLIVE LEAF."
Sweet Dove! the softest, steadiest plume
In all the sunbright sky,
Brightening in ever-changeful bloom
THE BUILDING OF BABEL.
Sweet Leaf! the pledge of peace and mirth,
Sweet Rainbow! pride of summer days,
Dear tokens of a pardoning God,
As when our fathers walk'd abroad,
God, by His bow, vouchsafes to write
5. THE BUILDING OF BABEL. THE PEOPLING OF THE EARTH.
Genesis xi. 1-9, x. & xi. 10-23.
About one-hundred-and-thirteen years after the flood, many people having journeyed from the East, settled in the plain of Shinar. And they said one to another, "Let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth."
They all spoke one language; but God said he would there confound their language, that they might not understand one another's speech. It was because God wished them to be settled in various parts of the world, that he made them to speak different languages. So they left off to build the city and the tower, and separated from each other. Therefore the name of the place is called Babel because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth; and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth. Thus were they punished.
DESCENDANTS OF NOAH.
The descendants of Shem dwelt in Armenia and the East. The descendants of Ham peopled Canaan, Arabia, Egypt, and Africa. The descendants of Japheth inhabited western Asia and Europe. Nimrod, a descendant of Ham, built several cities in Babylonia. He was the first king. Asshur was a descendant of Shem; he built Nineveh, and other cities. A son of Ham, named Canaan, had eleven sons; they lived in different parts of the land of Canaan, and their descendants were called Canaanites; the eldest, Sidon, was the father of the Sidonians; the other sons of Canaan were the fathers of the Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, Girgasites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Aradites, Zemarites, and Hamathites.
NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS.
settled-had fixed their residence. plain-an open level tract of country. name-make ourselves, renowned by the confederacy we have formed, and the work we have undertaken.
one language-the original language which God gave to Adam.
confound confuse, so as to break all possibility of working in harmony. in various parts-that God's design in creating man-to replenish or fill the earth--might be carried out.
separated parted from each other; spread abroad.
Nimrod-rebel;' the first who assumed dominion over his fellow-men.
Asshur-from whom the country called Assyria received its name.
THE EAST-the portions of the world thus spoken of in the scriptures are generally those which lie east of Judea, particularly Mesopotamia, Armenia, and Persia.
BABEL-'confusion;' the seat of the great confederacy of man to thwart the design of God.
CANAAN-the country inhabited by the descendants of Canaan, a son of Ham. It was a land of great fertility, flowing with milk and honey. God promised Abraham that his posterity should possess this land. Less. 6.
ARABIA a large country south and east of Canaan and to the east of Egypt.
EGYPT an ancient and a celebrated country and kingdom of Africa.
AFRICA-one of the five great divisions of the earth; known in Scripture as the land of Ham.
ASIA-the largest of the five divisions of the earth; the principal countries mentioned in the Old Testament, except Egypt, were in Asia.
EUROPE the smallest of the five divisions of the earth; its inhabitants are intelligent and enterprising.
NINEVEH-the metropolis of Assyria,
SHINAR-an extensive & very fertile plain, and the proper name of Baby-it was founded by Asshur, and situated Jonia; it comprehended much of the on the river Tigris; its remains have countries between the rivers Euphrates been recently discovered, and some of its sculptures brought into England.
FAMILY OF TERAH.
THE VAIN EFFORTS OF MAN.
"LET US MAKE US A NAME."
"Deep be the building laid,
The tower shall reach to heaven;"
With labour vast they toiled,
M. A. STODART.
6. FAMILY OF TERAH. THE CALL OF ABRAM. Genesis ix. 28,29; xi. 23-xii. 9.
Terah, a descendant of Shem, had three sons, named Abram, Nahor, and Haran. Haran was the father of Lot. Terah lived at Ur in Chaldea. Noah was alive when Terah lived in Chaldea. Noah lived to be nine-hundred-and-fifty years old. He probably lived in Armenia after the flood, and died there. Soon after the death of Noah, Abram was born. Haran, the eldest son of Terah, died before his father in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees, leaving one son named Lot,