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The descendants of Shem dwelt in Armenia and the East. The descendants of Ham peopled Canaan, Arabia, Egypt, and Africa. The descendants of Japheth inhabited western Asia and Europe. "Nimrod, a descendant of Ham, built several cities in Babylonia. He was the first king. •Asshur was a descendant of Shem; he built Nineveh, and other cities. A son of Ham, named Canaan, had eleven sons; they lived in different parts of the land of Canaan, and their descendants were called Canaanites ; the eldest, Sidon, was the father of the Sidonians; the other sons of Canaan were the fathers of the Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, Girgasites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Aradites, Zemarites, and Hamathites.


settledhad fixed their residence. BABEL-'confusion;' the seat of the piain-an open level tract of country. great confederacy of man to thwart the name—make ourselves, renowned design of God.

( by the confederacy we have formed, CANAAN—the country inhabited by and the work we have undertaken. the descendants of Canaan, a son of

one language--the original language Ham. It was a land of great fertility, whicb God gave to Adam.

flowing with milk and honey. God proconfound-confuse, so as to break

mised Abraham that his posterity should

up all possibility of working in harmony.

possess this land. Less. 6. in various parts—that God's design in ARABIA-a large country south and creating man-to replenish or fill the east of Canaan and to the east of Egypt. earth--might be carried out.

EGYPT-an ancient and a celebrated separated-parted from each other; country and kingdom of Africa. spread abroad. Nimrod_rebel;' the first who as- sions of the earth ; known in Scripture

AFRICA--one of the five great divi. su med dominion over his fellow-men. as the land of Ham. Asshur-from whom

the country called Assyria received its name.

Asia--the largest of the five divisions

of the earth; the principal countries GEOGRAPHICAL NOTES. mentioned in the Old Testament, except THE EAst—the portions of the world Egypt, were in Asia. thus spoken of in the scriptures are

EUROPE—the smallest of the five generally those which lie east of Judea,

divisions of the earth; its inhabitants particularly Mesopotamia, Armenia,

are intelligent and enterprising. and Persia. SHINAR—an extensive & very

fertile NINEVEH—the metropolis of Assyria, plain, and the proper name of Baby- it was founded by Asshur, and situated Jonia; it comprehended much of the on the river Tigris; its remains have countries between the rivers Euphrates been recently discovered, and some of and Tigris.

its sculptures brought into England.


[23-17-1635 B.C.



“ Deep be the building laid,

The tower shall reach to heaven;"
The boasting word was said,

The proud command was given,
And well the work was plann'd,

Firm was the base and wide,
And who shall stay the hand,

And stop the builder's pride ?
The Lord the work surveyed,

He saw the tower arise,
Whose top they proudly said

Should reach unto the skies.
Wise men the work had plann'd,

Strong men the building raise;
Why do the workmen stand,

And all confounded gaze?
With labour vast they toiled,

Their labour proves in vain ;
By change of speech they ’re foiled

In their work on Shinar's plain.
And children! have you power

To strive against the Lord,
Who the men of Babel's tower
Confounded by his word.



Genesis ix. 28,29; xi. 23-xii. 9. Terah, a descendant of Shem, had three sons, named Abram, Nahor, and Haran. Haran was the father of Lot. Terah lived at Ur in Chaldea. Noah was alive when Terah lived in Chaldea. Noah lived to be nine-hundred-and-fifty years old. He probably lived in Armenia after the flood, and died there. Soon after the death of Noah, Abram was born. Haran, the eldest son of Terah, died before his father in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees, leaving one son named Lot, PERIOD 11.]

THE CALL OF ABRAM. and two daughters named Milcah and Sarai. The two remaining sons of Terah married the daughters of Haran ; Milcah became the wife of Nahor; and Sarai was married to Abram.

God called Abram to leave Chaldea, and he, together with the whole house of Terah, came to Harun, at which place they remained some years. Terah died at Haran. Abram was then seventy-five years of age; the divine command was renewed. God said to him, “ Get thee out of thy country, and from thy 'kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land which I will shew thee; and I will make of thee a great nation, and I will •bless thee, and make thy 'name great; and thou shalt be a blessing ; and I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee; and in thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed.”

Abram separated himself from the household of Nahor, and obeyed the call of God, for he came into Canaan with Sarai, his wife, and Lot, his brother's son. And when they came to the plain of Moreh, the Lord appeared unto Abram, and said, “Unto thy seed will I give this land.” Here Abram builded an 'altar unto the Lord, and he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east, and there he builded an altar unto the Lord, and called upon the .name of the Lord.


Abram_high father;' a prophetic numerous progeny, which should conintimation of his future greatness.

stitute in after years a great nation,

was an object of ambition among the nativity-birth-place; one's country.

ancients. Saraimy princess;' she was the bless thee--give happiness to him pergrand-daughter of Terah, and the niece sonally, and in his family. of Abram.

name great-cause him to be univerkindredrelations by blood of every sally known and respected. degree-fathers, brothers, cousins, &c.

shalt be, &c.—good men are the means father's house—the residence of his of blessing to others. ancestors,

in thee-Abram and his descendants a land-God had not yet named it to were the preservers of the divine truth him, that his faith might be exercised.

during successive ages, till Christ came a great nation to be the parents of a who brought salvation unto all men.


WALKING BY FAITH.” [2347-1635 B.C. this land-Abram's faith being proved, j and the Chaldeans and Babylonians God now names his inheritance. are mentioned as the same people.

altar-a low building of stone or HARAN—this name was given to the other materials on which sacrifices were city by Haran, the father of Lot; it placed.

was situated in the north-western part name of the Lord—the known char- of Mesopotamia. Terah died there after acter of God; proofs had been given of a residence of about sixty years. his terrible power, his goodness, and his MOREH—this place was in the vale faithfulness; as well as of his for- of Shechem; near it grew a remarkbearance towards sinners notwith able oak-tree. Gen. xxxv. 3; and standing his hatred of sin.

Josh. xxiv. 26.

BETHEL-house of God; at this GEOGRAPHICAL NOTES. time the place was called Luz, but Moses

calls it Bethel by anticipation. It was Uz_fire' or light;' probably a first called Bethel by Jacob after his sacred city, specially devoted to the dream of angels ascending and deworship of the celestial bodies.

scending. CHALDEA—or BABYLONIA ; the ori- Hai or AI-a city about nine miles ginal name of this region was Shinar. distant from the place where Jericho Chaldea is often used for Babylonia, afterwards stood. Lesson 31.



'Tis by the faith of joys to come

We walk through deserts dark as night ;
Till we arrive at heaven our home,

Faith is our guide, and faith our light.
The want of sight she well supplies,

She makes the pearly gates appear ;
Far into distant worlds she flies,

And brings eternal glories near.
Cheerful we tread the desert through,

While faith inspires a heavenly ray,
Though lions roar, and tempests blow,

And rocks and dangers fill the way.
So Abram by divine command

Left his own house to walk with God;
His faith beheld the promise'd land,
And fire'd his zeal along the road.





Genesis xxii. 9-xvi. Abram went into Egypt, because there was a famine in Canaan. He told Sarai his wife to say to the king of Egypt, that she was his sister. The king took Sarai to his house, but God sent .plagues upon ·Pharaoh, who soon after sent Sarai and

Abram away

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Abram was very rich in cattle, and silver, and gold. Lot had also many flocks, and herds, and tents. They journeyed together to Bethel. Their .herdsmen quarrelled because there was not food enough for all their cattle. Abram wished that there should be no strife between them. He told Lot to choose a part of the land for himself, and he chose the Plain of Jordan, near Sodom, because it was well watered. Abram dwelt in Canaan. The men of Sodom were very wicked. God renewed his promises to Abram, who removed to the plain of Mamre.

Four kings made war against the cities of the plain of Sodom. They conquered the kings of the plain, and they took Lot prisoner. Abram armed his servants, and pursued the four kings. He defeated them, and brought back Lot and all his goods. Melchizedek, king of Salem, and 'priest of the most High God, met Abram and blessed him. God afterwards renewed his promises to Abram, and said his seed should be as numerous as the stars of heaven. Abram then had a 'vision, and God made known to him the future bondage of his descendants in Egypt.

•Hagar was Sarai's 'handmaid whom she gave to Abram. Hagar despised her mistress, and fled from her. The angel of the Lord found Hagar in the wilderness. He told her to return, and submit to her mistress. He said she should have a son, and call his name Ishmael. He said Ishmael should be a wild man ; that his hand should be against every man, and every man's hand against him. Hagar called the name of the Lord that spake unto her “ Thou God seest me.” The well was called Beer-la-hai-roi. Soon after this Ishmael was born ; at which time Abram was eighty-six years old.

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