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to confess, that they are seldom brought into view, and then, obscurely and indirectly.But to proceed with the second part of my position, that to the Father alone religious worship is due.

I infer this from the directions of our Saviour himself, who has given us a model of prayer, which alas, has not contented his disciples;who never said any thing which can justify the belief that he authorized the worship of any other being than Him to whom he there directs us to pray, THE FATHER ;-and who himself prayed to the Father, and to no other.* I might rest the whole upon this argument; for I cannot hesitate in this belief, that if any Apostle had taught, or any disciple had conformed to, a different practice, it would have been without authority of him who said, ' After this manner pray ye, Our Father who art in heaven,' In fact, however, we have no instance in the New Testament in which supplication is made to Jesus when not sensibly present to the disciple; and all the prayers which are recorded, are addressed

* It has been said that Jesus could not pray to himself. If he could not, yet (if the doctrine of the Trinity were true) he could have prayed to the Holy Spirit : but why could not his human nature pray to his divine nature? It appears 10 me quite as reasonable, as to suppose that his human nature did not know wbat his divine nature did. I am aware of the unmeaningness of this phraseology, but we are obliged to employ it, by the use made of it by our oppouents. The fact is well staied by H. Taylor (in his Considerations p. 51.)

“Neither the human NATURE, nor the divine NATURE, can « know any thing: whatever is known is known by a PERSON, and

whatever is done is done by a PERSON. NATUR K is neither AGENT

nor PATIENT, Whatever Dr. Randolph imagines to be done by - the HUMANITY or Divinity of Christ, was done by neither; but " by Christ himself.

to the Father of all. I shall now adduce a few of the many passages which might be brought forward in corroboration of these remarks, and in my next Part, (see Ch. VI.$ 5,) I shall consider those which appear to oppose them." *

Matt. iv. 10. It is written,' says our Lord himself, · Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and HIM ONLY shalt thou serve;' autų porque λατρευσεις. Το HIM ONLY SHALT THOU PAY RELIGIOUS SERVICE. The verb latpeuw is used twenty-one times in the New Testament, (and always in the sense of religious service;) but never once in reference to Jesus Christ.

John iv. 23, 24. • But the hour cometh, (and now it is,) when the true worshippers shall worship the FATHER in spirit and in truth; for the Father seeketh such to worship Him. GOD is a spirit, and they that worship Him, must worship Him in spirit and in truth.t-Serious

• In consequence of a Discourse by the Rev. Dr. Pye Smith, on the Adoration of the Lord Jesus Christ, I was led to state, in a separate and perhaps more complete form, the evidence for the Absolute Unity and Exclusive Worship of Jehovah, in a Tract entitled Proof from Scripture that the Father is the only true God and the only Proper Object of Religious Worship; to which I beg to refer the Reader who wishes for further information.

" It is not a little remarkable, that our great Master, who, in subsequent ages, became himself an object of worship among his professed followers, should in this passage exclusively describe the worshippers of the Father as the true worshippers, making it an indispensable criterion of true worship, not only that it should be in spirit and in truth, but also that it be offered unto the only proper object of adoration, to his Father and our Father, to his God and our God." See Christian Unitarianism Vindicated, by Verax, p. 21.I have only recently met with this work; and know nothing of the author or his opponents; but it appears to me to contain many acute and just observations connected with his title; and that he has proved one of bis leading positions, which is little known, viz. that the

and sincere Trinitarian worshippers will be accepted for the spirit of their devotions, but not for the object of them, when inconsistent with this direction.

John xvi. 23. . In that day ye shall ask ME nothing.' Whatsoever ye shall ask the FATHER in my name, He will give it you.'

Rom. i. 9. For God is my witness, whom I serve (rateeuw) with my spirit in the gospel of his Son.'

Rom. xv. 30. • Now I beseech you brethren, by the LORD JESUS CHRIST, and by the love of the spirit,' i.e. the love which is the fruit of the spirit, that ye strive together with me in your PRAYERS to God for me.'

Phil, iii. 3. Who WORSHIP (naTPEUDYTES) GOD with our spirit, and GLORY in CHRIST JESUS.'

Phil. iv. 6, 7. In every thing, by PRAYER, and supplication with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God. And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, will keep your hearts and minds through sy CHRIST JESUS.'

If it could be proved that Jesus Christ is the very and eternal God, it wonld follow that he also is a proper object of religious worship; but let it not be said, that the Scriptures authorize us

early Friends were decided (though I think not always very consistent) believers in the proper unity and free inercy of God, in opposition to the doctrines of the Trinity and satisfaction. Since this note was written, I have learnt that the volume in question is ascribed to Thomas Foster.- N.B. This able and intelligent man was at last (in 1812) disowned for his heresy by the Society of Friends,

either by precept of example to pray to him. Let this practice be acknowledged to stand upon its only basis, that of inference from his proper deity; and let it also be considered, that since the Father only is represented in the Scriptures as the object of religious worship, it is, from that circumstance alone, at least highly probable that the Father is the only God. If Jesus had been what he is represented to have been in the thirty-nine Articles, the worship spoken of in the Scriptores would undoubtedly have resembled that of the Church of England, and we should somewhere or other have found such expressions as these, “ We therefore pray thee help thy servants whom thou hast redeemed with thy precious blood;"--" O Lord Jesu Christ-Grant that the ministers and stewards of thy mysteries, may likewise so prepare," &c.- This is truly prayer, but is there any thing in the New Testament resembling this?

III. Jesus Christ never said that he himself was God, but on the contrary, spoke of the FATHER who sent him as God, and as the ONLY GOD; and without guard or comment called HIMSELF a MAN,

John v. 44. • And seek not the honour that cometh from the ONLY GOD,' Tapa Tou novou sou.

John viii. 40. • But now ye seek to kill me, MAN who have told you the truth, which I have heard from God.' Ver. 42.

If God were your Father, you would love me, for I came forth


from God, and am come unto you ; for I came not OF MYSELF, but HE SENT ME.— See also & IV.

John xvii. 3. · That they may know thee, the ONLY TRUE God, and him whom thou hast sent, even Jesus Christ.' See p. 94.

John xx. 17. 'I ascend to my Father and your Father, to My GOD AND YOUR God.'

Reo. iii. 12. 'I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my GOD,' &c. See p. 81.

The attentive reader of John's Gospel, will find many other instances in which Jesus applies the appellation God to Him who sent him, and in every case without the slightest intimation that any other person (i.e. intelligent agent,) was also God.

IV. Jesus habitually prayed to the FATHER, referred to the agency of the FATHER all that distinguished him as the Son of God, and in other instances expressly spoke of his own inferiority to the FATHER.

“ We may observe him," says Archbishop Newcome,* “ referring every thing to his Fa" ther, his mission, his doctrine, his mighty “ works, all his actions, his sufferings, his resur

* See the highly valuable work of this entinent Prelate, entitled, Observations on our Lord's Conduct as a Divine Instructor; and on the Excellence of his Moral Character. Part II. ch. i. § 1. The whole of the volume is deserving the serious attention of every one who desires to be a disciple of Jesus in spirit and in practice. The section to which I have referred (on our Lord's Piety,) cannot be read by any one possessed of religious feeling, without deep


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