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and depicts with eager enthusiasm in England institution, reflecting, at all the British Isles today is aptly sum- stages of its history, New England marized in the title of his first chapter, ideals and habits of thought. Founded “Democracy
the March"—the in the eighteenth century, and congreatest "extension of democratic con- tinuing, through all changes and vicissitrol ever applied to the map of the tudes, to the twentieth, with widening world." The relations and the future influence and prosperity, it has been an of labor, the changes in the sphere and educational and religious force of the aspirations of women, the position unique significance. The original of Ireland, and the social revolutions schedule included only Latin and which seem imminent in the near fu- Greek, very little mathematics, ture, are the subjects of the later and some reading in religious treatises. chapters. Mr. Gleason is the prophet Every morning, the school opened of the passing of old England, the with the reading and singing of a crumbling of its caste system, and tho psalm; then one class repeated from dawn of a day when democratic con- memory two pages of Greek grammar; trol shall be established and labor another class repeated a page and a shall take over the management of so- half of Latin grammar; then passages ciety. That is a vision of the future from Cheever's "Accidence" of "Short which to some will seem a dream and Introduction to the Latin Tongue," to others a nightmare, but, whatever a standard textbook of the time, were may be the reader's point of view, he repeated; then there were classes in can scarcely fail to find Mr. Gleason's arithmeticthe Rule of Three, Fellowdescription of existing conditions ab- ship and Practice; and the school sorbingly interesting.
closed at night with the reading of
Dr. Doddridge's "Family Expositor,” It is clear that Claude M. Fuess, questions, reflections, the singing of a whose history of Phillips Academy, hymn and prayer. Present-day stuAndover, is published by Houghton dents at Phillips would find that a Mifflin Co. in an attractive and sub- meagre and solemn program, but it stantial volume under the title “An was from such beginnings that the Old New England School" fouod the Academy of today took its origin and necessary research and the writing of inspiration. Every stage in the histhe history an agreeable task; for tory is interesting-not the least so there is no trace of haste anywhere. the chapters describing “The Reign of He enters into the fullest details of 'Uncle Sam' Taylor” in the middle of the lives of the founders and the the last century. Fifty or more pormotives which impelled them to estab- traits, and pictures of buildings and lish and maintain the school; he grounds illustrate the book. describes the peculiarities and methods of each of the principals and the in- “The Life of Robert Hare" by Edgar cidents of their administrations in Fahs Smith (J. B. Lippincott Co.) is much the same way that one might an elaborate and enthusiastic study of outline the successive reigns of a line the career of one of the earliest and of monarchs; and with it all, he suc- most distinguished of American chemceeds in imparting to his narrative a ists. The author's purpose, as he deflavor which gives it a lively interest fines it in his Preface, is to assemble the even to readers who have no special labors of Robert Hare in such a form concern with the Academy itself, but that students of chemistry may learn to whom it stands as a typical New to know him better and realize the high place which he holds in the "Aurora the Magnificent" (The Century history of chemistry in this country. Co.). At first, one is apt to be irriA large part of the material for the tated by the silliness of much of the biography is drawn from Hare's un- conversation, the irrelevance of many published letters and other docu- of the incidents, and the melodramatic ments, and from papers which he absurdity of the mystery in which the contributed to the American Journal heroine's past is swathed; yet as one of Science, recording his discoveries. reads on all these superficialities fall Born in 1781, and entering the field into place as suitable embroidery. For of chemical research and discovery the book is essentially the story of the when he was barely twenty years old, inevitable growth of love between a he was for more than fifty years a cynical, supersensitive painter and an recognized leader in the scientific ignorant and rather vulgar, but beauworld. His discovery of the oxyhydro- tiful and great-hearted woman, in gen blowpipe in 1801 first brought him spite of the gulf of tastes and convendistinction, and won for him the honor, tions and worldly considerations that two years later, of being elected, in separates them. The tossing aside of company with Count Rumford, to
superficialities by elemental necessithe American Philosophical Society. ties is the theme on which the story is He was for nearly thirty years Pro- built, and it would hardly move to its fessor of Chemistry in the University climax with such symphonic power of Pennsylvania, a position which en- unless they were there to be tossed. abled him to combine original research Long residence in Italy has enabled and the preparation of scientific papers Miss Hall to weave Florence successwith his work in the classroom. His fully into her background, and has retirement from the University, how- perhaps given her her keen sense of ever, did not end his activities, and, character, but it has also, unfortudown to his sudden death in May, nately, embedded a number of Italian 1858, he continued to lead in his idioms in her English prose. chosen field. His biography ends with a touching and intimate letter Clare Tree Major prefaces her volume from life-long friend, Benjamin on “How to Develop Personality" with a Silliman, urging upon him the claims picture of her own enthusiastic person of personal religion and faith in and the air of get-up-and-get-onto-theChrist. It is interesting to notice job which irradiates her face is carried that, in his later years, Hare became onto every subsequent page. She is an interested in Spiritualism, and be- enthusiast for all sorts and conditions lieved-as Sir Oliver Lodge now be- of exercises, physical, vocal, mental and lieves—that he had had interviews spiritual. Especially is she interested in with the spirits of the dead. This the voice, correct breathing, right through an instrument of his con- carriage. She finds that mental poise is struction, which he called a spirit- but an accessory to bodily, that the oscope. Three portraits, one of them two are co-ordinated, one depending on in colors, and views of his lecture-room the other. Her pages are copiously and laboratory illustrate the book. filled with explicit directions, illus
trated by diagrams, excellent for There is an odd harmony between
Thomas Y. Crowell form and substance in Gertrude Hall's Co.
No. 3813 August 4, 1917
I. A League of Nations and Its Critics. By
the Right Hon. W. H. Dickinson, M. P. CONTEMPORARY REVIEW 259 II. Running the Blockade. By Sita
FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 266
276 IV. Mediaeval Literature. By Muezzin .
ATHENAEUM 282 V. The Notebooks of Francis Thompson
DUBLIN REVIEW 287
CORNHILL MAGAZINE 295
SPECTATOR 303 IX. “Marley's Rest." By Aston Gray
WESTMINSTER GAZETTE 314
NEW STATESMAN 258
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