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The Office of Education-Its Services and Staff

to subject interest and educational level. helps answer important questions of proSCHOOL LIFE here continues the School Life, the official journal of the Of- gram selection in situations where schools series of statements on the Office of fice of Education, is edited by Information must

choose among

various stations. Education begun in the April 1950

Schools and colleges may borrow radio and Publications Service. Printing of issue. This presentation reports on the services and staff members of

scripts and transcriptions for in-school or HIGHER EDUCATION periodical is also manthe Division of Special Educational aged by the section. Interpretation of edu

community broadcast, or to serve as models Services, cational information for educational jour

for programming comparative study and nals and for newspapers and magazines is

creative work. another responsibility of this service. Division of Special Latest developments in education are re

Staff Division of Special Educational

Educational Services

ported to writers and editors for the infor-
mation of both educators and laymen.

Ralph C. M. Flynt, Director.
IN THE AREA of special educational
services, the Office of Education gathers

Service to Libraries.—This service helps

Research and Statistical Service basic statistics in the field of education and develop school, college, university, and pub

HERBERT S. CONRAD, Chief. disseminates that data and other significant lic libraries throughout the United States, Emery M. Foster, Head, Reports and Analysis

Branch. information for the purpose of furthering collects and interprets basic data on book the progress of education and assisting in

HENRY G. BADGER, Educational Statistician. collections, finances, personnel, and services

David T. BLose, Educational Statistician. the enrichment of educational programs at to school and public libraries, and in turn

LESTER B. HERLIHY, Educational Statistician. all levels. By furthering the effective use makes this information available to educa

Rose Marie SMITH, Educational Statistician. of the various media of communication- tors through statistical circulars, bulletins, Robert C. STORY, Head, Technical Services Unit. printed materials, motion pictures, and and special publications. It also makes MARGARET J. S. CARR, Survey Statistician.

Maude FARR, Survey Statistician. radio and television in the specialized fields special studies, investigations, and surveys in the library field for the use of appropri.

ANNA D. Gucwa, Survey Statistician. of educational research, information, and

Mabel C. Rice, Survey Statistician. communications, the Office serves educa. ating bodies, library governing boards, li

Mary M. WillHoite, Survey Statistician. tional agencies and associations, educators, brary administrators.

Information and Publications Service Federal departments and agencies, the Office Visual Aids to Education.--The Visual

G. KERRY Smith, Chief. of Education staff, and others responsible Aids to Education section aims to increase John H. LLOYD, Assistant Chief. for promoting the cause of education.

the understanding of motion pictures, film- William H. MORRIS, Head, Editorial Branch. Research and Statistical Service. This strips, and other visual aids, to improve the

MARGARET F. RYAN, Senior Editorial Assistant.

Ada JANE KELLY, Editorial Assistant. service periodically surveys and reports on quality of the materials produced, and to

FLORENCE E. Reynolds, Editorial Assistant. school and college enrollments, educational facilitate their distribution and use. It also

MARY A. WALKER, Publications Control. income and expenditure, school plants and supervises the distribution to schools by a Mary S. CLANCY, Publications Inquiry. equipment, and reports other statistical re- commercial contractor of approximately

Service to Libraries search findings of value to State and local 713 government pictures and 544 film

Ralph M. DUNBAR, Chief. school administrators and teachers. Its strips. The section advises on ways to im- Willard O. MISHOFF, Specialist for College and staff members help in gathering and inter- prove the production of visual aids, the basic Research Libraries.

Nora E. BEUST, Specialist for School and Chil. preting statistical data for specialists in all principles of securing effective use of visual

dren's Libraries. other divisions of the Office. They offer aids in the classroom, and the evaluation of

KATHERYN HOFFMAN, Bibliographer of Librariancounsel to State and local school systems on visual materials in terms of specific grade

ship. problems of educational records and reportlevels,

Visual Aids to Education ing systems and methods of financial ac

Educational Uses of Radio.—The Edu- FLOYDE E. BROOKER, Chief. counting.

cational Uses of Radio Section assists State SEERLEY REID, Assistant Chief. Information and Publications Service.- departments of education, colleges, uni


ment Films. Research findings prepared for publication versities, and local school systems in by Office of Education specialists are sent to planning their own FM educational broad- Educational Uses of Radio this service in manuscript form for editing cast stations and organizing their program


Ronald R. LOWDERMILK, Specialist for Technical and printing clearance. When printed, Of. services. It gives information and advice

Phases of Educational Radio. fice publications are distributed through this to school systems and teachers in the se

GERTRUDE G. BRODERICK, Specialist for Script and service on mailing lists arranged according lection and use of audio equipment, and Transcription Exchange.

HEALTH (Continued from page 13)

others associated with children can steer those with health problems into the channels that lead to diagnosis and treatment, he adds.

Benjamin M. Spock, M. D., holds that schools are a fertile field for mental-health efforts. He reminds us that there is no such thing as no guidance in the schools; that the school, like the home, reacts to each child's problem in some way, wisely or unwisely. And he points out that all workers who provide counseling services to children should have the benefit of psychiatric con. sultation, if not supervision.

Children's speech is dealt with in this issue by Wendell Johnson; eyesight, by Marian M. Crane, M. D.; hearing, by William G. Hardy and Miriam D. Pauls; and nutrition, by E. Neige Todhunter. Helen M. Belknap, M. D., describes a clinic serving children of school age; and J. Roswell Gallagher, M. D., notes some problems of adolescents.

How workers concerned with the health of the school-age child get together to provide better health services is discussed by H. F. Kilander of the Office of Education: and a series of conferences of this type is described by Jeff Farris of Arkansas State Teachers College.

“What about the school-age child who is employed?” asks Elizabeth S. Johnson, stating that nearly 2,000,000 boys and girls 14 through 17 years of age have jobs and that 60 percent of these are jobs held by children who are also attending school. A child who is getting his first job, or who is changing his job, Miss Johnson says, should have a medical examination to protect him from work that is beyond his particular strength and capacity.

The issue concludes with a comment by a social worker, the late Mary Irene Atkinson:

convince them of the necessity of co10 Major Tasks for UNESCO

operating loyally with one another in TEN MAJOR TASKS for UNESCO, orig.

the framework of the United Nations. inally formulated by the United States Dele. 10. To render clearinghouse and exchange gation to the Fifth Session of the General

services, in all its fields of action, toConference of UNESCO held at Florence, gether with services in reconstruction Italy, May 22 to June 17, 1950, and adopted

and relief assistance. by the Conference as a whole are:

One of the specific goals set forth by the 1. To eliminate illiteracy and encourage

United States delegation to the Conference fundamental education.

to extend the UNESCO Program on Hu2. To obtain for each person an education

man Rights called for “inclusion of the conforming to his aptitudes and to the

Declaration of Human Rights in the Curneeds of society, including technological

riculum of at least 50 percent of the secondtraining and higher education.

ary schools of at least a majority of the

member states within a 6-year period.” 3. To advance human rights throughout

The five United States representatives on all nations.

the delegation to the Florence Conference 4. To remove the obstacles to the free

were Howland H. Sargeant, Deputy Assistflow of persons, ideas and knowledge

ant Secretary of State for Public Affairs, among the countries of the world.

chairman; George D. Stoddard, president, 5. To promote the progress and applica. University of Illinois, and chairman of the tions of science for all mankind.

U.S. National Commission for UNESCO, 6. To remove the causes of tensions that

who served as vice chairman of the delegamay lead to wars.

tion; Bernice Baxter, director of education 7. To demonstrate world cultural interde. in human relations for the Oakland, Calif., pendence.

schools; Dr. George F. Zook, U.S. Commis8. To advance through the press, radio, sioner of Education during 1933–34, and

and motion pictures the cause of truth, since that time until his recent retirement, freedom, and peace.

president, American Council on Education; 9. To bring about better understanding and I. I. Rabi, Columbia University scientist

among the peoples of the world and to and Nobel Prize winner.


. . a child comes to school with his mind clothed in a body; with a tangled web of emotional reactions which neither he, nor anyone else, fully comprehends; with social drives which will make or break him, depending upon the understanding he receives both at school and at home, with conflicting hereditary and environmental forces pulling him in several directions at the same time. . .

In greeting nearly 200 British, French, and American teachers who, this year, will exchange teaching positions, President Truman praised the exchange program as "the best step in foreign policy during my entire tour of duty in public life." The President predicted that this program, sponsored by the Office of Education, Federal Security Agency, in cooperation with the Department of State, under provisions of the Fulbright act of the Seventy-Ninth Congress, would lead to new high levels of international understanding. To the left of the President is Mme. Germaine S. Girodroux, of Saint-Chamond (Loire), France, who will exchange positions with Miss Julia F. Virant, Washington High School, Portland, Oreg. To the President's right is Wilfred Kings, of Rugby, England, exchanging with Richard Mayo.Smith, Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, N. H. On the extreme left is Raymond H. Nel son, Chairman, U. S. Committee on the Interchange of Teachers, and on the extreme right Earl James McGrath, Commissioner of Education. Federal Security Administrator Oscar R. Ewing stands to the rear right of the President. His Excellency Henri Bonnet, Ambassador of the French Republic, and Mr. B. A. B. Burrows, Counselor of the British Embassy, stand behind Miss Girodroux.

New Books and

and Pamphlets

A Bibliography of Curriculum Materials. tional Policies Commission. Washington,

Radio Drama Acting & Production: A Compiled by Curriculum Materials Com- National Education Association of the

Handbook. By Walter Krulevitch Kingson mittee, College of Education, Wayne Uni- United States and the American Association

and Rome Cowgill. Rev. Ed. New York, versity. Detroit, Wayne University, 1950. of School Administrators, 1950. 88 p.

Rinehart & Company, Inc., 1950. 373 p. 63 p. $1. 35 cents.

$3.25. Bicycle Safety in Action. Washington, A Good School Day. By Viola Theman. National Commission on Safety Education, New York, Teachers College, Columbia The Reading Interests of Young People. National Education Association, 1950. 48. University, 1950. 59 p. (Parent-Teacher By George W. Norvell. Boston, D. C. p. Illus. 50 cents. Series.) 60 cents.

Heath and Co., 1950. 262 p. $3.50. Counseling Adolescents. By Shirley A. Guide to Art Films. Compiled by the

Recommended Equipment and Supplies Hamrin and Blanche B. Paulson. Chicago, American Federation of Arts and listing Science Research Associates, Inc., 1950. 253 16mm films. New York 22, Magazine for Nursery, Kindergarten, Primary and In

termediate Schools. General Service Bul(Professional Guidance Series.) of Art (22 East Sixtieth St.), 1950. 75

letin. Compiled by the Committee on cents a copy; 60 cents if remittance accom$3.50. Curriculum Principles and Social Trends. panies order.

Equipment and Supplies. Washington, AsRev. Ed. By J. Minor Gwynn. New York, Principles and Techniques of Guidance. sociation for Childhood Education InterThe Macmillan Co., 1950. 768 p. Illus. By D. Welty Lefever, Archie M. Turrell, national, 1950. 59 p. Illus. $1. $5. and Henry Weitzel. New York, The Ron

-Susan 0. Futterer, Associate Librarian, Education of the Gifted. By Educa- ald Press Company, 1950. 577 p. $4.25. Federal Security Agency Library.

371 p.

Selected Theses in Education


p. ms.

THESE THESES are on file in the Educa. Mathematics. By Anderson D. Owens, Jr. nomics might make to the education of the indition collection of the Federal Security Master's, 1948. University of Cincinnati.

vidual as a consumer. Agency Library where they are available, 93 p. ms.

Th Development of State Authorized upon request, by interlibrary loan.

Compares the progress of pupils in two ninth Supervision of Rural Elementary White Auditing Public School Funds in Caligrade practical mathematics classes in the With

Schools in Alabama. By Genora McFad. fornia. By Vaughn D. Seidel. Doctor's, row High School, Cincinnati, Ohio.

din. Doctor's, 1949. George Peabody 1950. University of California. 127 p. The Contribution of Three Secondary College for Teachers. 228 p.

School Subjects in the Education of the
Determines the legal requirements for auditing
Consumer. By Sister Rita C. McLaughlin.

Traces the history of the program from 1819 these funds. Compares practices in auditing

through 1948. school funds in California with those in other

Master's, 1948. University of Cincinnati. States. 125

The Development of Television in the An Experimental Study of Dictation and

Attempts to determine the contribution which United States from 1923 to the Present Written Drill Applied to Units in Practical business education, social studies, and home eco

Time, Which is May 1950. By Bernice F.
Giuliano. Master's, 1950. Indiana State

Teachers College. 87 p. ms.
School Life Subscription Blank

Discusses organized research, transmission, re

ceivers, programs, and the use of television in the SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS,

schools. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.:

Management Planning in Secondary Please send me School Life for 1 year, and find $1 (check or money order) Schools. By Harold M. Wilson. Doctor's, enclosed as payment.

1950. George Washington University. School superintendents please note: On all orders for 100 copies or more to 247 p. ms. be sent to one address, there is a discount of 25 percent.

Describes the development and evaluation of Name

criteria for school management planning in secon.

dary schools; and the construction of a check list Address

for appraising management planning. City State

-Compiled by Ruth G. Strawbridge, Bibliographer, Federal Security Agency Library.



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The photograph on the cover of this issue of SCHOOL LIFE shows detail of the Pilgrims signing the Mayflower Compact, the first written plan of government drawn up in America. This photograph, courtesy of the Library of Congress, appears in Office of Education Bulletin 1948 No. 15, titled, “With Liberty and Justice for All." The author of the bulletin points out that the signing of the Mayflower Compact "was an important milestone on the road of self-government." Contact prints of this photograph (5" x 7"') are available from the Library of Congress, Washington 25, D. C., price 40 cents. Order Bulletin 1948 No. 15 from the Superintendent of Documents, Washington 25, D. C., price 25 cents.

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Page President Truman's American Education Week Message- 17 Education and the National Defense-

18 Citizens and Schools in the National Crisis_

23 Education Organizes for the Nation's Defense-II---- 24 Making Up Our Minds_

27 Community College Education - A National Need

29 “... To Meet the Challenge .

32 Government Guides -

32 School Life Subscription Blank_

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.. From dizzy

p. 29

. . Only a fraction of the total need is being met

32 Educational Aids From Your Government_ Inside back cover Three New Government Publications.

Back cover

School Life is indexed in Readers' Guide to
Periodical Literature, and in Education Index.

(Single copy price of SCHOOL LIFE—15 cents.)

p. 32

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LIFE has been approved by the Director of the Bureay of the Budget.

Federal Security Administrator
EARL JAMES MCGRATH.... Commissioner of Education
RALPH C. M. FLYNT.. Director, Division of Special Educational

GEORGE KERRY SMITH.... Chief, Information and Publications Service

Assistant Chief, Information and Publications

Address all SCHOOL LIFE inquiries to the Chief, Information and
Publications Service, Office of Education, Federal Security Agency,

Washington 25, D. C.

THE Office of Education was estab.

lished in 1867 “for the purpose of collecting such statistics and facts as shall show the condition and progress of education in the sev. eral States and Territories, and of dif. fusing such information respecting the organization and management of schools and school systems and methods of teaching, as shall aid the people of the United States in the establishment and maintenance of efficient school sys. tems, and otherwise promote the cause of education throughout the


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