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1888. Baron de Fava to Mr. Bay. A pr. 11

Arrest and search of Italians in Buffalo : Three ard.

hundred and twenty five searched, and no weap-
ons found; the action of the police in violation
of the Constitution and international law ; pro-
test of the Italian copsnl at New York to Gov.
ernor Hill; Governor Hill's answer not satis.
factory; the penal code of New York falsely
interpreted to justify the search ; the good ot.
fices of the Department requested that the po.
lice officers may be censured, and a recurrence of
such proceedings prevented; the protest of the
Italian consulat New York, and letter from the
mayor of Buffalo transmitting the report of the

superintendent of police, inclosed.
Mr. Bayard to Baron de A pr. 16 Arrest and search of Italians at Buffalo, in conse-

quence of repeated murders and affrays; the
search attended with no violence ; previous pub.
lication of the order may account for the few
weapons found; the Department can not decide
upon the legality of the action of the police ; if
it was without authority of law, an action lies

against them. Baron de Fava to Mr. Bay. Apr. 17

Arrest and search of Italians in Buffalo: Former

note on this matter based on the complaint of
Italians in Buttalo and report of the Italian con.
sol, in order that a recurrence of such acts
might be prevented through administrative
channels, and the alarm of the Italians allaved ;

the Departinent's gooul offices again requested.
Mr. Bayard to Baron de Apr. 30 Arrest and search of Italians in Buffalo: The De.

partment can not express an opinion upon the
laws of the State of New York or request that
the police of Butfalo be censured: if their action
was illegal an action will lie against them in
the courts. Baron de Fava's letter will be com.

municated to the governor of New York.
Baron de Fara to Mr. Bay. May 17 Convict immigration : Incorrect interpretation

by the custom-house anthorities at New York
of the law relating to convict immigration ;
new instrnctions asked for them ; report of the
Italian consul at New York on the subject in.

Mr. Bayard to Baron de June 8 Convict immigration: The action of the collec-

tor of the port of New York, protested against
by the Italian consnl.general, in holding the
term " convict" to apply to persons who have
served out their sentences, is in accordance with

the decision of the Treasury Department.
Baron de Fava to Mr. Bayarıl Aug. 2 Protectorate over Zoula assuined by the Italian

Government by request of the natives. An of
ficial confirmation of a pre-existing state of
things. The first evidence of actual posses.

sion of any government.
Mr. Bayard to Baron de Aug. 7 Italian protectorate over Zoula, Africa: The

United States, not having acceded to the gen.
eral act of the conference of Berlin, can not
determine the proper weight to be given to the
announcement of the protectorate.














Mr. Hubbard to Mr. Bayard Oct. 10 | Trade of the United States with Japan : The value
(No. 391),

of the trade of the United States, Germany, and
Great Britain wrongly stated in "The Austia-
lian and South American. The trade of the
United States for 1886 waa 23, that of Great
Britain 21, and Germany's 3 millions of yen ;

the article from the above newspaper inclosed.
Same to same (No. 409).... Nov. 28 Trade with Japan: The increase of trade with

Japan largely due to the Jiji Shimpoo ; extract
from that newspaper advocating further on.
couragement of imports from the United States

Same to same (No. 419). Dec. 28 Political: Imperial rescript for the maintenance

of public tranquillity and to prevent disturb-
ances inclosed.




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734 Mr. Hubbard to Mr. Bayard Jan. 13 Political : Greater freedom given the press; the
(Ne. 426).

inperial ordinance inclored.
Mr. Bayard to Mr. Hubbard | April 16 Claim of the Monitor can not be consistently
(No. 206).

pressed ; letter to Mr. Cowie inclosed.
736 Mr. Hubbard to Mr. Bayard July 26 Eruption of Mount Bandai-san : Report by Mr.
(No. 495).

Mansfield ; scientists sent to report upon the
eruption by the Japanese Government; pro-
vision made for the sufferers by the Govern.
ment and private contribution ; Mr. Mansfield's

report inclosed.
737 Same to same (No. 511) ...... Oct. Status of Mrs. Ratcliffe, Japanese wife of a Brit:

ish subject serving in the Navy of the United
States : Marriage of a Japanese woman to a for-
eigner not recognized by the Japanese Govern-
ment until certain formalities have been con-
plied with ; note written to the Japanese foreign
office asking the status in Japan of a Japanese
woman who had married a foreigner abroad ac.
cording to laws of the foreign country; in.
struction desired as to the status of the wife
in case tbe marriage is or is not recognized, and
as to the status of the wife of a Japanese sailor
serving in the U. S. Navy: Mr. Greathouse's

letter in regard to Mrs. Katclide inclosed.
738 Same to same (No. 512)...... Oct. 26 Status of a Japanese woman married to a foreign-

er in a foreign country according to its laws:
Such marriage not recognized in Japan unless
with the sanction of the Japanese diplomatic
or consular representative, which does not seem
to have been obtained by Mrs. Ratcliffe ; pote
from the Japanese minister for foreign affairs,
covering the Japanese regulations in regard to

such marriages, inclosed.
739 Same to same (No.513).... Oct. 26 Religious liberty: Letter from Rev. Dr. C. S. Eby

on the freedom of religion in Japan, called forth
by the complaint of native Christians that the
Japanese Government has failed to officially

recognize the Christian religion, inclosed.
740 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Hubbard Nov. 10 Status of Mrs. Ratcliffe, Japanese wife of a Brit.
(No. 256).

ish subject who has served as a sailor on an
American vessel seven years: A foreigner serv.
ing as a sailor on an American vessel can only
be protected when he bas shipped in an Ameri.
can port, or declared his intention of becoming
a citizen and has served three years afterwards ;
distinction between the right to exercise consu.
lar jurisdiction over a foreigner on shipboard
and on land; Ratcliffe's wife not entitled to pro-






Mr. Bayard to Mr. Smith

June 4 Intervention of the United States to punish the



inhabitants of Half-Cavalla for an attack on
American missionarios requested by the Libe-
rian minister of state: Mr. Smith to familiarize
himself with the case; indiscretion of the Li.
berian Government in provoking the disturb.
ance by sending American citizens into the
country; the discussion to be carried on from
Wasbington ; letter of Mr. Barclay to Mr.
Bayard on the subject and Mr. Bayard's reply

June 26 Race prejudice in Liberia: Letter of Mary B.

Merriam complaining of it; it is injurious to
Liberia and contrary to the basis of its govern-

742 Mr. Rires to Mr. Smith (No.









From and to whom.




Mr. Barclay to Mr. Bayard.. Oct. 4 Claim of France to Liberian territory: The

French Government refuses to settle the matter
with the minister of tbe United States ; desire
of the Liberian chargé d'affaires to ignore
American intervention ; wish of the Liberian
President that the question should be settleil
between France and the United States Govern.
ment acting for that of Liberia ; letter of Mr.
Carrance, covering one to him from Mr. Flour.

ens, inclosed.
Mr. Bayard to Mr. Barclay.. Dec. 9 Claim of France to Liberian territory: The

United States minister acts as intermediator,
not as the representative of the Liberian Gov.
ernment, and the presence of a Liberian repre.
seutative at Paris necessary; an opinion in re-
gard to Mr. Carrance can not be given ; Mr. Mc-
Lane will always endeavor to maintain a good
understanding between France and Liberia.

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Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard | Oct. 4 Murder of Leon Baldwin, an American superin.
(No. 239).

tendent of the Valencia mines near Ventanos :
particulars of the murder ; reported to be the
last of a series of outrages by the outlaw Eraclio
Bernal; the governor of Durango warned in
every case, but no steps taken to protect the

Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Oct. 14 | Murder of Leon Baldwin: Proof showing a prima
(No. 189).

facie case necessary for diplomatic interference;
circular prepared by the Department showing
what is required; the first step of the Depart-
ment is to call on the Mexican Government for
an investigation ; an aflidavit necessary for this
to be done ; affidavits and proof of Mr. Baldwin's
United States citizenship to be sent to the De.

partment; the circular inclosed.
Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard Oct. 19 Murder of Leon Baldwin: Reported letter of Mr.
(No. 251).

Morrow and the reply of the Secretary that au.
thenticated information was awaited; conversa-
tion with Mr. Mariscal at an unofficial inter-
view; all the assassins killed; if a claim for
indemnity be made it should be proved that the
Federal and State authorities of Durango had

disregarded the warning given them..
Same to samo (No. 255).... Oct. 26 Murder of Leon Baldwin: Affidavit of W.W.Car.

roll; advice given Mr. Turner in regard to the
presentation of a clain

and the proof of conflict.
ing statements in Mr. Carroll's affidavit and Mr.

Mariscal's explanation.
Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Nov. 7 Discrimination in favor of the Spanish Central
(No. 203).

Americau line of steamers between San Fran.
cisco and Panama: Report that this agent will
attempt to obtain a differential duty of 5 per
cent.; attention called to Nos. 145 and 147, relat-
ing to the complaint against the Central Ameri.
can Republics on this subject; prospect of favor
able action by them; remonstrance to be mado
against any discrimination against the commer:
cial interests of the United States; Mr. Lane's

letter of October 31, 1887, inclosed.
Same to same (No. 207)..... Nov. 9 Murder of Leon Baldwin: Mr. Connery's course

in not presenting the claim for indemnity ap.
proved; two notes from Mr. Romero, reporting
the investigation by the Mexican Government,
the killing of the assassins, and a newspaper ao

count of the state of affairs in Durango, inclosed. Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard Nov. 9 Discrimination in favor of the Spanish line (No. 270).

steamers: Copy of note from Mr. Mariscal, repeating former arguments and regretting that the United States Government should foster an

unfounded claim, inclosed. Same to same (No.276).... Nov. 21 Discrimination in favor of the Spanish line of

steamers: Interview with Mr. Mariscal; he will give no promise in the matter; the United States not a most favored nation by tresty; the exemption of the Spanish line in favor of a pri. vate company not of a national flag.









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753 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Nov. 22 Quarantino of ninety days in Arizona against
(No. 215).

Mexican cattle : Refers to correspondence had
with the logation ; facts throwing light on the
subject requested; correspondence with the

Mexican legation inclosed.
754 Same to same (No. 220) Dec. 3 Imprisonment of Henry Brudigam: His release

reported by Consnl Heimkó after a year's im.
prisonment for the alleged murder of 'Domingo
Steiner; consideration of any claim Mr. Brudi.
gam may make will be deferred until its pre-
sentation to the Department; Mr. Heimké's dis-

patch inclosed.
755 Same to same No. 224). Deo. 7 Quarantine against Mexican cattle raised, ow.

ing to a doubt as to its constitutionality: Let-
ter from acting Secretary of the Interior in.

756 Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard | Doc. Murder of Walter Henry and seizure of his ef.
(No. 284).

fects by Mexican customs officers: Mr. Marig.
cal repeats the statements in his note of Novem-
ber 13, 1886, and states that further investiga-
tion is impossible; translation of Mr. Maris-

cal's note inclosed.
757 Same to same (No. 288) Dec, 23 Colonization of Lower California by American

companies : Report of the Department of Pub.
lic Works, in reply to attacks of the opposition
pross, defending the action of the Mexican Gov.

örnment in granting colonizing concessions.

1888. 758 Same to samo (No. 295)

9 Quarantino against Mexican cattle : No cattle

disease reported in Sonora ; tho quarantine to
provent diseased cattle from New Mexico being

brought into Arizona
759 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Jan. 16 Boundary between the United States and Mexico:
(No. 240).

Inquiry to be made as to what machinery exists
in Mexico for determining questions arising un.
der the conventiou of 1884: Copies of this corre.
spondence sent to the Secretary of the Treas-
ury; copy of correspondence with Mr. Crain
upon the necessity of determining the bound.

ary inclosed.
760 Same to same (No. 243) . Jan. 18 Discrimination in favor of the Spanish Central

American line of steamers: Information whether
a bill to grant the 2 per cent. rebate, enjoyed
by the Spanish line, to American steamers
was introduced in the Mexican Congress, and
copy thereof to be furnished the Department;
copy of letter from Messrs. Alexander & Sons

reporting its introduction inclosed.
761 Same to samo (No. 294) Jan. 19 Claim of Howard C. Walker against the Mexican

Government for wrongful imprisonment and
cruel treatment by the officials at Minatitlan:
Case previously before the legation; statement
of facts in the case ; attempts made by Mr.
Walker to obtain redress from the Mexican
Government; the case to be presented to the
Mexican Government; its consideration and a
conference with the minister of foreign affairs
as to reparation to be asked : copy of Mr. Mor.
ris's letter of December 6, 1887. to Mr. Bayard
and Mr. Walker's petition with affidavits in-

762 Same to same (No. 250) Jan. 26 Boundary between Mexico and the United States:

The Secretary of the Treasury concurs in the
Department's suggestion to appoint an interna-
tional river commission to determine the
boundary, where it coincides with the Rio
Grande, under the rule prescribed by the con-
vention of 1884 ; copy of the letter of the Secre.

tary of the Treasury inclosed.
763 Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard Feb. 8 Boundary between the United States and Mexico:
(No. 301).

No record kept by the Mexican Goveroınent of
changes in the channel of the Rio Grande, and
no plan devised for deciding questions under
the boundary convention; Mr. Mariscal states
that the lines can be determined by maps and
tbat the Roman principle, that a sudden diver-
sion of the channel leaves the line in its former
place, but that the line follows a gradual change
of the river course, will govora,





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764 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Feb. 13 Wing-dams on the Mexican shore of the Rio
(No. 258).

Grande reported by the El Paso Development
Board to threaten serious injury to that city:
No desire to interfere with Mexican improve-
ments; the case to be presented to the Mexican
Government, and an explanation and steps, if
necessary, to prevent the evil, to be asked; copy
of letter from Mr. Langham covering a communi-
cation to him from the president of the El Paso

Development Board incloned.
765 Same to same (No. 263)...... Feb. 15 Boundary between Mexico and the United States :

Dispatch stating that the Mexican Government
has no plan for determining questions arising
under the convention of 1884 received; copy
sent to Mr. Crain; copy letter of February 13,
1888. to Mr. Crain, covering draught of a joint
resolution for the creation of an international

commission for that purpose, inclosed.
766 Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard Feb. 18 Arrest of Oliver Woods, charged with complicity
(No. 305).

with the outlaw Bernal: Mr. Chess reports bis
life in danger; copies of note to Mr. Mariscal,
asking that the State authorities be telegraphed
to protect Woods, and of Mr. Mariscal's reply,

767 Same to samo (No. 306)...... Feb. 21 Claim of A. K. Cutting: Note of Mr. Mariscal not

conciliatory; the real object of the discussion,
the trouble likely to arise from Art. 186 of the
Chihuahua penal code, overlooked; translation
of Mr. Mariscal's note, with the report and cor-
respondence of the Mexican officials in regard
to the case, and a clipping from the El Paso

Times inclosed.
768 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Feb. 24 Arrest of Oliver Woods for alleged complicity
(No. 269),

with the outlaw Bernal: Text of telegram gent
by Department; information will be communi.
cated, and the Department to be informed of

what is done touching the case.
769 Mr. Connery to Mr. Bayard Feb. 25 Claim of Howard C. Walker: Presented to Mr.
(No. 308).

Mariscal, who promises to take the matter un.
dor advisement; copy of note to Mr. Mariscal

and of his reply inclosed.
770 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Connery Feb. 27 | Arrest of Oliver Woods by Mexican troops for al.
(No. 270).

leged complicity with Bernal, reported by a
resident of Ventanas, and fears expressed that
he will be put to death; copies of Mr. Laidlaw's
letter of the 24th instant, covering one from J.
H. Bradley, which is accompanied by one from

a resident of Ventanas, inclosed.
771 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Bragg Mar. 6 Imprisonment of Henry Brudigam : Previous cor.
(No. 4).

respondence; letter of Brudigam and Ficken
stating that they had been rearrested and sen.
tenced to capital punishment; impression pro.
duced by such proceedings; new and conclusive
evidence necessary; an inquiry and request for
stay of proceedings to be made; telegram to

that effect sent; Mr. Heimké instructed to report. 772 Mr. Bragg to Mr. Bayard Mar. 8 Imprisonment of Henry Brudigam: Explanation (No.5).

asked by Mr. Mariscal of the governor of Chi.
huahua; copy of note to Mr. Mariscal, and his

reply, inclosed.
773 Same to same (No. 6)...... Mar. 9 Arrest of Oliver Woods : Copy of note presenting




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the case to Mr. Mariscal inclosed.
774 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Bragg Mar. 15 Claim of Mrs. Baldwin for the murder of Leon Bald.

win: Review of the facts ; outrages by outlaws;
protection not given by the Government, although
requested; the case brought by Mr. Connery to
the knowledge of Mr. Mariscal; prejudice shown
against Americans ; effort to prevent immi.
gration and enterprise; the murder due to the
negligence of the Government; the case to be
brought to the attention of the Mexican Gov.
ernment and reparation asked; papers in the

clain inclosed.
775 Same to same (No. 15).. Mar. 22 Attempted kidnapping of a deserter by Mexican

soldiers at Eagle Pass : Review of the facts in
the case ; reparation, a disavowal, and indemnity
to the sheriil to be asked ; depositions of wit.
nesses inclosed.



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