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PRE FACE.

This FOURTH READER is designed to pass the pupil from the comparatively easy ground occupied by the THIRD to the more difficult course embraced in THE UNION FIFTH READER, which is the highest in the series. It is, therefore, carefully graded to this intermediate position.

In one sense, however, it is the most important in the set; since the great mass of pupils, in our common schools, are drawn away from scholastic pursuits long before the proper time for entering upon any course of reading more advanced than that which is here presented. This consideration has had its full weight in the preparation of the following pages.

Every exercise will be found to bear the impress of that special adaptation to the purposes of teaching, without which no book of this kind can fully perform the office which it assumes. The labor expended in this direction, though all unseen by the casuai observer, has been neither light nor brief. It can be duly appreciated by none but the experienced teacher.

All words in the exercises, requiring explanation, have been arranged, as regular lessons in spelling and definition. In these definitions, however, it must be kept in mind, that no attempt has been made to give all the meanings of which a word is susceptible, but that only which it bears in the particular place in the exercise where it is found. There is special educational advantage in thus leading the mind of the pupil definitely to fix upon the precise, import of a word, in some particular use or application of it.

All proper names, occurring in the text, and at all likely to embarrass the learner, have been explained in brief, comprehensive notes. These notes involve many matters, Geographical, Bio

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ġrapltical; and Historical, which are not a little interesting in themselves, aside from the special purpose subserved by them in the present connection.

All this has been done, and more, in order to secure that kind of interest in the exercises which comes of reading what is clearly understood; and because no perfect reading is possible, where the reader himself fails to perceive the meaning of what he reads.

In the selection and adaptation of the pieces, the highest aim has been to make and to leave the best moral impression ; and this, not by dull and formal teachings, but by the pleasanter, and, therefore, more powerful, means of incidental and unexpected suggestion. Admonition is then most likely to be heeded, when it comes through the channel of events and circumstances.

The direct and ostensible aim of the book, however, has been kept steadily in view ; which is to furnish the best possible exercises for practice in Rhetorical reading. To this end, the grcatest variety of style and sentiment has been sought. There is scarcely a tone or modulation, of which the human voice is capable, that finds not here some piece adapted precisely to its best expression. There is not an inflection, however delicate, not an emphasis, however slight, however strong, that does not here meet with something fitted well for its amplest illustration. No tenderness of pathos, no earnestness of thought, no play of wit, no burst of passion, is there, perhaps, of which the accomplished teacher of Elocution may not find the proper style of expression in these pages, and, consequently, the best examples for the illustration of his art.

The book, thus briefly described, is, therefore, given to the public with the same confidence that has hitherto inspired the author in similar efforts, and with the hope that it may reach even a higher measure of usefulness, than that attained by any of its predecessors, in the long line of works which he has pre,

, pared for the use of schools.

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6. THE DEAD CHILD'S FORD...

.Mrs. E. Oakes Smith, 60

7. LAME AND LAZY.-A Fable......

64

8. FAITHFULNESS IN LITTLE THINGS.. .Adapted. Eliza A. Chase, 66

9. THE AMERICAN Boy....

70

10. THE SAILOR BOY'S SONG.

71

11. CHASE OF THE PET FAWN..

. Adapted. Miss Cooper, 73

12. KINDNESS.......

77

13. CARELESS WORDS..

80

14. WEBSTER AND THE WOODCHUCK. .Adapted Boston Traveler, 81

15. DO IT YOURSELF.

84

16. BETTER LATE THAN NEVER..

86

17. THE ADOPTED CHILD..

.Mrs. Hemans, 88

18. THE OLD EAGLE TREE..

. Rev. John Todd, 90

19. THE LIGHT OF KNOWLEDGE.

Elihu Burritt, 93

20. NIGHT'S LESSONS.....

..L. H. Sigourney, 95

21. NATURE'S TEACHINGS.

Chambers' Journal, 98

22. SOWING AND HARVESTING..

. Anon., 99

23. A THRILLING INCIDENT. ...

.Adapted. Anon., 101

24. THE TRUTHFUL KING.

105

25. WHEN SHALL I ANSWER, No.

.J. N. McElligott, 107

26. TO MASTER ROBERT AND JOHN.

.Davis, 109

27. WHANG, THE MILLER.

. Goldsmith, 113

28. CHIMNEY-SWALLOWS..

Henry Ward Beecher, 115

29. THE DOUBTING HEART..

. Adelaide Procter, 119

30. THE COMING OF WINTER..

.T. B. Read, 120

31. CHILD TIRED OF PLAY..

.N. P. Willis, 122

32. THE RESCUE.....

.By a Sea Captain, 124

33. ROBERT BRUCE AND THE SCOTCH WOMAN

128

34. ROBERT BRUCE AND THE SPIDER..

Bernard Barton, 131

35. WEALTH AND FASHION.

Miss Edgworth, 135

36. MY FIRST JACK-KNIFE.

138

37. THE PINE-TREE SHILLINGS.

.Nathaniel Hawthorne, 143

38. HIAWATHA'S HUNTING..

.Longfellow, 147

39. A DESPERATE ENCOUNTER WITH A PANTHER..Book of Adventures, 150

40. THE POWER OF HABIT......

.John B. Gough, 156

41. THE DRUNKARD'S DAUGHTER..

158

42. THE TWO YOUNG TRAVELERS... Adapted. Merry's Museum, 161

43. HIGHER!.

165

44. LABOR..

Caroline F. Orne, 166

45. THE AMBITIOUS APPRENTICE..

169

46. SO WAS FRANKLIN.

. Anon., 175

47. NOW AND THEN..

Jane Taylor, 178

LESSON

48. AN INGENIOUS STRATAGEM..

.Days of Washington, 181

49. FRANCES SLOCUM, THE YOUNG CAPTIVE. .B. J. Lossing, 185

50. THE RAIN-DROPS..

Delia Louise Colton, 190

51. SMALL THINGS..

F. Bennoch, 192

52. MURDERER'S CREEK..

.James K. Paulding, 194

53. NAPOLEON'S ARMY CROSSING THE ALPS. . Adapted. Anon., 198

54. WHERE THERE'S A WILL THERE'S A WAY... Eliza Cook, 201

55. “I CAN".

202

56. Now, TO-DAY...

. Adelaide A. Procter, 204

57. CAPTURE OF MAJOR ANDRE..

206

58. BENEDICT ARNOLD..

209

59. BEHIND TIME......

.Freeman Hunt, 212

60. How HAPPY I'LL BE.

214

61. THE SWORD OF BUNKER HILL..

William R. Wallace, 216

62. BIBLE LEGEND OF THE WISSAHIKON.

..Lippard, 218

63. ADVICE TO THE YOUNG..

.E. H. Chapin, 222

64. THE INTREPID YOUTH......

224

65. OUR COUNTRY'S CALL....

William C. Bryant, 229

66. MRS. CREDULOUS AND THE FORTUNE-TELLER.

232

67. FAITH, HOPE, AND CHARITY.-- An Allegory.

236

68. NOT TO MYSELF ALONE.

S. W. Partridge, 240

69. THE WORLD WOULD BE THE BETTER FOR IT...

242

70. SELECT PROVERBS OF SOLOMON

Bible, 244

71. WINTER BEAUTY ...

..Henry Ward Beecher, 247

72. FROSTED TREES..

251

73. THE MOUNTAINS OF LIFE.

.James G. Clark, 255

74. IMAGINARY EVILS...

Eliza Cook, 256

75. SIR WALTER AND THE LION.

..A. Walchner, 257

76. CHOICE EXTRACTS.

260

I. WHAT REALLY BENEFITS US, 260. II. God's Love, 261. III. LIFE-

WORK, 261. IV. HUMILITY, 261. V. BENEFITS OF ADVERSITY, 262.

VI. OUR MOUNTAIN HOMES, 262. VII. MAKE A BEGINNING, 262.

VIII. INFLUENCE, 263. IX. PLEASURE IN ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE,

264. X. WHAT IS FAME? 264. XI. CULTIVATED INTELLECT, 265.

XII. GOD'S WORKS ATTEST His GREATNESS, 265.

77. CAPTURE OF THE WHALE...

266

78. LEAVES FROM AN AERONAUT..

Willis Gaylord Clark, 271

79. THE DAPPLE MARE..

..John G. Saxe, 276

80. A LEAP FOR LIFE..

George P. Morris, 279

81. THE INDIAN BRIDE'S REVENGE.. . Adapted. L. M. Stowell, 281

82. A MOTHER'S LOVE.

. Albert Barnes, 286

83. THE LIFE-BOOK..

Home Journal, 289

84. ODE ON SOLITUDE

.Pope, 291

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