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character; possess & normal flavor and (C) U.S. Grade D for Manufacturing odor; and score not less than 85 points or Substandard for Manufacturing when scored in accordance with the scor- frozen berries are berries that fail to ing system outlined herein.

meet the requirements of U.S. Grade B (b) U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice frozen for Manufacturing or U.S. Choice Grade berries are berries of similar varletal for Manufacturing. characteristics which possess a reason

TYPES OF PACK ably uniform typical color; are reasona ably free from defects; possess a reason

$ 52.5885 Types of pack. ably good character; possess a normal (a) Frozen berries are often packed flavor and odor; and score not less than with added sugar or added sugar and 70 points when scored in accordance with water. Sugar packs are usually desigthe scoring system outlined herein. nated by the amount of fruit to sugar;

(c) U.S. Grade D or Substandard for example, "6+1" means that at the frozen berries are berries that fail to time of packing, 1 pound of sugar was meet the requirements of U.S. Grade B added to 6 pounds of berries. or U.S. Choice.

(b) It is recommended that the quanGRADES OF FROZEN BERRIES FOR

tity of liquid packing medium, if used, MANUFACTURING

is not in excess of the amount normally

required by good commercial practice. $ 52.5884 Grades of frozen berries for manufacturing.

FACTORS OF QUALITY (a) U.S. Grade A for Manufacturing $ 52.5886 Ascertaining the grade. or U.S. Fancy Grade for Manufacturing (a) The grade of frozen berries is defrozen berries are berries of similar varl

termined immediately after thawing to etal characteristics which possess a prac- the extent that the units may be sepatically uniform typical color; possess a rated easily. reasonably good character; possess a (b) "Normal flavor and odor" means normal flavor and odor; and there may

that the berries are free from objectionbe present,

able or off flavors or objectionable odors (1) Not more than 4 sepal-Uke bracts

of any kind. per 16 ounces of net weight;

(c) The grade of frozen berries may (2) Not more than one stem or one

be ascertained by considering in addileaf or a piece of leaf or the approximate

tion to the foregoing requirements, the equivalent of one full cap per 48 ounces

following factors: Color, absence of deof net weight; and

fects, and character. (3) Not more than 5 percent by weight

(d) The relative importance of each of berries that may be undeveloped or

factor has been expressed numerically damaged.

on a scale of 100. The maximum number (b) U.S. Grade B for Manufacturing

of points that may be given for each or U.S. Choice Grade for Manufacturing

factor is: frozen berries are berries of similar varl

Factors

Points etal characteristics which possess a rea

Color

30 sonably uniform typical color; may

Absence of defects.

40 possess a fairly good character typical Character

30 of fairly well-ripened to very ripe berries with not more than 30 percent by weight Total Score...

100 for blackberries and not more than 40

§ 52.5887 Ascertaining the rating of percent by weight for boysenberries, each factor. dewberries, loganberries, youngberries,

The essential variations within each and other similar types that may be

factor are so described that the value crushed; possess a normal flavor and

may be ascertained for each factor and odor; and there may be present

expressed numerically. The numerical (1) Not more than 10 sepal-Uke

ranges within each factor are inclusive. bracts per 16 ounces of net weight;

For example, the range 25 to 30 means (2) Not more than one stem or one

25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 30. leaf or a piece of leaf or the approximate equivalent of one full cap per 16 ounces

$ 52.5888 Color. of net weight; and

(a) (A) classification: To receive a (3) Not more than 10 percent by score of 25 to 30 points the frozen herweight of berries that may be un- ries must possess a practically uniform developed or damaged.

typical color. “Practically uniform typi

cal color" means that not more than a total of 10 percent by weight of the berries may vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the characteristic color of well-ripened berries, provided not more than 5 percent by weight of the berries vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the characteristic color of reasonably well-ripened berries.

(b) (B) classification: If the frozen berries possess a reasonably uniform typical color, a score of 21 to 24 points may be given. Frozen berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product. “Reasonably uniform typical color" means that not more than 15 percent by weight of the berries may vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the characteristic color of reasonably wellripened berries, provided not more than 5 percent by weight of the berries are definitely off color for any reason.

(c) (D) classification: Frozen berries that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section or that are definitely off color for any reason may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade D or Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product.

(d) The evaluation of the score points for the factor of color may be determined from the following table which denotes the variation in color allowed for the score indicated:

$ 52.5889 Absence of defects.

(a) General: The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous vegetable material; from leaves, pieces of leaves, stems, and caps; from undeveloped berries; and from berries damaged by blemishes, insect, pathological, or other simular injury.

(b) Definitions of defects:

(1) A berry is considered “undeveloped” if it is shriveled or if more than one-fourth of the berry possesses hard, undeveloped drupelets.

(2) “Damage" includes any surface blemish having an aggregate area exceeding that of a circle 14 inch in diameter or any noticeable blemish that extends into the fruit tissue.

(c) (A) classification: To receive a score of 34 to 40 points the frozen berries must be practically free from defects. “Practically free from defects" means that there may be present not more than 2 sepal-like bracts per 16 ounces of net weight; not more than one stem or one leaf or piece of leaf or the approximate equivalent of one full cap per 48 ounces of net weight; and that not more than 5 percent by weight of berries may be undeveloped or damaged.

(d) (B) classification: If the frozen berries are reasonably free from defects, a score of 28 to 33 points may be given. Frozen berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product. “Reasonably free from defects" means that there may be present not more than 5 sepallike bracts and not more than one stem or one leaf or piece of leaf or the approximate equivalent of one full cap per 16 ounces of net weight; and that not more than 10 percent by weight of berries may be undeveloped or damaged.

(e) (D) classification: Frozen berries that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of zero to 27 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade D or Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product.

(f) The evaluation of the score for tho factor of absence of defects may be determined from the following table which denotes the maximum allowance for

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D

More than allowances permitted in

20 or less

(B) classification

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integration of the berries. A berry is considered "crushed" if more than 50 percent of the drupelets are crushed, broken, or detached, or 1 the normal shape of the berry is otherwise materially affected or destroyed.

(b) (A) classification: To receive & score of 26 to 30 points the frozen berries must possess a good character. “Good character" means that the berries are mature and ripe but not overripe, are fleshy and tender, and are practically intact; that the berries and accompanying Liquor are practically free from detached seed cells; and that not more than 5 percent by weight of blackberries may be crushed and not more than 10 percent by weight of dewberries, boysenberries, loganberries, youngberries, or other simular types may be crushed.

(c) (B) classification: If the frozen berries possess a reasonably good character, a score of 21 to 25 points may be given. Frozen berries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product. "Reasonably good character" means that the berries are reasonably mature and may be not more than slightly immature nor slightly overmature; that the berries may be not more than slightly lacking in fleshy texture; that the berries and any accompanying liquor are reasonably free from detached seed cells; and that not more than 15 percent by weight of blackberries may be crushed and not more than 20 percent by weight of dew

34

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Not more than slightly imma

ture nor slightly overmature; not more than slightly lacking in fleshy texture.

Berries and accompany

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7% 116

12% 147 16%

B

D

20 or

More than allowances permitted in B Classification.

18%

13%
15%

20%

less

berries, boysenberries, loganberries,

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION youngberries, or other similar types may

§ 52.5921 Product description. be crushed. (d) (D) classification: Frozen berries

(a) "Maple sirup” means sirup made that fail to meet the requirements of

by the evaporation of maple sap or by paragraph (C) of this section may be

the solution of maple concrete (maple given a score of zero to 20 points and

sugar) and contains not more than 35 shall not be graded above U.S. Grade

percent of water, and weighs not less D or Substandard, regardless of the total than 11 pounds to the gallon (231 cubic score for the product.

inches). (e) The evaluation of the score for

(b) The standards in this subpart are character may be determined from the applicable to sirup which is packed in preceding table which denotes the maxi

drums or other large containers for furmum allowances for berries that are

ther processing. It is not intended that crushed.

they shall apply to sirup packed in conLOT COMPLIANCE

tainers for table use. Another set of

standards entitled “U.S. Standards for 8 52.5891 Ascertaining the grade of a

Table Maple Sirup" has been issued for lot.

this purpose ($ $ 52.5961-52.5968). The grade of a lot of frozen berries

GRADES covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the Regu- 8 52.5922 U.S. Grade AA (Fancy). lations Governing Inspection and Cer- U.S. Grade AA (Fancy) Maple Sirup tification of Processed Fruits and Vege- for Reprocessing shall consist of maple tables, Processed Products Thereof, and sirup which meets the following require. Certain Other Processed Food Products ments: ($ $ 52.1 through 52.87).

(a) The color shall not be darker than SCORE SHEET

light amber as represented by the color

standards of the U.S. Department of 8 52.5892 Score sheet for frozen berries.

Agriculture. No. size and kind of container....

(b) The weight shall be not less than Label: Style of pack: Fruit-sugar ratio (If shown)---- 11 pounds per gallon of 231 cubic inches

at 68 degrees F. corresponding to 65.46 Container or

degrees Brix or 35.27 degrees Baumé (BuContainer mark or

sample identification

reau of Standards Baumé scale for sugar

solutions, modulus 145). Cases

(c) The sirup shall possess a charac

teristic maple flavor, shall be free from Net weight (ounces)..

fermentation and free from damage. Type...

caused by scorching, buddiness, any obFactors Score points

jectionable foreign fiavor or odor or other means. “Damage" means any defect that

materially affects the appearance or the

25-30 Color... 30 (B) 1 21-24

edibility or shipping quality of the sirup. ((sStd) 10-20 ((A)

U.S. Grade A.

$ 52.5923

34-40 Absence defects..... 40 B (B)

1 28-38

(a) U.S. Grade A Maple Sirup for Relisstd) 10-27 (A 26-30

processing shall consist of maple sirup Character...

30 (B)

1 21-25 lisstd) 10-20

which meets the requirements of U.S.

Grade AA (Fancy) Maple Sirup for Rea Total score... 100

processing except for color.

(b) The color shall be darker than Normal flavor and odor.

light amber but shall not be darker than Grade..

medium amber as represented by the

color standards of the U.S. Department 1 Limiting rule.

of Agriculture. Subpart-United States Standards for

$ 52.5924 U.S. Grade B. Grades of Maple Sirup for Reproc

(a) U.S. Grade B Maple Sirup for Re essing

processing shall consist of maple strup SOURCE: $ $ 52.5921 to 52.5926 appear at

which meets the requirements of U.S. 82 F.R. 7578, May 24, 1967, unless otherwise Grade AA (Fancy) Maple Sirup for Renoted.

processing except for color.

((A)

(b) The color shall be darker than (b) The sirup shall not be cloudier medium amber but shall not be darker than light amber cloudy standard as than dark amber as represented by the represented by the standards of the U.S. color standards of the U.S. Department Department of Agriculture for cloudiof Agriculture.

ness. $ 52.5925 U.S. Grade C.

(c) The weight shall be not less than

11 pounds per gallon of 231 cubic inches (a) U.S. Grade C Maple Sirup for Re

at 68 degrees F. corresponding to 65.46 processing shall consist of maple sirup

degrees Brix or 35.27 degrees Baumé which meets the requirements of U.S.

(Bureau of Standards Baumé scale for Grade AA (Fancy) Maple Sirup for Re

sugar solutions, modulus 145). processing except for color.

(d) The sirup shall possess a charac(b) The color shall be darker than

teristic maple flavor, shall be clean, free dark amber represented by the color

from fermentation, and free from damstandards of the U.S. Department of

age caused by scorching, buddiness, any Agriculture.

objectionable flavor or odor or other $ 52.5926 Unclassified.

means. Unclassified Maple Sirup for Reproc- 8 52.5963 U.S. Grade A. essing shall consist of maple sirup which (a) U.S. Grade A Table Maple Sirup has not been classified in accordance

shall consist of maple sirup which meets with the foregoing grades. The term the requirements for U.S. Grade AA "Unclassified” is not a grade within the (Fancy) Table Maple Sirup except for meaning of the standards in this sub- color and cloudiness. part but is provided as a designation to (b) The color shall not be darker than show that no definite grade has been medium amber as represented by the applied to the lot.

color standards of the U.S. Department

of Agriculture. Subpart-United States Standards for

(c) The sirup shall not be cloudier Grades of Table Maple Sirup than medium amber cloudy standard as SOURCE: $$ 52.5961 to 52.5968 appear at

represented by the standards of the U.S. 82 F.R. 7579, May 24, 1967, unless otherwise Department of Agriculture for cloudinoted.

ness. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

$ 52.5964 U.S. Grade B. $ 52.5961 Product description.

(a) U.S. Grade B Table Maple Sirup (a) “Maple sirup" means sirup made shall consist of maple sirup which meets by the evaporation of maple sap or by the requirements for U.S. Grade AA the solution of maple concrete (maple (Fancy) Table Maple Sirup except for sugar) and contains not more than 35 color and cloudiness. percent of water, and weighs not less than (b) The color shall not be darker than 11 pounds to the gallon (231 cubic dark amber as represented by the color inches).

standards of the U.S. Department of (b) The standards in this subpart are Agriculture. issued for the purpose of classifying (c) The sirup shall not be cloudier maple sirup packed in containers for than dark amber cloudy standard as reptable use. It is not intended that they resented by the standards of the U.S. shall apply to sirup which is packed in Department of Agriculture for cloudiness. drums or other large containers for later reprocessing. Another set of standards

$ 52.5965 Unclassified. entitled “U.S. Standards for Maple

Unclassified Table Maple Sirup shall Sirup for Reprocessing" has been issued

consist of maple sirup which has not been for this purpose (8 $ 52.5921-52.5926).

classified in accordance with the fore

going grades. The term “Unclassified” is GRADES

not a grade within the meaning of the $ 52.5962 U.S. Grade AA (Fancy).

standards in this subpart but is provided U.S. Grade AA (Fancy) Table Maple

as a designation to show that no definite

grade has been applied to the lot. Sirup shall consist of maple sirup which meets the following requirements:

TOLERANCES, PACKING (a) The color shall not be darker than $ 52.5966 Tolerances for preceding light amber as l'epresented by the color grades. standards of the U.S. Department of Ag- In order to allow for variations inciriculture.

dent to proper grading and handling, not

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