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peach half when restored to its normal shape.

(2) In determining compliance with size requirements listed above, dried peaches will be considered as of one size if not more than 10 percent by weight of halves vary from the size range.

GRADES OF DRIED PEACHES $ 52.5805 U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy.

(a) U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy dried peaches possess similar varietal char. acteristics; and possess a practically uniform, bright typical color, character. Istic of well-matured peaches. Not more than 5 percent by weight of the fruit may be of a color described in U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, and none of the fruit may be of a color described in U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard.

(b) Not more than a total tolerance of 10 percent by weight may be slabs, Immature, or may possess pits or pieces of pits; may be damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hail marks, scab, disease, insect injury, or other similar defects; or may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: Provided, That, not more than three-tenths of the total tolerance, or 3 percent by weight, may possess pits or pieces of pits; not more than two-fifths of the total tolerance, or 4 percent by weight, may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than one-tenth of the total tolerance, or 1 percent by weight, may be affected by decay. § 52.5806 U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice.

(a) U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice dried peaches possess similar varietal characteristics; and possess a reasonably uniform, bright typical color, characteristic of reasonably well-matured peaches. Not more than 10 percent by weight of the fruit may be of a color described in U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard.

(b) Not more than a total tolerance of 15 percent by weight may be slabs, immature, or may possess pits or pieces of pits; may be damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hail marks, scab, disease, insect injury, or other similar defects; or may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no liva insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material:

Provided, That, not more than one-third of the total tolerance, or 5 percent by weight, may possess pits or pieces of pits; not more than one-third of the total tolerance, or 5 percent by weight, may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than one-fifteenth of the total tolerance, or 1 percent by weight, may be affected by decay. $ 52.5307 U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard.

(a) U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard dried peaches possess similar varietal characteristics; and possess a fairly uniform typical color, characteristic of fairly well-matured peaches.

(b) Not more than a total tolerance of 20 percent by weight of the fruit may be slabs, immature, or possess pits or pieces of pits; may be damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hail marks, scab disease, Insect injury, or other similar defects; or may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: Provided, That, not more than one-half of the total tolerance, or 10 percent by weight, may possess pits or pieces of pits; not more than onefourth of the total tolerance, or 5 percent by weight, may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than one-tenth of the total tolerance, or 2 percent by weight, may be affected by decay. $ 52.5808 U.S. Grade D or Substandard.

U.S. Grade D or Substandard dried peaches are wholesome and edible fruit that fails to meet the requirements of U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard: Provided, That, not more than 5 percent by weight of the total fruit may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than 2 percent by weight of the total fruit may be affected by decay.

EXPLANATION OF TERMS 8 52.5809 Explanation of terms.

(a) Damage or other defects. (1) “Damaged by discoloration" means that the peaches have become excessively

darkened. Darkening of otherwise sound fruit characteristic of fruit held in storage, in keeping with good commercial practice, shall not be considered as damaged by discoloration unless excessively darkened.

(2) "Damaged by sunburn” means any substantial damage to color or texture of skin caused by excessive heat from the sun.

(3) "Damaged by hail marks, scab, or disease" means that the combined area of all such defects, or of any one such defect exceeds in the aggregate an area equlvalent to the area of a circle threeelghths inch in diameter.

(4) "Damaged by other similar defects” means any injury or defect or group of defects not mentioned herein which materially affect the appearance, edibility, or keeping quality of the fruit.

(5) "Damaged by insect injury" means healed or unhealed surface blemishes, and healed or unhealed blemishes in the flesh which materially affect the appearance, edibility, or keeping quality of the fruit but which do not possess evidence of insect infestation.

(6) "Affected by insect infestation" means that the dried peaches show the presence of insects, insect fragments, or excreta. No live insects are permitted.

(7) "Affected by imbedded dirt" means the units have sufficient quantities of adhering dirt to give the fruit a dirty, smudgy appearance and dirt which may not be removed readily in washing the fruit.

(b) Maturity. (1) “Well-matured" means that the peaches are fully ripe.

(2) "Reasonably well-matured" means that the peaches are firm and may not have reached the fully ripe stage.

(3) "Fairly well-matured” means that the peaches may be hard but not immature.

(4) “Immature" means that the peaches are tough or possess green or other color indicative of immature fruit.

(c) Slabs. “Slabs" are peaches that have been mashed, broken, or mutilated to the extent that they have lost their normal contour and have become definitely flattened at the edge or rim. A half that has a slightly torn edge is not considered a slab.

WORK SHEET $ 52.5810 Work sheet and summary of requirements for dried peaches.

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Subpart-United States Standards for

GRADES FOR DRIED PEARS
Grades of Dried Pears

$ 52.5844 U.S Grade A or U.S. Fancy. SOURCE: 89 52.5841 to 52.5849 appear at (a) U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy dried 32 F.R. 7575, May 24, 1967, unless othorwiso

pears possess similar varietal character. noted.

istics; possess a practically uniform, PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, MOISTURE, SIZES bright typical color characteristic or

well-matured pears; and are well shaped. $ 52.5841 Product description.

Not more than 5 percent by weight of Dried pears are the halved fruit of the the fruit may be of a color described in pear tree (Pyrus communis) which may U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice: and none or may not be cored, from which the ex- of the fruit may be of a color described ternal stems and calyx cups have been in U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard. removed, and from which the greater (b) Not more than a total tolerance portion of the moisture has been re- of 10 percent by weight may be slabs, moved. Before packing, the dried fruit is immature, or scraps; may be affected by processed to cleanse the fruit and may russet or similar discoloration; may be be sulfured sufficiently to retain a char- damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hallacteristic color.

marks, limb-rubs, hard end, black end,

external stems and calyx cups, scab, dis8 52.5842 Moisture.

ease, insect injury, or other similar deFederal inspection certificates shall

fects; or may be affected by mold, decay, indicate the moisture content of the fin

insect infestation (no live insects are ished product which shall be not more

permitted), imbedded dirt, or other forthan 26 percent by weight.

eign material: Provided, That, not more $ 52.5843 Sizes of dried

pears.

than two-fifths of the total tolerance, or

4 percent by weight, may be affected by (a) Federal inspection certificates

mold, decay, insect infestation (no live shall indicate the size or combination of

insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, sizes of halved pears found upon exami

or other foreign material: And further nation. (b) The various sizes of dried pears

provided, That, not more than one-tenth

of the total tolerance, or 1 percent by are as follows:

weight, may be affected by decay. No. 1 Size (Jumbo Size). 178 inches or

$ 52.5845 U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice.

more in width. No. 2 Size (Extra Large 1944 inches

(a) U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice dried Size).

17 inches in

pears possess similar varietal characwidth.

teristics; possess a reasonably uniform, No. 3 Size (Large Size)-- 112 inches to

bright typical color, characteristic of 134 inches in width.

reasonably well-matured pears; and are No. 4 Size (Medium Size). 13 inches

reasonably well shaped. Not more than 112 inches in 10 percent by weight of the fruit may be width.

of a color described in U.S. Grade C or No. 5 Size (Small size)..

inches to U.S. Standard. 1% inches in (b) Not more than a total tolerance width.

of 15 percent by weight may be slabs, No. 8 Size (Extra Small Less than 148

immature, or scraps; may be affected by Size).

inches in

russet or similar discoloration; may be width.

damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hall(1) “Width” means the longest meas- marks, limb-rubs, hard end, black end, urement obtainable, measured at right external stems and calyx cups, scabs, angles to a line running from the stem disease, insect injury, or other similar end to the calyx end.

defects; or may be affected by mold, de(2) In determining compliance with cay, insect infestation (no live insects size requirements listed above, dried pears are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other will be considered as of one size if not foreign material: Provided, That, not more than 10 percent by weight of halves more than one-third of the total tolervary from the size range.

ance, or 5 percent by weight, may be

148

affected by mold, decay, insect infesta- and fairly translucent and are of any tion (no live insects are permitted), normal color not 'darker than dark imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: amber. And further provided, That, not more (b) Damage or other defects. (1) "Afthan one-fifteenth of the total tolerance fected by russet or similar discoloration" or 1 percent by weight, may be affected means reddish brown discoloration by decay.

caused by sunlight when the area so af

fected is conspicuous. Russet or other 8 52.5846 U.S. Grade Cor U.S. Standard.

similar skin discoloration is not consid(a) U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard

ered “damaged by discoloration." dried pears possess similar varietal char- (2) "Damage

by discoloration" acteristics; possess a fairly uniform

means color; characteristic of fairly well-ma- (1) Skin discoloration caused by suntured pears; and are fairly well shaped.

burn, limb-rubs, hailmarks, or other (b) Not more than a total tolerance means which when light brown in color, of 20 percent by weight may be slabs, exceed in the aggregate one-eighth of the immature, or scraps; may be affected by

surface and which, when dark brown or russet or similar discoloration, may be darker, or hard, tough and leathery, exdamaged by discoloration, sunburn, hall- ceed in the aggregate an area equivalent marks, limb-rubs, hard end, black end, to one-sixteenth of the outer surface side external stems and calyx cups, scab, of the unit. disease, insect infestation (no live in- (ii) Flesh discoloration caused by sects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or bruising, drought spot, or other means other foreign material: Provided, That, which are materially darker or lighter not more than one-fourth of the total than the normal color of the half and tolerance, or 5 percent by weight may be which exceed in the aggregate an area affected by mold, decay, insect infesta- equivalent to one-sixteenth of the outer tion (no live insects are permitted), im- surface side of the unit. bedded dirt, or other foreign material: (111) Darkening of otherwise sound And further provided, That, not more fruit characteristic of fruit held in storthan one-tenth of the total tolerance, or age, in keeping with good commercial 2 percent by weight, may be affected by practice, shall not be considered as damdecay.

aged by discoloration unless excessively 8 52.5847 U.S. Grade D or Substandard.

darkened.

(3) "Damaged by hard end or black U.S. Grade D or Substandard dried

end” means the light colored areas at pears are wholesome and edible fruit

the calyx end of the fruit or similar damthat fails to meet the requirements of

age which exceed in the aggregate an U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard: Pro

area equivalent to one-eighth of the vided, That, not more than 5 percent by outer surface. weight of the total fruit may be affected

(4) "Damaged by other similar deby mold, decay, insect infestation (no fects" means any injury or defect or live insects are permitted), imbedded

group of defects not mentioned herein dirt, or other foreign material: And fur- which materially affect the appearance, ther provided, That, not more than 2 edibility, or keeping quality of the fruit. percent by weight of the total fruit may (5) “Damaged by insect injury" means be affected by decay.

healed or unhealed surface blemishes, EXPLANATION OF TERMS

and healed or unhealed blemishes in the

flesh which materially affect the appear8 52.5848 Explanation of terms.

ance, edibility, or keeping quality of the (a) Color. (1) "Practically uniform,

fruit but which do not possess evidence bright typical color" means that the

of insect infestation. halves are bright and translucent, and

(6) “Affected by insect infestation" not darker than pear yellow in color.

means that the dried pears show the (2) "Reasonably uniform, bright typi

presence of insects, insect fragments, or

excreta. No live insects are permitted. cal color" means that the halves are rea

(7) "Affected by imbedded dirt” sonably bright and reasonably translu

means the units have sufficient quanticent, and not darker than pear yellow

ties of adhering dirt to give the fruit a in color.

dirty, smudgy appearance and dirt which (3) "Fairly uniform typical color" may not be removed readily in washing means that the halves are fairly bright the fruit.

713 58-037-76- -46

(c) Maturity. (1) “Well-matured” shape but are not so irregular as to be means that the pears are fully ripe. misshapen.

(2) “Reasonably well-matured" means (3) "Fairly well shaped” means that that the pears are firm and may not the pears have been cut longitudinally have reached the fully ripe stage.

into approximately equal halves, and (3) "Fairly well-matured" means that than two-thirds of the apparent original the pears may be hard but not immature. that any portion of a half is not less

(4) "Immature" means that the pears half. possess a grayish white or dead white

(e) Slabs. “Slabs" are pears that have color indicative of immature fruit.

been mashed or mutilated to the extent (d) Shape. (1) “Well-shaped" means

that they have lost their normal conthat the pears have been cut longitudi

tour and have become definitely flatnally into approximately equal halves,

tened at the edge or rim. A half that has and that the halves are practically whole and symmetrical.

a slightly torn edge is not considered a

slab. (2) “Reasonably well shaped” means that the pears have been cut longitudi

(f) Scraps. "Scraps" means any pornally into approximate equal halves, and

tion of a half that is less than two-thirds that the halves may tend to be oval in of the apparent original half.

WORK SHEET $ 52.5849 Work sheet and summary of requirements for dried pears.

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Subpart-United States Standards for $ 52.5882 Types of frozen berries.
Grades of Frozen Berries

(a) Blackberries. SOURCE: 88 52.5881 to 52.5892 appear at

(b) Boysenberries. 82 F.R. 7576, May 24, 1967, unless otherwise

(c) Dewberries. noted.

(d) Loganberries.

(e) Youngberries. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES

(f) Other similar types, such as $ 52.5881 Product description.

"Nectaberries." Frozen berries are prepared from the

GRADES OF FROZEN BERRIES properly ripened fresh fruit of the plant $ 52.5883 Grades of frozen berries. (Ctenus Rubus); are stemmed and

(a) U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy frozen cleaned; may be packed with or without

berries are berries of similar varletal packing media; and are frozen and characteristics which possess a practistored at temperatures necessary for the cally uniform typical color; are pracpreservation of the product.

tically free from defects; possess a good

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