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(a) "U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy" is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, diced, or whole canned freestone peaches that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a normal flavor and odor, that possess a good color, that are practically uniform in size and symmetry, that are practically free from defects, that possess a good character, and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 90 points: Provided, That halves, quarters, slices, diced, or whole canned freestone peaches may possess a reasonably good color, may be reasonably uniform in size and symmetry, and may possess a reasonably good character, if the total score is not less than 90 points.

(b) "U.S. Grade B" or "U.S. Choice" is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned freestone peaches that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a normal flavor and odor, that possess a reasonably good color, that are reasonably uniform in size and symmetry for the applicable style, that are reasonably free from defects, that possess a reasonably good character, and that for the factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 80 points: Provided, That halves, quarters, slices, diced, or whole canned freestone peaches may be fairly uniform in size and symmetry if the total score is not less than 80 points.

(c) "U.S. Grade C" or "U.S. Standard" is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned freestone peaches that possess similar varietal

characteristics; that possess a normal flavor and odor, that possess a fairly good color, that are fairly uniform in size and symmetry for the applicable style, that are fairly free from defects, that possess a fairly good character, and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 70 points.

(d) “U.S. Grade D" is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned freestone peaches that may possess dissimilar varietal characteristics; that possess a normal flavor and odor, that possess a fairly good color, that may vary in size and symmetry for the applicable style; that are fairly free from defects except for crushed and broken units in the styles of halves, quarters, or whole style; that possess a noticeable variability in character, and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 60 points. Canned freestone peaches of this grade may or may not meet the minimum standard of quality for canned peaches issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

(e) "Substandard" is the quality of canned freestone peaches that fail to meet the applicable requirements of U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard or of U.S. Grade D and is the quality of canned freestone peaches that may or may not meet the minimum standard of quality for canned peaches issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

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(a) "U.S. Grade C Solid-Pack" or "U.S. Standard Solid-Pack" is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, diced, or mixed pieces or irregular sizes and shapes of canned solid-pack freestone peaches that possess a normal flavor and odor; that possess a fairly good color, that are fairly free from defects for canned solid-pack freestone peaches, that possess a fairly good character for canned solid-pack freestone peaches, and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 70 points.

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(b) "Substandard Solid-Pack" is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, diced or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned solid-pack freestone peaches that fail to meet the requirements of "U.S. Grade C Solid-Pack."

LIQUID MEDIA, FILL OF CONTAINER, DRAINED WEIGHTS, AND FILL WEIGHTS $ 52.2605 Liquid media and Brix meas

urements.

"Cut-out" requirements for liquid media in canned freestone peaches are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since sirup or any other liquid medium, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. The "cut-out" Brix measurements, as applicable, for the respective designations are as follows:

Designations "Extra heavy sirup" or "Extra heavy fruit Juice(s) sirup." "Heavy sirup" or "Heavy

fruit juice(s) sirup." "Light sirup" or "Light fruit juice (s) sirup." "Slightly sweetened water."

"Slightly sweetened fruit juice (s)."

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Brix measurement

24 or more but not more than 35°.

19° or more but

less than 24°. 14° or more but

less than 19°.

Less than 14°. 10° or more but less than 14°. Not applicable. Not applicable.

§ 52.2606 Fill of container.

The standard of fill of container for canned freestone peaches is the maximum quantity of the peach units which can be sealed in the container and processed by heat to prevent spoilage, without crushing or breaking such ingredient. Canned freestone peaches that do not meet this requirement are "Below Standard in Fill."

§ 52.2607 Recommended fill of container for canned "solid-pack".

The recommended fill of container for canned solid-pack freestone peaches is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. It is recommended that each container of solidpack freestone peaches be as full of peaches as practicable without impairment of quality and that the product (including liquid, if any) occupy not less

than 90 percent of the volume of the container.

§ 52.2608

Recommended minimum drained weights.

(a) General. (1) The minimum drained weight recommendations for the various styles in table I of this subpart are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades.

(2) The recommended minimum drained weights are based on equalization of the product 30 days or more after the product has been canned.

(b) Method for ascertaining drained weight. The drained weight of canned freestone peaches and canned "solidpack" freestone peaches is determined by emptying the contents of the container, turning the pit cavities down in halves, upon a U.S. Standard No. 8 circular sieve of proper diameter containing 8 meshes to the inch (0.0937-inch±3 percent, square openings) so as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the sieve slightly to facilitate drainage, and allowing to drain for 2 minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and peaches less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the equivalent of No. 3 size cans (404 x 414) and smaller, and a sieve 12 inches in diameter is used for containers larger than the equivalent of the No. 3 size can.

(c) Definitions of symbols. (1) XThe average drained weight of all the sample units in the sample.

(2) LL.-Lower limit for drained weights of individual sample units.

(d) Compliance with recommended drained weights. A lot of canned freestone peaches is considered as meeting the minimum drained weight recommendations if the following criteria are met:

(1) The average of the drained weights from all the sample units in the sample meet the recommended minimum average drained weight (designated as "T" in table I); and

(2) The number of sample units which fail to meet the recommended drained weight lower limit for individuals (designated as "LL" in table I) does not exceed the applicable acceptance number specified in the single sampling plan of table II.

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TABLE I.-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHTS FOR Canned FREESTONE PEACHES

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(inches) (Inches) ounces)

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grades of the finished product since fill

weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades.

fill

(b) Method for ascertaining weight. Fill weight is determined in accordance with the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables and the U.S. Standards for Determination of Fill Weights.

(c) Definitions of terms and symbols. "Subgroup" means a group of sample units representing a portion of a sample.

X'min means the minimum lot average fill weight.

LWLX means the lower warning limit for subgroup averages.

LRLX means the lower reject limit for subgroup averages.

LWL means the lower warning limit for individual fill weight measurements.

LRL means the lower reject limit for individual fill weight measurements.

R' means a specified average range value. Rmax means a specified maximum range for a subgroup.

"Sampling allowance code" means a code letter on the Sampling Allowance Chart of the U.S. Standards for Inspec

tion by Variables. This letter identifies the appropriate line which gives the amount of sampling allowance to be applied to the specification average for fill weights in order to determine compliance with requirements for fill weight averages for a sample.

(d) Compliance with recommended fill weights. Compliance with the recommended fill weights shall be in accordance with the acceptance criteria specified in the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables and the U.S. Standards for Determination of Fill Weights.

TABLE III.-RECOMMENDED FILL WEIGHT VALUES FOR CANNED FREESTONE PEACHES

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(a) General. (1) The color of canned freestone peaches other than canned "spiced" peaches refers to the predominant and characteristic color on the surface of whole units and the outside surface of other units, except the cut surfaces of such units are also considered when adversely affected by discoloration. Units other than whole on which the pit cavity is abnormally discolored are considered under the factor of "absence of defects" only.

(2) The factor of color for canned "spiced" peaches is not based on any detailed requirement and is not scored but the color shall be normal for canned "spiced" peaches; the other three factors (uniformity of size and symmetry, absence of defects, and character as applicable) are scored and the total is multiplied by 100 and divided by 80, dropping any fractions to determine the total score.

(b) (A) classification. Canned freestone peaches that possess a good color may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes that score 18 to 20 points shall not be graded above U.S. grade B, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). "Good color" means that the peaches possess a bright color ranging from pale yellowishorange to orange-yellow; and that there may be present units which possess "reasonably good color" as follows:

(1) In the style of halves, quarters, slices, or whole, not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may possess "reasonably good color"; or one unit in a container is permitted to possess "reasonably good color": Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such units do not exceed an average of 10 percent of the total number of units; and

(2) In the style of diced or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes, not

more than 10 percent, by weight, of the drained peaches may possess "reasonably good color".

(c) (B) classification. Canned freestone peaches that possess a reasonably good color may be given a score of 16 or 17 points. Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. grade B, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). "Reasonably good color" means that the canned freestone peaches possess a reasonably bright color that may fail to meet minimum color requirements for grade A but is equal to or better than pale yellow; that the units may possess slight discoloration due to oxidation, pit pigmentation, or other causes which does not more than slightly affect the appearance or edibility, or both, of the product; and that there may be present units which possess "fairly good color" as follows:

(1) In the style of halves, quarters, slices, or whole, not more than 10 percent, by court, of the units may possess "fairly good color"; or one unit in a container is permitted to possess "fairly good color": Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such units do not exceed an average of 10 percent of the total number of units; and

(2) In the style of diced or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes, 10 percent, by weight, of the drained peaches may possess "fairly good color".

(d) (C), (D), and (C-SP) classification. Canned freestone peaches that possess a fairly good color and canned "solid-pack" freestone peaches that possess a fairly good color or better color may be given a score of 14 or 15 points. Canned freestone peaches or canned "solid-pack" freestone peaches that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. grade C or U.S. grade C solidpack, whichever is applicable, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good color" means that the peaches possess a color that may fail to meet minimum color requirements for grade B but is equal to or better than a dull greenish yellow; that the units may possess slight discoloration due to oxidation, pit pigmentation, or other causes which do not materially affect the appearance or edibility, or both, of the product; and that the units may possess other color as follows:

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