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limiting rule). "Practically free from defects" means that the canned clingstone peaches are practically free from pit material, from harmless extraneous material, and from any defects not specifically mentioned that affect the appearance or edibility of the product, and in addition, has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of canned clingstone peaches:

(1) Halves, quarters; whole. Not more than an average of one-eighth square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; not more than 5 percent, by count, of the units may be crushed, or broken; and not more than 5 percent, by count, of units may be blemished. One unit in a container is permitted to be crushed or broken and one unit in a container is permitted to be blemished if any of such units exceeds the respective allowances of 5 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such crushed or broken units do not exceed an average of 5 percent of the total number of units and such blemished units do not exceed an average of 5 percent of the total number of units.

(2) Sliced. Not more than an average of one-eighth square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 3 percent, by count, of the units may be blemished. One unit in a container is permitted to be blemished if such unit exceeds the allowance of 3 percent by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such blemished units do not exceed an average of 3 percent of the total number of units.

(3) Diced. Not more than an average of one-eighth square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 3 percent, by weight, of drained clingstone peaches may consist of units that are blemished.

(4) Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes. Not more than an average of one-eighth square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 1 blemished unit for each 32 oz of total contents may be present.

(c) (B) clasification. Halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that are reasonably free from defects may be given a score of 24 to 26 points. Canned clingstone peaches that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B

or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably free from defects" means that the canned clingstone peaches are practically free from pit material, are reasonably free from harmless extraneous material and from any defects not specifically mentioned that affect the appearance or edibility of the product, and in addition, has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of canned clingstone peaches:

(1) Halves; quarters; whole. Not more than an average of 2 square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; not more than 5 percent, by count, of the units may be crushed, or broken; and not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may be blemished. One unit in a container is permitted to be crushed or broken and one unit in a container is permitted to be blemished if any of such units exceed the respective allowances of 5 percent and 10 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such crushed or broken units do not exceed an average of 5 percent of the total number of units and such blemished units do not exceed an average of 10 percent of the total number of units.

(2) Sliced. Not more than an average of 2-square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 6 percent, by count, of the units may be blemished. One unit in a single container is permitted to be blemished if such unit exceeds the allow ance of 6 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such blemished units do not exceed an average of 6 percent of the total number of units.

(3) Diced. Not more than an average of 2-square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 6 percent, by weight, of drained clingstone peaches may consist of units that are blemished.

(4) Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes. Not more than an average of 2-square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 1 blemished unit for each pound of total contents may be present.

(d) (C) classification. Halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 21 to 23 points. Canned clingston peaches

that fall into this classification shall not be graded above. U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects" means that the canned clingstone peaches are practically free from pit material, are fairly free from harmless extraneous material and from any defects not specifically mentioned that affect the appearance or edibility of the product, and in addition, has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of canned clingstone peaches:

(1) Halves; quarters; whole. Not more than an average of 1 square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; not more than 5 percent, by count, of the units may be crushed or broken; and not more than 20 percent, by count, of the units may be blemished. One unit in a container is permitted to be crushed or broken and one unit in a container is permitted to be blemished if any of such units exceed the respective allowances of 5 percent and 20 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such blemished units do not exceed an average of 20 percent of the total number of units.

(2) Slices; diced; mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes. Not more than an average of 1 square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present; and not more than 20 percent, by count, of the units may be blemished.

(e) (D) classification. Canned clingstone peaches of any style which fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section but which meet the requirements of this paragraph may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade D, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). Halves, quarters, or whole canned clingstone peaches that are thereby U.S. Grade D may also be "Below Standard in Quality"-Blemished" or "Partly Crushed or Broken" or "Unevenly Trimmed", or combinations thereof. Canned clingstone peaches of U.S. Grade D with respect to "absence of defects" are practically free from pit material, are fairly free from harmless extraneous material and from any defects not specifically mentioned that affect materially the appearance or edibility of the product, and in addition:

(1) Not more than an average of 1 square inch of peel for each pound of total contents may be present;

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(g) (C-SP) classification. Halves, quarters, slices, diced, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned "solid-pack" clingstone peaches that are fairly free from defects for canned "solidpack" clingstone peaches may be given a score of 21 to 23 points. Canned "solidpack" clingstone peaches that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C Solid-Pack or U.S. Standard Solid-Pack, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects for canned 'solid-pack' clingstone peaches" means that the canned "solid-pack" clingstone peaches are practically free from pit material; are fairly free from harmless extraneous material and from any defects specifically mentioned that affect the appearance or edibility of the product, and in addition, there may be present:

(1) Not more than an average of 1 square inch of peel for each pound of total contents; and

(2) Not more than 2 blemished units for each pound of total contents.

(h) (SStd-SP) classification. Halves, quarters, slices, diced, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned "solid-pack" clingstone peaches that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (g) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard Solid-Pack, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). § 52.2575

Character.

(a) General. The factor of character refers to the degree of ripeness, the texture, and tenderness of the product.

(b) (A) classification. Halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that possess a good character may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that score 27 to 30 points shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). "Good character" has the following meanings with respect to the various styles of canned clingstone peaches:

(1) Halves; quarters, slices; mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes. The units are pliable and possess a tender, fleshy texture typical of mature, well-ripened, properly prepared, and properly processed canned clingstone peaches; the units are intact and possess reasonably well-defined edges; and not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may possess a "reasonably good character". One unit in a container is permitted to possess a "reasonably good character" if such unit exceeds the allowance of 10 percent, by count: Provided, That the appearance or eating quality, or both, is not more than slightly affected by the character of such unit.

(2) Diced. The product generally possesses a texture typical of mature, well-ripened, properly prepared, and properly processed canned clingstone peaches; not more than 3 percent, by weight, of the drained clingstone peaches may be excessively frayed or mushy; and the product is otherwise reasonably free from crushed units.

(3) Whole. The units possess a tender texture typical of mature, well-ripened, properly prepared, and properly processed canned clingstone peaches; the units are uniformly intact and firm;

and not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may possess a "reasonably good character". One unit in a container is permitted to possess a "reasonably good character" if such unit exceeds the allowance of 10 percent, by count: Provided, That the appearance or eating quality, or both, is not more than slightly affected by the character of such unit.

(c) (B) classification. Halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that possess a reasonably good character may be given a score of 24 to 26 points. Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). "Reasonably good character" has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of canned clingstone peaches:

(1) Halves; quarters, slices; mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes. The units possess a texture typical of mature, properly ripened, properly prepared, and properly processed canned clingstone peaches; the texture is reasonably fleshy, and the units are reasonably tender or the tenderness may be variable within the unit; the units are reasonably intact with not more than slightly frayed edges and may be slightly firm or slightly soft but are not mushy; and not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may possess a fairly good character. One unit in a container is permitted to possess such fairly good character if such unit exceeds the allowance of 10 percent, by count: Provided, That the appearance or eating quality, or both, is not affected materially by the character of such unit.

(2) Diced. The product generally possesses a texture typical of mature, properly ripened, properly prepared, and properly processed canned clingstone peaches; not more than 5 percent, by weight, of the drained clingstone peaches may be excessively frayed or mushy; and the product is otherwise reasonably free from crushed units.

(3) Whole. The units possess a texture typical of mature, properly ripened, properly prepared, and properly processed canned clingstone peaches; the units are reasonably tender or the tenderness may be variable within the unit; the units may be slightly firm or slightly soft but are not mushy; and not more

than 10 percent, by count, of the units may possess a fairly good character, except for mushy or "not tender" units. One unit in a container is permitted to possess such fairly good character if such unit exceeds the allowance of 10 percent, by count: Provided, That the appearance or eating quality, or both, is not affected materially by the character of such unit.

(d) (C) classification. Halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that possess a fairly good character may be given a score of 21 to 23 points. Canned clingstone peaches that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good character" has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of canned clingstone peaches:

(1) Halves; quarters; slices; mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes. The units possess a texture typical of mature, properly prepared, and properly processed canned clingstone peaches which may be variable in fleshiness but the texture is fairly fleshy; the units may be lacking uniformity of tenderness; the units may be frayed but not excessively frayed or may be soft; and not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the drained clingstone peaches may be mushy or units that are so firm as to be "not tender".

(2) Diced. The product generally possesses a texture typical of mature, properly prepared, and properly processed canned clingstone peaches; not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the drained clingstone peaches may be excessively frayed or mushy or are so firm as to be "not tender"; and the product is otherwise fairly free from crushed units.

(3) Whole. The units possess a texture typical of mature, properly prepared, and properly processed canned clingstone peaches which may be variable; the units may be lacking uniformity of tenderness; the units may be markedly firm or markedly ragged or soft; and not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may be mushy or so firm as to be "not tender". One unit in a container is permitted to be mushy or "not tender" if such unit exceeds the allow

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ance of 10 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample, such units do not exceed an average of 10 percent of the total number of units.

(e) (D) classification. Canned clingstone peaches of any style that meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section with respect to units that are so firm as to be "not tender" but which otherwise possess a noticeably variable texture with not more than 25 percent, by weight, of the drained canned clingstone peaches that consist of mushy fruit may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade D, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(f) (SStd) classification. Canned clingstone peaches of any style that fail to meet the applicable requirements of paragraph (d) or (e) of this section or that are so firm as to be "not tender" may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). Halves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches that are "pot tender" are also "Below standard in quality-Not tender".

(g) (C-SP) classification. Halves, quarters, slices, diced, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned "solid-pack" clingstone peaches that possess a fairly good character for canned "solid-pack" clingstone peaches may be given a score of 21 to 23 points. Canned "solid-pack" clingstone peaches that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C Solid-Pack or U.S. Standard Solid-Pack, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good character for canned 'solid-pack' clingstone peaches" means the product generally possesses a texture of properly prepared and properly processed "solid-pack" clingstone peaches which may be variable in tenderness, may be soft, or may consist of fairly firm units.

(h) (SStd-SP) classification. Halves, quarters, slices, diced, or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes of canned "solid-pack" clingstone peaches that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (g) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above substandard solid-pack, regard

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"canned yellow freestone peaches" or "canned yellow free peaches" as such product is purported to be in the standard of identity for canned peaches (21 CFR 27.0) issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. For the purposes of the standards in this subpart, and unless the text indicates otherwise, the terms "canned peaches" or "canned freestone peaches" include "canned yellow freestone peaches" and "canned spiced yellow freestone peaches" as defined in the aforesaid standard of identity, and canned "solid-pack" freestone peaches.

(b) Canned "solid-pack" freestone peaches. For the purposes of the standards in this subpart, canned peaches when referred to as "canned 'solid-pack' freestone peaches" or "solid-pack freestone peaches" means prepared peaches of the yellow freestone varietal group packed without a liquid packing medium, with or without a dry nutritive sweetening ingredient added, and sufficiently processed by heat to assure preservation of the product in hermetically-sealed containers. "Solid-pack" peaches to which a sweetening ingredient has not been added are considered "unsweetened"; "solid-pack" peaches to which a dry nutritive sweetening ingredient has been added are considered "sweetened". § 52.2602

Styles.

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peaches are peeled and pitted peaches, cut approximately in half along the suture from stem to apex.

(b) "Quarters" or "quartered" canned peaches are halved peaches cut into two approximately equal parts.

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(c) "Slices" or "sliced" peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut into sectors smaller than quarters.

(d) "Dice" or "diced" canned peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut into approximate cubes.

(e) "Whole" canned peaches are peeled, unpitted, whole peaches with or without stems removed.

(f) "Mixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes" are peeled, pitted, and cut units of canned peaches that are predominantly irregular in size and shape which do not conform to a single style of halves, quarters, slices, or dice and which may consist of:

(1) Units (commonly called "salad cuts" or "salad pieces") which may have been prepared originally as peach halves

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