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& 52.1879

Character. (a) General. The factor of character refers to the texture and degree of maturity and degree of disintegration as evidenced by crushed raspberries.

(1) A “crushed" raspberry is & raspberry in which more than 50 percent of the drupelets are crushed, broken, or detached, or if the normal shape of the raspberry is otherwise seriously affected or destroyed.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen raspberries that possess a good character may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. “Good character" means that the raspberries are mature, well-developed, and practically intact to the extent that not more than 5 percent, by weight, of the raspberries may be slightly immature or slightly over-mature; that the raspberries are fleshy and tender; that the raspberries and accompanying liquor, if any, are practically free from detached seed cells; that not more than 10 percent, by weight, of red raspberries

may be crushed; and that not more than 5 percent, by weight, of black raspberries may be crushed.

(c) (B) classification. If the frozen raspberries have a reasonably good character, a score of 14 to 16 points may be given. Frozen raspberries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, re

gardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably good character" means that the raspberries are reasonably mature, ressonably well-developed, and reasonably intact to the extent that not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the raspberries may be slightly immature or slightly over-mature; that the raspberries are reasonably fleshy and reasonably tender; that the raspberries and accompanying liquor, if any, are reasonably free from detached seed cells; that not more than 20 percent, by weight, of red raspberries may be crushed; and that not more than 15 percent, by weight, of black raspberries may be crushed.

(d) (SStd) classification. Frozen raspberries that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above U. 8. Grade D or Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this 18 a limiting rule).

(e) Evaluation of score points. The evaluation of the score points for the factor of character may be determined from Table No. II of this section which indicates the general requirements for texture and intactness, and the maxia mum allowances for variation in matu. rity and for crushed raspberries for the score indicated.

TABLE NO. III-CHARACTER

Grade

Black rasp

Score points

Slightly

Crushed

immature General description of texture and and slightly Red raspintactness

overmature berries berries

Maximum (by weight) Percent Percent Percent 2

2 Mature, well-developed, practically

3

3 intact, fleshy and tender, practically

4
8

4 free from seed cells.

5
10

6 (Reasonably mature, reasonably well

7

12 developed, reasonably intact, rea

9
16

12 sonably fleshy and tender, reasonably

10
20

15 free from seed cells.

More than the allowances permitted for 14 score points

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§ 52.1880 Determination of the grades

of frozen raspberries for manufac

turing. (a) The grade of frozen raspberries for manufacturing is determined immediately after thawing a sample to the extent that the units may be separated easily. The grade of frozen raspberries for manufacturing is ascertained by considering the following factors, and for which no scoring system is provided : Color, absence of defects, and character.

(b) "Normal flavor and odor" means that the raspberries are free from objectionable flavors, off flavors, and objectionable odors of any kind. $ 52.1881 Ascertaining the rating of

each factor for frozen raspberries for

manufacturing. (See Table No. IV, $ 52.1884, which is a brief summary of requirements for grades of frozen raspberries for manufacturing.) $ 52.1882 Color.

(a) (A) classification. “U.S. Grade A for Manufacturing" or "U.S. Fancy for Manufacturing" requires that the frozen raspberries shall possess a bright, practically uniform, typical color. “Bright, practically uniform, typical color" means that the raspberries, possess a bright and good characteristic color; that not more than 5 percent, by weight, of the raspberries vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the characteristic color of well-ripened raspberries; and that none of the raspberries possess a grey cast or darkening characteristic of oxidation or over-maturity.

(b) (B) classification. “U. S. Grade B for Manufacturing” or “U. S. Choice for Manufacturing" requires that the frozen raspberries shall possess a rea

sonably bright, reasonably uniform typical color. “Reasonably bright, reasonably uniform, typical color” means that the raspberries possess reasonably bright, reasonably good characteristic color; that not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the raspberries vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the characteristic color of well-ripened raspberries; and that the raspberries may possess a slight grey cast or slight darkening characteristic of oxidation or over-maturity.

(c) (SStd) classification. Frozen raspberries for manufacturing that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section for the factor of color shall be considered U. S. Grade D for Manufacturing or Substandard

for Manufacturing. $ 52.1883 Absence of defects.

(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous material, caps and portions thereof, sepal-like bracts and portions thereof, stems, undeveloped raspberries, and damaged raspberries.

(1) "Harmless extraneous material" means vegetable substances such as weeds, grass, and leaves and any portions thereof that are harmless.

(2) A “cap” means a loose or attached full cap or a portion of a cap to which at least one sepal-like bract or portion thereof is attached. A "stem" that is attached to the cap is considered a separate defect.

(3) A "stem" means & stem, either loose or attached, that is longer than 14 inch.

(4) An "undeveloped raspberry" means a raspberry or a portion of a raspberry that is shriveled or in which more than one-fourth of the raspberry pos

sesses hard undeveloped drupelets or that possesses deformed areas which materially affect either the appearance or the edibility of the product.

(5) A "damaged raspberry" means a raspberry or a portion of a raspberry that is damaged by bruises or pathological, insect, or other injury or is damaged by other means which materially affect either the appearance or the edibility of the product. “Damage" includes any surface blemish or blemishes on a raspberry which in the aggregate exceed that of a circle 44 inch in diameter or any noticeable blemish, regardless of area, that extends into the fruit tissue. Minute, insignificant injuries are not considered as damage.

(6) "Area” means the aggregate surface covered by the material stated when such material or portions thereof are placed in a contiguous position with no intervening spaces.

(b) (A) classification. “U. S. Grade A for Manufacturing” or “U. S. Fancy for Manufacturing" requires that the frozen raspberries shall be practically free from defects for the purposes of manufacturing. “Practically free from defects for the purposes of manufacturing" means that there may be present for each 16 ounces of net weight an area of not more than 44 square inch comprising harmless extraneous material (such as leaves and portions thereof), caps and portions thereof, and loose sepal-like bracts and portions thereof; and not more than 2 stems, including not more than 1 stem which may exceed 12 Inch in length, or 1 piece of harmless extraneous material that is not measurable by area (such as weeds and blades of grass); and that there may be present not more than a total of 10 percent, by weight, of raspberries that are unde

veloped raspberries and damaged raspberries.

(c) (B) classification. “U. S. Grade B for Manufacturing” or “U. S. Choice for Manufacturing" requires that the frozen raspberries shall be reasonably free from defects for the purposes of manufacturing. "Reasonably free from defects for the purposes of manufacturing" means that there may be present for each 16 ounces of net weight an area of not more than 42 square inch com. prising harmless extraneous material (such as leaves and portions thereof), caps and portions thereof, and loose sepal-like bracts and portions thereof; and not more than 4 stems, including not more than 1 stem which may exceed 12 inch in length, or 1 piece of harmless extraneous material that is not measurable by area (such as weeds and blades of grass); and that there may be present not more than a total of 20 percent, by weight, of raspberries that are undeveloped raspberries and damaged raspberries.

(d) (SStd) classification. Frozen raspberries for manufacturing that fall to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section for the factor of absence of defects shall be considered U. 8. Grade D for Manufacturing or Substandard for Manufacturing. $ 52.1884 Character.

(a) General. The factor of character refers to the texture and degree of maturity and degree of disintegration as evidenced by crushed raspberries.

(1) A "crushed" raspberry is a raspberry in which more than 50 percent of the drupelets are crushed, broken, or detached, or if the normal shape of the raspberry is otherwise seriously affected or destroyed.

TABLE NO. IV-BRIEF SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADES OF FROZEN RASPBERRIES FOR MANUFACTURINO

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TABLU NO. IV-BBIET SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADES or FROZEN RASPBERRIES FOB

MANUFACTURINGContinued

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(b) (A) classification. “U. S. Grade A for Manufacturing" or "U. S. Fancy for Manufacturing" requires that the frozen raspberries shall possess a good character for the purposes of manufacturing. “Good character for the purposes of manufacturing" means that the raspberries are reasonably mature, ressonably well-developed, and reasonably intact to the extent that not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the raspberries may be slightly immature or slightly over-mature; that the raspberries are reasonably fleshy and reasonably tender; that the raspberries and accompanying liquor, if any, are reasonably free from detached seed cells; and that not more than 25 percent, by weight, of the raspberries may be crushed.

(c) (B) classification. “U. 8. Grade B for Manufacturing" or “U. 8. Choice for Manufacturing" requires that the frozen raspberries shall possess a reasonably

good character for the purposes of manufacturing. “Reasonably good character for the purposes of manufacturing" means that the raspberries are fairly mature, fairly well-developed, and fairly intact to the extent that not more than 15 percent, by weight, of the raspberries may be slightly immature or slightly over-mature; that the raspberries are fairly fleshy and fairly tender; that the raspberries and accompanying liquor, if any, are fairly free from detached seed cells; that not more than 50 percent, by weight, of the raspberries may be crushed.

(d) (SStd) classification. Frozen raspberries that fall to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above U. 8. Grade D for Manufacturing or Substandard for Manufacturing.

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essed by heat to prevent spoilage. Citric acid or a vinegar may be added in a quantity not more than sufficient to permit effective processing by heat without discoloration or other impairment of the product. One or more of the optional seasoning ingredients specified in the aforesaid standards of identity may be added. § 52.1902 Styles of canned spinach.

(a) “Whole leaf” spinach consists substantially of the leaf and adjoining portion of the stem.

(b) “Cut leaf" or "Sliced” spinach consists of the leaf and adjoining portion of stem that has been cut predominantly into large pieces approximating threefourths inch or more in the longest dimension or cut predominantly into approximate strips.

(c) “Chopped” spinach consists of the leaf and adjoining portion of stem that has been cut predominantly into small pieces less than approximately threefourths inch in the longest dimension, $ 52.1903 Grades of canned spinach.

(a) “U.S. Grade A" (or "U.8. Fancy") is the quality of canned spinach that has a good flavor and odor and is attractive in appearance and eating quality within the limitations set forth in this subpart as to:

(1) Color,
(2) Character,
(3) Stem material,
(4) Damage, and
(5) Harmless extraneous material.

(b) "U.S. Grade B” (or “U.S. Extra Standard") is the quality of canned spinach that has a good flavor and odor and is reasonably attractive in appearance and eating quality within the limitations set forth in this subpart as to:

(1) Color,
(2) Character,
(3) Stem material,
(4) Damage, and
(5) Harmless extraneous material.

(c) "Substandard” is the quality of canned spinach that fails to meet the requirements for “U.S. Grade B”.

DEFINITIONS OF TERMS AND SYMBOLS § 52.1904 Definitions of terms

and symbols. (a) Terms. Defect

Any specifically deaned

variation from a particular requirement.

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1

1 Indicatos limiting rule within classification. Subpart-U.S. Standards for Grades

of Canned Spinach SOURCE: $8 52.1901 to 62.1916 appear at 35 F.R. 3745, Feb. 26, 1970, unless otherwise noted.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, GRADES $ 52.1901 Product description.

"Canned Spinach”, as defined in the definitions and standards of identity for canned vegetables (21 CFR 51.990) issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, means the product properly prepared from the succulent leaves of the spinach plant and is packed with the addition of water in hermetically sealed containers and suficiently proc

i Compliance with the provisions of these standards shall not excuse failure to comply with the provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, or with applicable State laws and regulations.

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