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properly or improperly treated, is most assuredly well selected at the present affecting and eventful moment, which calls upon us to behold the truly awful and most dreadful havoc which, within a few short weeks, nay even days, death has made among us. If the dead rise not, then may we account ourselves most miserable. If, however, the doctrine be true, of the immortality of the soul and the resurrection of the body, as the Scriptures assure us—Scriptures which, as every reflecting mind must know, contain the words of truth, then may we have confidence towards God, and regard the death of our fellow mortals, not with terror or dismay, but with complacency and thankfulness of heart.

While, however, I address these, which I trust you may receive as words of comfort and of truth, I feel myself called upon to offer one or two observations which bear more directly on the deaths which have recently occurred in this parish. In one family, which but a few weeks since consisted of six individuals, possessed of health and strength, and with length of days before them, four have been committed to the tomb, and perhaps even the remaining two may be now ready to follow themperhaps even in a few short hours the well known sound may warn us that death has gained fresh victories, and that the tomb is again ready to receive his victims! Undoubtedly such a fatality has been permitted by God for the wisest of purposes, yet is it according to our natural feelings, and the religion which we profess, that we should resist the assaults

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of death by all the means which God has bestowed upon us. And much do I regret to say, that in the present case, death has not been checked in his advances, but has been rather aided and encouraged by neglect—by neglect inherent in a system which, if not unsound in principle, is most assuredly imperfect in practice. Had disease, the infectious nature of which is doubtful, or, if not doubtful, trifling, not been aided by the absence of wholesome food, by the fact of the living and the dead being mixed together in the same crowded apartment, it is quite according to human probability that so dreadful a catastrophe would not have occurred. It is, therefore to be hoped, that those influential individuals who have the means of correcting a system to which, as I honestly believe, such fatal effects are attributable, will bring these means into action without delay. It is, likewise, to be hoped, that until this be done, the poor, in strict com. pliance with their religion, will display that patience in affliction for which they are oftentimes so remarkable, and in imitation of that Saviour who suffered wrongfully for their sakes, and for the sake of the whole world!

SERMON XIX.

CHRISTIAN BENEVOLENCE-UNIVERSAL.

Sr. LUKE, X. 37.

Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou

likewise."

The recommendation which our Lord here gives is to be understood by a reference to the preceding conversation between him and a certain lawyer who had proposed the question : “What shall I do to inherit eternal life?” The lawyer is said to have tempted our Lord by the question which he thus proposed. By this expression we are to understand, according to the sense of the original word, that the lawyer made an attempt upon our Saviour ; that is, that he made an effort or an attempt to force our Saviour to give such a reply as would flatter his own vanity, and cancel, in respect of himself, the general censure which the Redeemer had so frequently passed on the sect of the Pharisees, to which he belonged.

Our Lord proposed the following question in reply: “ What is written in the law ? how readest

thou?" “He answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.” Our Lord expressed his approbation of the answer, and immediately exhorted him thus : “ This do and thou shalt live.

The portion of the law to which the latter part of the above words refer is the eighteenth verse of the nineteenth chapter of the book of Leviticus. In this we find the following injunction, which, among many others, was given by God to his servant Moses : “ Thou shalt not avenge nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the Lord.” Now, as it has just appeared, the two parties above mentioned were perfectly agreed as to the correctness and authority of the injunction itself ; but their agreement as to the interpretation of the above injunction seems to be somewhat more problematical. It is clear that our Lord felt persuaded that his questioner had not acted up to the injunction which he had quoted from the third book of Moses ; and the latter, with the self-conceit so peculiar to his party, would probably have replied, as a young man is represented to have done by St. Matthew, when holding a somewhat similar conversation with our Lord, “all these things have I kept from my youth up.". Such a misunderstanding undoubtedly was it, which caused the conversation to be continued.

a Matt, xix. 20.

Our Lord adhered to his own opinion, and the lawyer adhering to his, and being willing to justify himself, continued thus: “Who is my neighbour ?” Jesus Christ answered this question by reciting a parable in which an unfortunate individual, who, on his

way from Jerusalem to Jericho having been ill-treated and disabled by thieves, was neglected by his own countrymen, a priest and a Levite, though he afterwards received from a Samaritan, who was a stranger and even an enemy to his country, that assistance and attention which his distress required. “And which of these three,” continued our Lord, “thinkest thou was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves ?” The reply was self-evident; the lawyer was compelled to confess “He that shewed mercy

on him.”

It is, however, brethren, of importance to a due understanding of our subject, that we should rightly comprehend the meaning of this admission, as well as the feelings and disposition of him who made it, in reference to the Samaritan, whom he described as the neighbour of his unfortunate countryman. It is a well known historical fact, expressed in the conversation which a certain woman of Samaria held with our Lord, that for many centuries before Christ the “ Jews had no dealings with the Samaritans."* It is, moreover, sufficiently evident, that in declaring the Samaritan to have been, in the true sense of the word, the neighbour of a stranger, the lawyer was awarding praise to this Samari

• John, iv. 9.

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