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for Thy own name's sake! O Thou, who diedst to save sinners, have mercy upon me!"

12. Below were cliffs, chasms, blocks of stone, and the skeletons of old trees-far, far down, and dwindled into specks—and a thousand creatures of her own kind, stationary or running to and fro! Was that the sound of the waterfall, or the faint roar of voices? Is that her native strath ?-and that tuft of trees, does it contain the hut in which stands the cradle of her child? Never more shall it be rocked by her foot! Here must she die; and when her breast is exhausted, her baby too! And those horrid beaks, and eyes, and talons, and wings will return and her child will be devoured at last, even within the dead bosom that can protect it no more.

John Wilson.

FOR PREPARATION. I. John Wilson was a professor in Edinburgh University. In 1822 he published "Lights and Shadows of Scottish Life." He wrote much for Blackwood, under the name of "Christopher North. In what country is the scene of this piece laid? What words tell this? (ta'en for taken, puir for poor, bairn and wean for child, wee for little, etc.).

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II. Explain spelling and pronunciation of whis'-tle (hwis'l), shriēk (shreek), ey'-rie (a'ry or e'ry), wring'-ing (ring'-), eliffs, stā'-tion-a-ry (-shun-), un-eon'-scious, în'-no-çent, jõe'-und, sǎe'-ra-ment.

III. Explain apostrophe in "o'clock." What word is used for the feminine of lad?—of man? Why is a capital letter used in the following cases : great Being (2), Providence (9), Father (6)? Find more words spelled with capitals for the same reason. "It lives" (11)-whose words are these?

IV. Give the meaning in your own words of wains, sward, jocund, “tree gnomons" (the shadows of the trees told the time of day, like dials), “graces were pronounced," mantling, talons, copse, shingle, essaying, discomfiture, dilapidated, decrepitude, dwindled, chasms, quailed, cowed, transfixed.

V. "Bullion bars of butter" (shape and color like gold bars?). "Female shriek "-how does a female's shriek differ from any other? "A congregation at a sacrament" (3)—why just at that time? Select the sentences in which the author makes us know the season of the year, the time of day, and the features of the landscape. See note to LXXXV. in regard to the preparation of long and difficult pieces.


1. Where, all this time, was Mark Stewart, the sailor? Halfway up the cliffs. But his eye had got dim and his heart sick; and he, who had so often reefed the topgallant sail, when at midnight the coming of the gale was heard afar, covered his face with his hands, and dared look no longer on the swimming heights.


2. And who will take care of my poor, bedridden mother?" thought Hannah, whose soul, through the exhaustion of so many passions, could no more retain in its grasp that hope which it had clutched in despair. A voice whispered, "God." She looked around, expecting to see an angel, but nothing moved, except a rotten branch, that, under its own weight, broke off from the crumbling rock. Her eye, Her eye, by some secret sympathy of her soul with the inanimate object, watched its fall; and it seemed to stop not far off, on a small platform.

3. Her child was bound within her bosom-she remembered not how or when, but it was safe; and, scarcely daring to open her eyes, she slid down the shelving rocks, and found herself on a small piece of firm, root-bound soil, with the tops of bushes appearing below. With fingers suddenly strengthened into the power of iron, she swung herself down, by brier, and broom, and heather, and dwarf birch. Here, a loosened stone leaped over a ledge; and no sound was heard, so profound was its fall. There, the shingle rattled down the screes, and she hesitated not to follow.

4. Her feet bounded against the huge stone that stopped them, but she felt no pain. Her body was callous as the cliff. Steep as the upright wall of a house was now the side of the precipice. But it was matted

with ivy centuries old, long ago dead, and without a single green leaf, but with thousands of arm-thick stems, petrified into the rock, and covering it as with a trellis. She bound her baby to her neck, and, with hands and feet, clung to the fearful ladder.

5. Turning round her head and looking down, lo! the whole population of the parish-so great was the multitude—on their knees! and, hush! the voice of psalms! a hymn, breathing the spirit of one united prayer! Sad and solemn was the strain, but nothing dirge-like, breathing not of death, but deliverance. Often had she sung that tune, perhaps the very words-but them she heard not-in her own hut, she and her mother; or in the kirk, along with the congregation.

6. An unseen hand seemed fastening her fingers to the ribs of ivy; and, in sudden inspiration, believing that her life was to be saved, she became almost as fearless as if she had been changed into a winged creature. Again her feet touched stones and earth; the psalm was hushed, but a tremulous, sobbing voice was close beside her, and lo! a she-goat, with two little kids, at her feet! "Wild heights," thought she, "do these creatures climb, but the dam will lead down her kid by the easiest paths; for, oh! even in the brute creatures, what's the holy power of a mother's love!" and, turning round her head, she kissed her sleeping baby, and for the first time she wept.

7. Overhead frowned the front of the precipice, never before touched by human hand or foot. No one had ever dreamed of scaling it; and the golden eagles knew that well, in their instinct, as, before they built their eyrie, they had brushed it with their wings. But all the rest of this part of the mountain side, though scarred and seamed and chasmed, was yet accessible; and more than

one person in the parish had reached the bottom of the Glead's Cliff.

8. Many were now attempting it; and ere the cautious mother had followed her dumb guides a hundred yards, among dangers that, although enough to terrify the stoutest heart, were traversed by her without a shudder, the head of one man appeared, and then the head of another; and she knew that God had delivered her and her child, in safety, into the care of their fellow


9. Not a word was spoken-eyes said enough; she hushed her friends with her hands, and, with uplifted eyes, pointed to the guides lent to her by Heaven. Small, green plats, where those creatures nibble the wild flowers, became now more frequent; trodden lines, almost as easy as sheep paths, showed that the dam had not led her young into danger; and now the brushwood dwindled away into straggling shrubs, and the party stood on a little eminence above the stream, and forming part of the strath.

10. There had been trouble and agitation, much sobbing, and many tears, among the multitude, while the mother was scaling the cliffs; sublime was the shout that echoed afar the moment she reached the eyrie; then had succeeded a silence deep as death; in a little while arose that hymning prayer, succeeded by mute supplication; the wildness of thankful and congratulatory joy had next its sway; and, now that her salvation was sure, the great crowd rustled like a wind-swept wood.

11. And for whose sake was all this alternation of agony and joy? A poor, humble creature, unknown to many, even by name; one who had but few friends, nor wished for more; contented to work all day, here, there, any

where, that she might be able to support her aged mother and her little child; and who, on Sabbath, took her seat in an obscure pew, set apart for paupers, in the kirk!

12. Fall back, and give her fresh air!" said the old minister of the parish; and the circle of close faces widened around her, lying as in death. "Give me the bonnie bit bairn into my arms!" cried first one mother, and then another; and it was tenderly handed around the circle of kisses, many of the snooded maidens bathing its face in tears. "There's na a scratch about the puir innocent, for the eagle, you see, maun hae stuck its talons into the lang claes and the shawl. Blin', blin' maun they be, who see not the finger o' God in this thing!"

13. Hannah started up from her swoon, and, looking wildly around, cried: "Oh! the bird! the bird! the eagle! The eagle has carried off my bonnie wee Walter ! Is there nane to pursue?" A neighbor put her baby to her breast, and, shutting her eyes and smiting her forehead, the sorely bewildered creature said, in a low voice: "Am I wauken? Oh, tell me if I am wauken! or if a' this be the wark o' a fever, and the delirium o' a dream!"

John Wilson.

FOR PREPARATION.—I. Kirk (church), strath (river valley), na (for not), lang claes (long clothes), blin' (blind), maun (must), nane (none), wauken (waking), wark (work), screes (cliffs). Note these and other Scotch words.

II. Heights (hits), psälmş (sāmz), hỹmn'-ing (him'-).

III. Meaning of "a'" (11 omitted) and “o'” (f) (13) ?

IV. Define, in your own words, reefed, topgallant, bedridden, sympathy, inanimate, heather, ledge, callous, petrified, trellis, tremulous, scaling, accessible, plats, eminence, congratulatory, alternation, paupers, swoon, traversed.

V. Write the substance of this story from memory, after taking notes of the contents of each verse, and then compare, verse by verse, your style with that of the original.

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