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Ber. Have you had quiet Guard?
Ber. Well, good night.
If you do meet Horatio and Marcellus,
The rivals of my Watch, bid them make hafte.
Enter Horatio and Marcellus.
Fran. I think, I hear them. Stand, ho! Who is there?
Ilor. Friends to this ground.
Mar. And liege-men to the Dane.
Fran. Give you good night.
Mar. Oh, farewel, honeft foldier. Who hath reliev'd you?
Fran. Bernardo has my place.
Mer. Holla! Bernardo.
Give you good [Exit Francifco.
Ber. Say, what, is Horatio there?
2 Hor. A piece of him.
Ber. Welcome, Horatio; welcome, good Mar
Mar. What, has this thing appeared again to night?
The rivals of my Watch,-] Rivals, for partners. WARB. By Rivals of the Watch are meant thofe who were to watch on the next adjoining ground. Rivals, in the original fenfe of the word, were proprietors of
Ber. I have feen nothing.
Mar. Horatio fays, 'tis but our phantafy,
neighbouring lands, parted only by a brook, which belonged equally to both. HANMER. Hor. A piece of him] But why a piece? He fays this as he gives his hand. Which direction fhould be marked. WARB. That
That if again this apparition come,
And let us once again affail your ears,
And let us hear Bernardo speak of this.
Enter the Ghoft.
When yon fame ftar, that's weftward from the pole,
Mar. Peace, break thee off;
Look, where it comes again.
Ber. In the fame figure; like the King that's dead.
fpeak. Mar. It is offended.
Ber. See! it ftalks away.
Ber. It would be spoke to.
Mar. Speak to it, Horatio.
Hor. What art thou, that ufurp'ft this time of night,
Together with that fair and warlike form,
3 •approve our eyes,] Add a new testimony to that of our eyes.
4 What we tavo nights have feen.] This line is by Hanmer given to Marcellus, but without neceffity,
Hor. Stay; fpeak; I charge thee, fpeak.
Mar. 'Tis gone, and will not answer. Ber. How now, Horatio? you tremble and look pale,
Is not this fomething more than phantasy?
Hor. Before my God, I might not this believe,
Of mine own eyes.
Mar. Is it not like the King?
Such was the very armour he had on,
• He fmote the fleaded Polack on the ice.
Mar. Thus twice before, and just at this dead hour,
With martial ftalk, he hath gone by our Watch,
5 Hefmote the fleaded Polack on
the ice.] Pole-ax in the common editions. He fpeaks of a Prince of Poland whom he flew in battle. He uses the word Polack again, Act 2. Scene 4. POPE. Polack was, in that age, the term for an inhabitant of Poland: Polaque, French. As in a tranflation of Pafferatius's epitaph on Henry III. of France, published by Camden:
Whether thy chance or choice. thee hither brings, Stay, pafenger, and wail the best of kings,
This little fone a great king's heart doth bold,
Who rut'd the fickle French and Polacks bold:
So frail are even the highest Earthly things.
Go, paffenger, and wail the hap of kings.
and JUST at this dead bour,] The old quarto reads JUMPE but the following editions discarded it for a more fafhionable word. WARB. The old reading is, jump at this fame hour; fame is a kind of correlative to jump; just is in the oldelt folio. The correction was probably made by the authour.
But, in the grofs fcope of my opinion,
Mar. Good now fit down, and tell me, he that knows,
Why this fame ftrict and moft obfervant Watch
Hor. That can I;
At least, the whifper goes fo. Our laft King,
7- who by fear'd compat, Well ratified by law AND beraldry, The fubject spoken of is a duel between two monarchs, who fought for a wager, and entered into articles for the juft performance of the terms agreed upon. Two forts of law then were neceffary to regulate the decifion of the affair; the Civil Law, and the Law of Arms; as, had there been a wager without a duel, it had been the civil law only; or a duel without a wager, the law of arms only. Let us fee now how our
Did forfeit, with his life, all thofe his Lands,
Had he been vanquisher; as by that cov❜nant,
That hath a ftomach it; which is no other,
But to recover of us by ftrong hand,
3 And terms compulfative, thofe forefaid Lands
Is the main motive of our preparations,
I conclude Shakespear wrote, who by fear'd compact Well ratified by law of beraldry.
i. e. the execution of the civil
the LAW OF HERALDRY in war
the articles, the covenants entered into to confirm that bargain. Hence we fee the common reading makes a tautology. WARB. 9 And carriage of the articles
defign'd.] Carriage, is import: defigned, is formed, drawn up between them.
Of unimproved mettle] Unimproved, for unrefined. WAR.
Full of unimproved mettle, is full of fpirit not regulated or guided by knowledge or experience.
2 That hath a stomach in't :- -} Stomach, in the time of our authour, was used for conftancy, reSolution.
3 And terms compulfative,-] The old quarto, better, compul WARBURTON. Ber.