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Line 243. And to become the geck-] And permit Posthumus to become the geck, &c.

Line 317. 'Tis still a dream; or else such stuff as madmen

Tongue, and brain not: either both, or nothing:
Or senseless speaking, or a speaking such

As sense cannot untie.] The meaning, which is too thin to be easily caught, I take to be this: This is a dream or madness, or bothor nothing,—but whether it be a speech without consciousness, as in a dream, or a speech unintelligible, as in madness, be it as it is, it is like my course life.

JOHNSON. Line 334. sorry that you have paid too much, and sorry that you are paid too much ;] i. e. sorry that you have paid too much out of your pocket, and sorry that you are paid, or subdued, too much by the liquor.

STEEVENS. Line 340. -debitor and creditor-] For an accounting book.


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ACT V. SCENE V. Line 393.

one that promis'd nought

But beggary and poor looks.] To promise nothing but poor looks, may be, to give no promise of courageous behaviour.

JOHNSON Line 487. So feat,] So ready; so dexterous in waiting.

JOHNSON. 574. Quail to remember,] To quail is to sink into dejection.

STEEVENS. 612. as Dian-] i. e. as if Dian. MALONE.

635. -averring notes-] Such marks of the chamber and pictures, as averred or confirmed my report. JOHNSON.

Line 654. and she herself.] That is, She was not only the temple of virtue, but virtue herself.

JOHNSON Line 670. -these staggers-] This wild and delirious perturbation. Staggers is the horse's apoplexy. JOHNSON.

Line 708. Think, that you are upon u rock ;] In this speech, or in the answer, there is little meaning. I suppose, she would say,–Consider such another act as equally fatal to me with precipitation from a rock, and now let me see whether you will re


peat it.

Line 771. By tasting of our wrath ?] The consequence is taken for the whole action : by tasting is by forcing us to make thee tu taste.

JOHNSON. Line 809. Your pleasure was my mere offence, &c.] My crime, my punishment, and all the treason that I committed, originated in, and were founded on, your caprice only.

MALONE. Line 828. Thou weep'st, and speak'st.] Thy tears give testimony to the sincerity of thy relation; and I have the less reason to be incredulous, because the actions which you have done within my knowledge are more incredible than the story which you relate." The king reasons very justly.



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Line 4. cession.

ACT I. SCENE I. my successive title-] i. e. my title to the suc


ACT I. SCENE II. Line 74. Hail, Rome, victorious in thy mourning weeds !] We may suppose the Romans in a grateful ceremony, meeting the dead sons of Andronicus with mournful habits. JOHNSON.

Or that they were in mourning for their emperor who was just dead.

Steevens. Line 82. Thou great defender of this Capitol,) Jupiter, to whom the Capitol was sacred.

JOHNSON. Line 176. And fame's eternal date, for virtue's praise !] To lite in fame's date is, if an allowable, yet a harsh expression.

To outlive an eternal date is, though not philosophical, yet poetical sense. He wishes that her life may be longer than his, and her praise longer than fame.

JOHNSON. Line 188. That hath aspir'd to Solon's happiness,] The maxim of Solon here alluded to is, that no man can be pronounced to be happy before his death.

MALONE Line 200. -don this robe,] i. e, do on this robe, put it on.

STEEVENS. - changing piece-] Spoken of Lavinia. Piece was then, as it is now, used personally as a word of contempt.

JOHNSON Line 339. To ruffle in the commonwealth of Rome.) To refie meant, to be noisy, disorderly, turbulent. A ruffler was a boisterous swaggerer.

MALONE. Line 369. I am not bid-] i. e, incited.

MALONE. 416. The Greeks, upon advice, did bury Ajar

That slew himself ; and wise Laertes' son

Did graciously pleud for his funeral.] This passage alone would sufficiently convince me, that the play before us was the work of one who was conversant with the Greek tragedies in their original language. We have here a plain allusion to the Ajax of Sophocles, of which no translation was extant in the time of Shakspeare. In that piece, Agamemnon consents at last to allow Ajax the rites of sepulture, and Ulysses is the pleader, whose arguments prevail in favour of his remains,


ACT II. SCENE Į. Line 1, In the quarto, the direction is, Manet Aaron, and be is before made to enter with Tamora, though he says nothing. This scene ought to continue the first act.

Johnson Line 10. Upon her wit-] We should read-Upon her will.

WARBURTON. I think wit, for which she is eminent in the drama, is right.

JOHNSON. Line 59. Not I; till I have sheath'd &c.] This speech, which has been all along given to Demetrius, as the next to Chiron, were both given to the wrong speaker ; for it was Demetrius that had thrown out the reproachful speeches on the other.

WARBURTON. Line 115. To square for this !] To square is to quarrel. So, in A Midsummer's-Night's Dream :

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