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1. Explain and criticise the mercantile policy pursued in England during the seventeenth century. Is it essentially related to the modern protectionist movement?

2. What were the immediate and ultimate effects of the Industrial Revolution on (1) the wages of labour, (2) the organization of industry?

3. Criticise the Marginal Utility Theory of value.

4. What, in your estimation, are the main influences which affect the rate of wages?

5. Compare the Canadian and American banking systems as regards (a) ability to serve the community, (b) elasticity of note issues, (c) effectiveness in time of panic, (d) efficiency of inspection.

6. Show the incidence of taxation on (a) building land, (b) agricultural land, (c) inheritances, (d) incomes, (e) saloon licenses.



I. Discuss Aristotle's verdict on democracy. How far are his conclusions applicable to present-day conditions?

2. What are the essential features of Aristotle's theory of education? What is the connection between his theory of education and his general political theory?

3. Compare the political teachings of Stoicism and of primitive Christianity.

4. State briefly the contributions to political theory made by Bodin, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Montesquieu, Burke, and Bentham.

5. Outline Locke's theory of the social contract and estimate its value from the standpoints of (a) historical validity, (b) interpretation of the relation of the state and the individual, and (c) serviceability for democratic agitation.

6. Can any general rule be laid down for the limitation of the functions of the state?


(At least 20% must be made on each section).


1. Factor (a) 1-9x2+4x+12, (b) a3 (b2-c2).

2. If is a cube root of unity, show that (1) (1+2)=-9.

3. (a) How many numbers greater than 100 can be formed with the digits 3, 4, 5, 6, 7?

(b) In how many different ways can an elector vote if there are 5 candidates, and he may vote for 1, 2, or 3 of them?

4. (a) Find the sum of 56 terms of the series



(b) Find in simplest form the first four terms in

the expansion (1-2x)-4.

5. Divide a number into two parts such that the sum of their squares may be a minimum.


6. Construct a triangle, having given its three medians.

7. Prove that the sum of the perpendiculars from any point within an equilateral triangle to the sides is constant. Explain the truth of the theorem when the point is without the triangle.

8. Show from continuity the relation between the following theorems :

(a) the angle in a segment of a circle is constant, (b) the angle between a tangent and a chord is equal to the angle in the opposite segment,

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