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8. (a) Sum to n terms,

sin @+sin(0+a)+sin(@+2a) +.... (b), Prove

sin 4° + sin 8° +sin 12°+....+ sin 180°-cot 2°.

9. From the series for sin and cos 0,

(a) find sin 10° and cos 10° to 4 decimal places. (b) prove cos 0+i sin 0=¿1o ̧

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2. (a) Explain the function of the first and second derivatives in the theory of maximum and minimum.

(b) Find the area of the greatest triangle formed by the ordinate, abcissa and radius vector to any point on the central ellipse.

=1 orthogonally.

3. (a) Develop the equation





+zar ду


for the tangent to the curve f(x, y)=0. that the curves x2+y2 = 2a2 log x+c cut the ellipses +

(b) Show


a2 +λ


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4. (a) In polars prove (i) tan p=rf'.

(ii) p=r2\\/r2 +ƒ'2.

(b) Find the p, r equation of the Lemniscate of Bernouillir2=a2 cos 20.

5. Find the equation of the evolute of the standard ellipse.

6. From Taylor's theorem deduce the logarithmic


7. (a) Evaluate ƒˆ x2(logx)* dx.


(b) The paraboloid of revolution has one-half the volume of its circumscribing cylinder.

8. By means of a differential equation show that the law of coefficients in the expansion of (sin-1x)2 an, and write out the expan



is an+2
(n + 1)(n+2)
sion as far as x8.



1. Show how to draw a common perpendicular to two noncomplanar lines, and prove that it is the shortest segment from one line to the other.

2. (a) Express any function of a dihedral angle of a three-faced corner in terms of the face angles.

(b) Find the dihedral angle of a regular octahedron. 3. Find R, p, r for the regular icosahedron in terms of an edge.

4. If an equilateral cone and an equilateral cylinder be inscribed in the same sphere, the whole surface of the cylinder is a mean proportional between those of the cone and sphere.

5. Find the volume of a sphere as generated by the translation of a variable circle.

6. The distance from the centre of a circle to the centre of figure of an arc which subtends an angle at the centre is C/0, where C is the chord of the arc.

7. Show how two given angles and a given line may be projected into two required angles and the line at infinity.

8. (a) The minor axis of any elliptic section of a cone is a mean proportional between the diameters of the circular sections at the extremities of its major axis.

(b) A cone has vertical angle 60°. Show how to cut it that the section may be a parabola with latus rectum 12 inches.

9. The area of an equilateral spheric triangle is onefourth that of the surface of the sphere. Show that its angle is 120°, and find its side.

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