Harvest of Despair: Life and Death in Ukraine under Nazi Rule
Harvard University Press, 15 mar. 2008 - 480 pagini
“If I find a Ukrainian who is worthy of sitting at the same table with me, I must have him shot,” declared Nazi commissar Erich Koch. To the Nazi leaders, the Ukrainians were Untermenschen—subhumans. But the rich land was deemed prime territory for Lebensraum expansion. Once the Germans rid the country of Jews, Roma, and Bolsheviks, the Ukrainians would be used to harvest the land for the master race. Karel Berkhoff provides a searing portrait of life in the Third Reich’s largest colony. Under the Nazis, a blend of German nationalism, anti-Semitism, and racist notions about the Slavs produced a reign of terror and genocide. But it is impossible to understand fully Ukraine’s response to this assault without addressing the impact of decades of repressive Soviet rule. Berkhoff shows how a pervasive Soviet mentality worked against solidarity, which helps explain why the vast majority of the population did not resist the Germans. He also challenges standard views of wartime eastern Europe by treating in a more nuanced way issues of collaboration and local anti-Semitism. Berkhoff offers a multifaceted discussion that includes the brutal nature of the Nazi administration; the genocide of the Jews and Roma; the deliberate starving of Kiev; mass deportations within and beyond Ukraine; the role of ethnic Germans; religion and national culture; partisans and the German response; and the desperate struggle to stay alive. Harvest of Despair is a gripping depiction of ordinary people trying to survive extraordinary events.
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Deportations and Forced Migrations
Toward the End of Nazi Rule
Ethnic Identity and Political Loyalties
Religion and Popular Piety
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Pagina 47 - We are a master race, which must remember that the lowliest German worker is racially and biologically a thousand times more valuable than the population here.
Pagina 428 - Norman M. Naimark, Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001), p. 28. 10. Ronald Grigor Suny, "Empire and Nation: Armenians, Turks, and the End of the Ottoman Empire," Armenian Forum 1, 2 (1998): 17.
Pagina 123 - Some of these were working for forty-five cents a day from six o'clock in the morning to six o'clock in the evening...
Pagina 47 - The attitude of the Germans . . . must be governed by the fact that we deal with a people which is inferior in every respect." The object of the occupation wasn't "to bring blessings on the Ukraine but to secure for Germany the necessary living space and a source of food." None of this was empty rhetoric. Hitler's pronouncement on forgetting the concept of comradeship between soldiers led to the infamous Commissar Decree — the order to execute all political officers in Red Army units, even if they...
Pagina 432 - Generalplan Ost'. Hauptlinien der nationalsozialistischen Planungs- und Vernichtungspolitik (Berlin, 1993), pp. 12-19. 34. Ereignismeldung UdSSR, Nr. 86, 17 September 1941, on this see Longerich, "Massenmord,
Pagina 168 - This year between twenty and thirty million persons will die of hunger in Russia. Perhaps it is well that it should be so, for certain nations must be decimated. But even if it were not, nothing can be done about it. It is obvious that if humanity is condemned to die of hunger, the last to die will be our two...
Pagina 168 - The food situation at home makes it essential that the troops should be fed off the land, and the largest possible stocks should be placed at the disposal of the homeland. In enemy cities, a large part of the population will have to go hungry. Nothing, out of a misguided sense of humanity, may be given to...
Pagina 334 - Het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden in de Tweede Wereldoorlog'.
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