Harvest of Despair: Life and Death in Ukraine under Nazi Rule

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Harvard University Press, 15 mar. 2008 - 480 pagini
“If I find a Ukrainian who is worthy of sitting at the same table with me, I must have him shot,” declared Nazi commissar Erich Koch. To the Nazi leaders, the Ukrainians were Untermenschen—subhumans. But the rich land was deemed prime territory for Lebensraum expansion. Once the Germans rid the country of Jews, Roma, and Bolsheviks, the Ukrainians would be used to harvest the land for the master race. Karel Berkhoff provides a searing portrait of life in the Third Reich’s largest colony. Under the Nazis, a blend of German nationalism, anti-Semitism, and racist notions about the Slavs produced a reign of terror and genocide. But it is impossible to understand fully Ukraine’s response to this assault without addressing the impact of decades of repressive Soviet rule. Berkhoff shows how a pervasive Soviet mentality worked against solidarity, which helps explain why the vast majority of the population did not resist the Germans. He also challenges standard views of wartime eastern Europe by treating in a more nuanced way issues of collaboration and local anti-Semitism. Berkhoff offers a multifaceted discussion that includes the brutal nature of the Nazi administration; the genocide of the Jews and Roma; the deliberate starving of Kiev; mass deportations within and beyond Ukraine; the role of ethnic Germans; religion and national culture; partisans and the German response; and the desperate struggle to stay alive. Harvest of Despair is a gripping depiction of ordinary people trying to survive extraordinary events.
 

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Cuprins

Introduction
1
Soviet Ukraine and the German Invasion
6
The Reichskommissariat Ukraine
35
The Holocaust of the Jews and Roma
59
Prisoners of War
89
Life in the Countryside
114
Conditions in the Cities
141
Famine in Kiev
164
Deportations and Forced Migrations
253
Toward the End of Nazi Rule
275
Conclusion
305
Tables
317
Abbreviations
319
Notes
321
Sources
439
Acknowledgments

Popular Culture
187
Ethnic Identity and Political Loyalties
205
Religion and Popular Piety
232

Alte ediții - Afișați-le pe toate

Termeni și expresii frecvente

Pasaje populare

Pagina 428 - Norman M. Naimark, Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001), p. 28. 10. Ronald Grigor Suny, "Empire and Nation: Armenians, Turks, and the End of the Ottoman Empire," Armenian Forum 1, 2 (1998): 17.

Despre autor (2008)

Karel C. Berkhoff is Senior Researcher at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Informații bibliografice