Eisler's Encyclopedia of Environmentally Hazardous Priority Chemicals

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Elsevier, 8 aug. 2007 - 986 pagini
Thousands of inorganic and organic chemicals and their metabolites enter the biosphere daily as a direct result of human activities. Many of these chemicals have serious consequences on sensitive species of natural resources, crops, livestock, and public health. The most hazardous of these were identified by a panel of environmental specialists from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; these chemicals are the focus of this encyclopedia.
For each priority group of chemicals, information is presented on sources, uses, physical and chemical properties, tissue concentrations in field collections and their significance, lethal and sublethal effects under controlled conditions. This includes effects on survival, growth, reproduction, metabolism, carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, and mutagenicity - and proposed regulatory criteria for the protection of sensitive natural resources, crops, livestock, and human health. Taxonomic groups of natural resources covered include terrestrial and aquatic plants and invertebrates, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.

* The only product that centers on the most hazardous environmental chemicals to sensitive natural resources
* The only single volume compendium on the subject, allowing ease in consulting
* Written by a noted national and international authority on chemical risk assessment to living organisms

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Cuprins

Chapter 19 MERCURY
407
Chapter 20 MIREX
503
Chapter 21 MOLYBDENUM
517
Chapter 22 NICKEL
533
Chapter 23 PARAQUAT
573
Chapter 24 PENTACHLOROPHENOL
589
Chapter 25 POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS
607
Chapter 26 POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS
645

Chapter 9 CHROMIUM
137
Chapter 10 COPPER
161
Chapter 11 CYANIDE
201
Chapter 12 DIAZINON
233
Chapter 13 DIFLUBENZURON
245
Chapter 14 DIOXINS
261
Chapter 15 FAMPHUR
279
Chapter 16 FENVALERATE
293
Chapter 17 GOLD
313
Chapter 18 LEAD
371
Chapter 27 RADIATION
677
Chapter 28 SELENIUM
737
Chapter 29 SILVER
761
Chapter 30 SODIUM MONOFLUOROACETATE
783
Chapter 31 TIN
809
Chapter 32 TOXAPHENE
829
Chapter 33 ZINC
841
General Index
891
Species Index
933
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Pagina 678 - The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus is called the mass number of the element (represented by A).
Pagina 55 - Drift and runoff from treated areas may be hazardous to aquatic organisms in neighboring areas. Do not contaminate water when disposing of equipment wash waters.
Pagina 679 - In beta decay, an electron - produced by the disintegration of a neutron into a proton, an electron, and an antineutrino - is emitted from the nucleus and increases the atomic number by 1 without changing the mass number.
Pagina 646 - These compounds consist of hydrogen and carbon arranged in the form of two or more fused benzene rings in linear, angular, or cluster arrangements with unsubstituted groups possibly attached to one or more rings.
Pagina 78 - The adsorption of cadmium on mud solids and particles of clay, silica, humic material and other naturally occurring solids has been studied.
Pagina 210 - For example, sodium cyanide is used in metallurgy for the extraction of gold and silver from ores and in electroplating baths because it forms stable soluble complexes.
Pagina 422 - The salivary glands are swollen and tender, and the saliva pours from the mouth, and may amount to pints in the course of a day. The teeth become quite loose and may fall out. The symptoms are aggravated until the tongue and mouth ulcerate, the jaw-bone necroses, haemorrhages occur in various parts of the body, and the patient dies of anaemia, septic inflammation or exhaustion. The treatment consists, besides stopping the intake of poison and relieving the symptoms, in the administration of potassium...
Pagina 63 - Dietary boron at nontoxic concentrations, as sodium borate or boric acid, is rapidly and almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract...
Pagina 343 - Cancer has reclassified crystalline silica inhaled in the form of quartz or cristobalite from occupational sources as carcinogenic to humans (Class 1).

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